Bones & Muscles - Unit 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bones & Muscles - Unit 14 Deck (87):
1

crani/o

skull

2

crani/o

skull

3

vertebr/o, spondyl/o, rachi/o

spine; vertebral column

4

lumb/o, lumbar

lower back area (curvature area)

5

cervical vertebrae

(7=# of vertebrae) C-6 C-2

6

Thoracic vertebrae

(12) T-6 T-2

7

Lumbar Vertebrae

(5) L-6 L-2

8

clavic/o, clavicle

collar bone

9

scapul/o, scapula

shoulder blade

10

humer/o, humerus

upper arm bone

11

stern/o, sternum

breastbone

12

cost/o, costals

ribs

13

chondr/o

cartilage

14

vertebr/o, spondy/o, rachi/o

spine; vertebral column

15

lumb/o, lumbar

lower back area (curvature area)

16

cervical vertebrae

(7=# of vertebrae) C-6 C-2

17

Thoracic vertebrae

(12) T-6 T-2

18

Lumbar Vertebrae

(5) L-6 L-2

19

clavic/o, clavicle

collar bone

20

scapul/o, scapula

shoulder blade

21

humer/o, humerus

upper arm bone

22

stern/o, sternum

breastbone

23

cost/o, costals

ribs

24

chondr/o

cartilage

25

abduction

away from midline

26

adduction

toward midline

27

inversion

turning inward

28

eversion

turning toward

29

extension

moving a limb to a straight position

30

flexion

bending a limb

31

pronation

turning the palm down

32

supination

turning palm up

33

rotation

turning around on its own axis

34

alignment

placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position

35

ambulatory

able to walk

36

deformity/deformed

distortion of any part of te body

37

dislocate/dislocation

temporary displacement of a bone from its joint

38

immobilize/immobilization

making a part or limb so that it cannot be moved

39

orthopod

orthopedist

40

reduce/reduction

restoring a fractured bone to its normal position

41

symmetry

both sides being equal

42

traction

pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position

43

CR

closed reduction

44

CRIF

closed reduction internal fixation (fracture treatment)

45

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation (surgical fracture treatment)

46

phalang/o

phalanges, finger or toe bones

47

carp/o

carpals, bones of the wrist

48

tars/o

tarsals, ankle bones

49

ilium

part of the hip bone

50

femor/o

femur, upper leg bones

51

patell/o

patella, knee cap

52

fibul/o

fibula, lower leg bones

53

arthr/o

joints

54

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon, attaches muscle to bone

55

burs/o

bursa, fibrous sac that acts like a cushion to ease joint movement

56

ligament

connects bone to bone

57

synovial fluid

acts as a lubricant within moveable joints

58

symphysis joint

sym- and syn = with, together, joined together
-physis = to grow
bones grow together with cartilage and function as one

59

menisc/o

cartilage within a joint

60

oste/o

bone

61

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

62

my/o, myos/o

muscle

63

ankylosis

loss of mobility in joint (ankyl/o = stiff)

64

intercostal

pertaining to between the ribs (inter- = between)

65

supracostal

pertaining to above the ribs (supra- = above)

66

osteoclasis

surgical Fx (fracture) a bone to correct deformity (-clasis = to break surgically)

67

osteodesis

fusion, surgically fuse together bone (-desis = surgical fusion)

68

lord/o

bent forward

69

kyph/o

hump, humpback

70

myoasthenia

muscle weakness (-asthenia = weakness)

71

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bone and joints

72

orthopedic surgeon

specializes in bones, joints, and muscles (orth/o = straight)

73

kinesiology

study of the movement and motion of muscles and body parts (kinesi/o = movement or motion)

74

Fx

fracture

75

disl

dislocation

76

ROM

range of motion

77

OT

occupational therapy

78

PT

physical therapy

79

OA

osteoarthritis

80

Ht

height

81

Wt

weight

82

Ortho

orthopedics

83

MD

muscular dystrophy

84

D.O.

Doctor of Osteopathy

85

NSAID

nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug

86

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

87

AKA

above knee amputation