Book 1: 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 1: 1 Deck (194):
1

abdō abdere abdidī abditum

to put away, remove, set aside

2

aboleō abolēre abolēvī abolitus

to cause to wane or waste; to destroy; cleanse, efface, wipe out; obliterate the memory of

3

abripiō abripere abripuī abreptus

to take away violently; snatch, carry away (> ab and rapio)

4

absistō –ere –abstitī

to stand off or away from, followed by the abl., alone or with prep.; withdraw from; fly, dart from; (with infin.), desist, cease; (alone), stop, cease

5

absum abesse āfuī āfutūrus

to be absent, be distant

6

absūmō absumere absūmpsī absūmptum

to take away, destroy

7

ac

and in addition, or and besides; and, as well, and indeed, and; even; in comparison: as, than

8

acanthus –ī m.

the plant bear's–foot; the acanthus

9

accendō accendere accendī accēnsus

to set on fire

10

accingō –ere –cīnxī –cīnctus

to gird on; gird; arm, equip; make one’s self ready; prepare; resort to (> ad and cingo)

11

accītus –ūs

m. a summons, call; used only in the abl. sing. (> accio)

12

accumbō –cumbere –cubuī –cubitum

to lie down; recline at dinner

13

aciēs aciēī

f. sharp edge; keennes; battle line

14

acūtus –a –um

sharp, piercing

15

addō addere addidī additus

to add, insert, bring/attach to, say in addition; increase; impart; associate

16

adeō

such a point; precisely, exactly; thus far; indeed, truly; even

17

adhūc

thus far, till now, to this point; hitherto; yet, as yet; still; besides

18

adoleō –ēre –oluī –ultus

to cause to increase; to magnify, honor, adore, worship; burn in sacrifice, offer; fire, kindle

19

adōrō adōrāre adōrāvī adōrātus

to pray to; supplicate, worship, adore

20

advehō –ere –vexī –vectus

to carry or convey to; (pass.), advehi, sail to; foll. by acc.

21

adveniō advenīre advēnī adventus

to arrive

22

adversus –a –um

towards, opposite, directly facing; opposed, adverse, hostile, unfavorable, in opposition

23

adultus –a –um

full–grown, ripe, mature

24

aeger aegra aegrum

sick, ill

25

aēnus –a –um

of bronze; brazen; subst., a bronze or brazen vessel; caldron

26

aequō aequāre aequāvī aequātus

to make level, equalize

27

aequor aequoris

n. level surface; sea; plain

28

āēr āeris

m. air (one of 4 elements); atmosphere, sky; cloud, mist, weather; breeze; odor

29

aereus –a –um

made of copper or bronze; bronze, brazen (see def. of aes); brazen beaked; of the copper or bronze plates or scales of a corselet

30

aestus aestūs

m. heat; agitation, passion, seething

31

aeternus –a –um

everlasting, eternal

32

aethēr aetheris

n. pure upper air, ether, heaven, sky

33

aetherius –a –um

pertaining to the upper air; ethereal, heavenly; airy (> aether)

34

adflīctus –a –um

dejected, desponding; wretched, troubled (> adfligo)

35

adflō adflāre adflāvī adflātus

to blow upon; breathe upon; blast; inspire; impart

36

adfor –fātus sum

to speak to; address; beseech, supplicate; bid adieu, farewell to

37

age agite

onward! away! come on!

38

agger aggeris

m. mound, rampart

39

āgmen āgminis

n. line (of march), column; army; multitude, throng

40

āgnōscō āgnōscere āgnōvī agnitus

to recognize, acknowledge

41

agnus agnī

m. ram–lamb

42

āla ālae

f. wing

43

āles –itis

m./f. large bird, bird of prey; an omen or augury (from watching birds)

44

āliger –era –erum

wing–bearing; winged (> ala and gero)

45

aliter

otherwise, differently; in any other way [aliter ac => otherwise than]

46

adligō adligāre adligāvī adligātus

to tie or bind to; hold fast, hold; constrain, confine

47

alloquor alloquī allocūtus

to speak to, address

48

almus –a –um

giving nourishment; fostering, genial, blessing, blessed, benign; fruitful; gracious, kind, kindly, propitious (> alo)

49

altē

aloft, on high; high; high up; deeply, deep; comp., altius, higher (> altus)

50

altum altī

n. deep sea; height

51

altus –a –um

tall, high; deep

52

amāns –antis

a lover; loving, fond wife

53

amāracus –ī

m. marjoram

54

ambāgēs –is

f. a going about; a winding; details, particulars, story; mysteries (in good usage in the abl. sing. and all cases of pl.) (> ambigo, go about)

55

ambiguus –a –um

uncertain, ambiguous

56

ambō ambae ambō

both

57

ambrosius –a –um

ambrosial, heavenly, divine (> ambrosia)

58

amiciō –īre –icuī or ixī –ictus

to throw around; veil, cover (> am– and iacio)

59

amictus –ūs

m. a veiling or draping of the person; an upper garment, covering; cloak, mantle, veil (> amicio)

