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Flashcards in Bone Surface Features Deck (29):
1

What are the four basic surface feature categories?

Elevations, depressions, tunnels or passageways and facets

2

What are the types of Ossetians elevations?

Linear, rounded and sharp

3

What are the types of osseous linear elevations?

The line, ridge and crest

4

What is an example of the slightest type of osseous linear elevations?

Transverse lines of sternum

5

What is an example of an osseous ridge elevation?

Sacral transverse ridges

6

What are the types of rounded osseous elevations?

Tubercle, protuberance, trochanter, tuber or tuberosity and malleolus

7

What is the definition of an osseous trochanter?

A large, blunt projection from the surface of bone with a significant base and height

8

What is the definition of an osseous malleolus?

A hammerhead-like elevation on the surface of bone

9

What are the categories of sharp osseous elevations?

Spine and process

10

What is the definition of an osseous process?

A relatively sharp bony projection from the surface of bone with an increased length

11

What are the categories or osseous depressions?

Linear and rounded depressions

13

What is the definition of an osseous sulcus?

A wide groove of variable length and depth on the surface of bone

14

What are the categories of rounded osseous depressions?

The fovea and fossa

15

What is the definition of an osseous fovea?

A shallow depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

16

What is the definition of an osseous fossa?

A deep depression of variable circumference on the surface of bone

17

What are the names given to openings on the surface of bone?

Ostium or orifice and hiatus

18

What is the definition of an osseous hiatus?

An irregular opening on the surface of bone.

19

What are the names given to osseous ostia which completely penetrate the bone?

Foramen or canal

20

What is the definition of an osseous Foramen

An ostium passing completely through a thin region of bone

21

What is the definition of an osseous canal?

An ostium passing completely through a thick region of bone

22

What is the name given to an ostium which does not completely penetrate through a region of bone but appears as a blind-ended passageway?

Meatus

23

What is the definition of an osseous fissure?

An irregular slit-like or crack-like appearance between the surface of adjacent bones

24

What are the categories of osseous facets?

Flat and rounded

25

What are the categories of rounded osseous facets?

Articular heads and articular condyles

26

What is the definition of an osseous condyle?

A knuckle-shaped surface on bone for osseous articulation

27

What are the categories of osseous linear depressions?

Notch or incisive, groove, and sulcus

28

When do surface features of bone become prominent?

During and after puberty

29

What is the definition of an osseous tubercle?

A small raised elevation from the surface of bone, usually associated with the attachment of a ligament or tendon

30

What is the definition of an osseous protuberance?

Rounded elevation from the surface of bone with a larger base that appears as a swelling or knob