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Flashcards in Bones and Muscles Deck (80):
1

Frontal bone

Consists of 3 portions. "Forehead" - squamous, orbital and nasal parts

2

Temporal bone(s)

Located at the sides and base of the skull. House the temple and ear structure

3

Maxilla (bone)

The jaw or jawbone. Nose and eye socket. Specifically the upper jaw in most vertebrates

4

Mandible (bone)

The jaw and jaw bone. Especially the lower jawbone. Makes up lower jaw

5

Occipital bone

Saucer shaped bone located at the back and lower part of the skull

6

Zygomatic bone

The bone that forms the prominent part of the cheek and outer side of the eye socket

7

Foramen Magnum

Hole at the base of the optical bone of skull. Hole for spinal cord

8

Cervical bone(s)

Top section of the spine. 7 bones. C1- Atlas C2- Axis, then C3, C4, C5, C6, C7

9

Thoracic bone(s)

Middle section of spine. 12 bones total. T1, T2, T3..... T12

10

Lumbar bone(s)

Lower section of the spine. 5 bones total. L1, L2, L3, L4, and L5

11

Scapula bone

"Shoulder blade bone" which connects the humerus (arm) to the clavicle (collar bone)

12

Clavicle bone

The "collar bone"

13

Humerus bone

The upper arm bone. Connects down to ulna and radius

14

Radius bone

One of the 2 forearm bones. Connects to the "Thumb side" of hand

15

Ulna bone

One of the 2 forearm bones. Connects to the "pinky side" of hand

16

Carpal bones

"Wrist bones" 8 small bones that make up the wrist

17

Metacarpal bones

The long bones within the hand. Lying under the palm

18

Phalanges bones

"Fingers" made up of several phalanges and joints

19

Os Coax
"Coaxal bone"

The "hip bone." Composed of 3 bones - ilium, ischium, and Pubis

20

Sacrum bone

Triangular bone at the base of spine. "Tail bone" 5 fused vertebrae

21

Coccyx bone

3-5 fused segments common in pregnant mothers.

22

Femur bone

The "thigh bone." The largest bond in the body.

23

Tibia bone

The "shin bone" front of the fibula.

24

Fibula bone

The "calf bone" connects to the heal. Behind the tibia

25

Patella bone

The "kneecap." The front of the knee

26

Calcaneus bone

The "heal bone" or just the heal

27

Talus bone

The "ankle bone" which forms the lower part of the ankles joint

28

Tarsal bones

The "wrist of the foot." Made up of 7 bones

29

Metatarsal bones

The bridge of the foot. The long thin bones that lead to the toes

30

Phalange bones
(Foot)

The "toes" are the tips of the phalanges

31

Parietal bone

2 bones in skull. Together they form the sides and roof of cranium.

32

SCM Muscle SternoCleidoMastoid

Neck muscle. V shape in front of neck.

33

Temporal muscle

Above the temple. Used when chewing.

34

Massalter muscle

Cheek muscle. Used when chewing

35

Trapezoid Muscle

"Traps" back neck muscles

36

Deltoid muscle

Shoulder muscle

37

Pectoral muscle(s)
Major

The "pecks." The chest muscles. Major=bigger

38

Pectoral muscle(s)
Minor

The "pecks." The chest muscle. Minor=smaller

39

Intercostal muscles

(Breathing) both internal and external

40

Diaphragm muscle

Muscle below diaphragm cavity. A breathing muscle

41

Biceps Brachii muscle

The "bicep muscle"

42

Brachio-Radialis muscle

One of the "Forearm muscle." Flexes at the elbow.

43

Tricep Brachii muscles

2 of them. Long and lateral heads.

44

Flexor Carpi group

Wrist/hand flexed in. Attached to elbow point on forearm

45

Extensor Carpi group

Wrist/hand extended out. On top of the forearm.

46

Rectus Abdominus muscle

The "abs." More specifically the central abs.

47

External Oblique muscle

The "Obliques." The side of the rectus "abs"

48

Latismus Dorsi muscle

The muscles over the ribs on the posterior (back)

49

Rhomboidal muscles

The muscles under the "traps" which connect to the shoulder blade

50

Rotator cuff muscles

Muscles holding shoulder. SITS 1.Supraspinatus(top) 2.Infraspinatus(middle) 3.Teres-Minor(low+big) 4.Subscapularis(triangle+armpit)

51

Erector Spinane muscle (group)

Located on either side of the spinal column. (Spine muscles)

52

Gluteus Maximus

The "Butt" muscle

53

Oliopsoas muscle

A hip flexor muscle. Connects the hip to the hamstring.

54

Bicep Femori muscle

1 of the 3 hamstring muscles on the lateral(outside) part of the posterior thigh

55

Semithendnosis muscle

1 of the 3 hamstring muscles on the medial(middle) part of the posterior thigh

56

Semimembranosis muscle

1 of the 3 hamstring muscles on the (inside) and connects to the the kneecap area

57

Gastrocnemius muscle

The "calf muscle" connected to the back of the knee to the ankle and heal

58

Soleus muscle

Muscle under the lower calf.

59

Achilles Tendon

Connects to heal on the back of the calf

60

Anterior Tibialis muscle

The "shin muscle" located in front of the shin.

61

Rectus Femoris muscle

1 of the 4 Quadricep muscles. The bigger one going up and down

62

Vastas Medialis muscle

1 of the 4 Quadricep muscles. Located on the inside in the "middle" of leg

63

Vastus Lateralis muscle

1 of the 4 Quadricep muscles located on the outside. "Lateral" part of leg

64

Vastus Intermedius muscle

1 of the 4 Quadricep muscles located behind the Medialis "middle"

65

Scalene muscle (mm) 3 of them

Neck muscles. 1.Anterior- closer inside. Front of neck 2.Middle- middle of neck. Between these 3 and 1. 3.Posterior- farther outside. Back of neck.

66

5 functions of Skeletal System

1. Support
2. Protection
3. Movement
4. Storage
5. Blood Cell Production

67

Epimysium in Fasicle

Fibrous sheath around an entire skeletal musle

68

Perimysium in Fasicle

Sheath of connective tissue surrounding a bundle of muscle fibers

69

Endomysium in Fascicle

Encloses or wraps around each mm fiber (inside)

70

Sarcomere

Z-Disc, and
H-Zone (M-line) aka "Soda can"

71

Myofilaments

Actin -Thin filaments Myosin -Thick filaments "heads=ohers." Split ATP to generate power for mm contraction

72

Isotonic

Where the mm shortens. Ex: bending knee, elbow

73

Isometric

Where the mm neither lengthens or shortens.
Ex: Pushing over a wall

74

Eccentric

The muscle enlongates (gets bigger)

75

Concentric

The muscle shortens

76

Diaphysis

Longest part of bone

77

2 types of bone

Compact - solid Cancellous "spongy"- small marrow filled.
Red marrow-Blood
Yellow marrow-Fat

78

Healing of a Fracture

1.Blood vessels are ruptured, swelling occurs 2.Fibrocartilage splints the bone 3.Bony callus is formed 4.Bone remodeling occurs

79

Bony Thorax
Thoracic cage

"Rib cage" Made up of 3 parts
1. Sternum
2. Ribs-connects 1 + 3
3. T-Spine

80

Sternum

"Breast bone" 3 parts
1. Manubrium
2. Sternal Body
3. Xiphoid process
Supports 7 pairs of ribs