60

amplexus –ūs

m. an embrace (> amplector)

61

amplus –a –um

great, large, spacious, wide, ample; distinguished, important, honorable

62

an

introduces an alternative question, or; introduces an Indirect Question, whether

63

ancora –ae

f. an anchor

64

annālis annāle

pertaining to years, or lasting through a year; subst., m., annales, ium, annals, records; story, history (> annus)

65

adnītor –nīsus or –nīxus sum

to press upon; (with dat.), lean against; lean, rest upon; alone, make effort, strive; ply the oars

66

annō annāre annāvī annātus

to swim up to

67

adnuō –ere –nuī (ūtus –rare)

to nod to; with dat., acc. and dat., and infin.; ascent, consent; promise; direct, permit

68

antrum –ī

n. a cave, cavern, grotto

69

aper –prī

m. a wild boar

70

aperiō aperīre aperuī apertus

to uncover, open, disclose; explain, recount; reveal; found; excavate; spread out

71

apis apis

f. bee

72

appāreō apparēre apparuī apparitūrus

to appear; be evident/visible/noticed/found; show up, occur; serve

73

appellō –ere –pulī –pulsus

to drive to; bring, convey to; draw up to, moor on the shore (> ad and pello)

74

applicō applicāre applicāvī applicātus

to join, connect, attach, add

75

aptō aptāre aptāvī aptātus

to adapt to, prepare

76

āra ārae

f. altar

77

arboreus –a –um

pertaining to a tree or trees; tree–like, massive; branching (> arbor)

78

arcānus –a –um

secret, mysterious, hidden

79

arceō arcēre arcuī

to ward/keep off/away; keep close, confine; prevent, hinder; protect; separate

80

arcus arcūs

m. bow, arch

81

ārdēns –entis

burning, hot, sparkling, flaming; bright; impassioned, ardent, eager; spirited, fiery; glowing, lofty; fierce, furious; angry (> ardeo)

82

ārdeō ārdēre ārsī ārsum

to burn, glow

83

ārdēscō –ere –ārsī

to begin to burn; (fig.), burn; to increase, grow louder and louder (> ardeo)

84

(h)arēna (h)arēnae

f. sand, desert, beach; (combat) arena

85

argentum argentī

n. silver; money, cash; silver–plate [argentum vivum => quicksilver/mercury]

86

āridus –a –um

dry, arid, parched

87

armentum –ī

n. collective, beasts used for plowing; cattle; of all kinds of animals, a herd, drove; of deer; of horses (> aro)

88

arrigō –ere –rēxī –rēctus

to raise up; erect; bristle up; (fig.), to excite, rouse; p.,

89

artifex –icis

m. an artist

90

artus artūs

m. limb, leg

91

artus –a –um

straitened, narrow; close, tight

92

arvum arvī

n. ploughed land, field

93

ascendō ascendere ascendī ascēnsus

to climb; go/climb up; mount, scale; mount up, embark; rise, ascend, move upward

94

aspectō aspectāre aspectāvī aspectātus

to look at or upon, behold; survey earnestly; with admiration; with regret (> ad and specto)

95

aspectus aspectūs

m. possibility of seeing, sight

96

aspiciō aspicere aspēxī aspectus

to look at, behold

97

adspīrō adspīrāre adspīrāvī adspīrātus

to breathe to or upon; breathe or emit fragrance; inspire; aid, favor, prosper; aspire

98

adsum adesse adfuī adfutūrus

to improperly influence; undertake/try/attempt/come to grips; begin/set to work

99

adsurgō –ere –surrēxī –surrēctus

to rise up; rise; swell, fume

100

astō astāre astitī

to stand by

101

astrum astrī

n. star, constellation

102

āter atra atrum

black, dark

103

ātrium –ī

n. atrium, court

104

atrōx

terrible, cruel

105

attingō attingere attigī attāctus

to touch, touch/border on; reach, arrive at, achieve; mention briefly; belong to

106

attollō attollere

to raise up, lift up

107

āvehō –ere –vehere –vehexī –vectum

to carry off, bear away

108

āversus –a –um

turned away, from behind

109

augurium argurī(ī)

n. augury, prophecy

110

avidus –a –um

greedy, keen

111

aula –ae or –āī

f. a forecourt, atrium; court, peristyle (as surrounded with columns), hall; palace, royal seat

112

aulaeum –ī

n. a curtain, covering, hangings, embroidered stuff, tapestry

113

aura aurae

f. breeze, breath (of air), wind; gleam; odor, stench; vapor; air (pl.), heaven

114

aurātus –a –um

golden

115

aureus –a –um

of gold, golden; gilded; gold bearing; gleaming like gold; beautiful, splendid

116

aurōra aurōrae

f. the dawn, morning; personified, Aurora, the goddess of the dawn, who precedes the horses of the sun–god; the east; the sun

117

aurum aurī

n. gold

118

bācātus –a –um

set or studded with pearls; or made of beads, pearls, etc. (> baca)

119

barbarus –a –um

foreigner, barbarian

120

bellātrīx –īcis

f. a female warrior; adj., warring, a warlike heroine (> bello)

