Flashcards in Bone & Joint Infections Deck (17):
List the organisms in order of frequency of cases caused that are responsible for osteomyelitis.
S. aureas (80%)
List some of the symptoms and signs that are present in cases of osteomyelitis.
Painful, swollen site
What is C-reactive protein?
A protein present in blood plasma which increases in number upon inflammation
Name the 4 investigations that are carried out when diagnosing osteomyelitis.
How is osteomyelitis treated?
Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol (tuberculosis)
Where is septic arthritis most likely to occur (three sites)?
List three predisposing conditions to septic arthritis.
Infection of joint
Name some causative organisms of septic arthritis.
Which three methods are used to diagnose septic arthritis?
Joint aspirate (i.e. drain fluid from joint)
How is septic arthritis treated?
What is Reiter's Syndrome?
Arthritis, conjunctivitis & urethritis
Possibly caused by chlamydia
Where do organisms settle in the bone in haematogenous spread?
For salmonella based osteomyelitis, what is the most common predisposition?
Sickle cell disease
For brucella based osteomyelitis, what is the most common predisposition?
What type of organism based osteomyelitis is likely to arise in children under the age of 5 years?
H. influenzae based
Which type of organism based osteomyelitis is most likely to arise in people with cases of prosthesis (i.e. prosthetic limbs)?