121

bellō bellāre bellāvī bellātus

to wage war, carry on war, war

122

benīgnus –a –um

kindly, generous, liberal

123

bilinguis –e

double–tongued; (fig.), deceitful, treacherous (> bis and lingua)

124

bīnī –ae –a

two by two; two to each; (poet. as cardinal), two (> bis)

125

birēmis –is

f. a boat with two oars, or ship with two banks of oars; a galley or ship (> bis and remus)

126

bis

twice (in composition bi–)

127

blandus –a –um

flattering, charming, pleasant; attractive

128

breviter

shortly, briefly

129

cadus –ī

m. a jar; wine–jar; an urn

130

caedēs caedis

f. murder, slaughter, massacre; assassination; feuding; slain, victims; blood, gore

131

caelestis caeleste

from/of heaven

132

caelō caelāre caelāvī caelātus

to cut in relief; carve, engrave, chase, emboss (> caelum, a chisel)

133

caesariēs –ēī

f. the hair of the head

134

caleō –ēre –uī

to be warm; to glow

135

campus campī

m. (flat) plain

136

canistra –ōrum

n. pl. a basket; baskets

137

canō canere cecinī cantus

to sing (of)

138

cantus –ūs

m. a singing or playing; melody; song; strain, sound; incantation, charm (> cano)

139

cānus –a –um

white, of the hair and beard; whitened, hoary, of frost and cold; of the sea, foaming, hoary; gray–haired, venerable; hoary

140

capessō capessere capessiī/capessīvī capessitūrus

to grasp, seize

141

carcer carceris

m. prison, jail

142

cardō –inis

m. hinge

143

castra castrōrum

n. pl. (military) camp

144

cāsus cāsūs

m. fall; occurrence; chance, misfortune

145

caterva –ae

f. crime, sin

146

cavō cavāre cavāvī cavātus

to hollow or scoop out; (> cavus)

147

cavus –a –um

hollow

148

celebrō celebrāre celebrāvī celebrātus

to celebrate/perform; frequent, crowd, throng; honor/glorify; publicize/advertise; discuss/bandy

149

celerō celerāre celerāvī celerātus

to speed, hasten (> celer)

150

cella cellae

f. storeroom, (wine) cellar, larder; temple chamber; sanctuary; room, garret; pen; cell; monestary

151

cēlō celāre celāvī celātus

to hide, conceal, keep secret; disguise; keep in the dark/ignorance; shield

152

celsus –a –um

high, lofty, et al. (> cello, rise)

153

certō

certainly, definitely, really, for certain, for a fact, truly; surely, firmly

154

certō certāre certāvī certātus

to vie (with), contest, contend/struggle (at law/politics), dispute; fight, strive

155

cervīx cervīcis

f. neck, nape; severed head/neck

156

cervus –ī

m. a stag, deer

157

cessō cessāre cessāvī cessātus

to cease, be idle; hold back, lay off, delay; rest; be free of

158

cēterus –a –um

(nom. sing. masc. not used), the other; other; the rest of; n. pl., cetera, adverbially, in other respect

159

chorus –ī

m. a dance in a circle; a dance; a company of singers or dancers, choir, train; band, troop; festival

160

cieō –ēre –cīvī –citus

to cause, to move; stir; agitate, move; excite, kindle, rouse; raise; call upon, invoke; call up, exhibit; of tears, shed

161

cingō cingere cīnxī cīnctus

to surround, encircle; gird (on onself)

162

cingulum –ī

n. a girdle, belt (> cingo)

163

circum

about, around; round about, near; in a circle; in attendance; on both sides

164

circumdō circumdare circumdedī circumdatus

to place round; surround

165

circumfundō –ere –fūdī –fūsus

to pour around; to encompass, surround; (pass.), circumfundor, fusus sum, (in middle signif.), to rush around, surround; p., circumfusus, a, um, surrounding; gathering around

166

circumtextus –a –um

to woven round (> circum and texo)

167

cithara –ae

f. the cithara, cithern, or lute

168

citus –a –um

swift

169

clam

secretly, in secret, unknown to; privately; covertly; by fraud

170

clāmor clāmōris

shout, outcry, protest; loud shouting (approval, joy), applause; clamor, noise, din, war–cry, battle–cry; roar (thunder, surf); cry of fear/pain/mourning; wailing

171

classis classis

f. class/division of Romans; grade (pupils); levy/draft; fleet/navy; group/band

172

claudō claudere clausī clausus

to close, shut, block up; conclude, finish; blockade, besiege; enclose; confine

173

claustrum –ī

n. bolt, bar

174

coetus coetūs

m. meeting, gathering

175

cōgnōmen cōgnōminis

n. surname, family name; name

176

colligō colligere collēgī collēctus

to collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep together; combine; harvest; pick up;obtain/acquire, amass; rally; recover; sum up; deduce, infer; compute, add up

177

collis collis

m. hill; mound; high ground; mountain

178

collum collī

m. neck; throat; head and neck; severed head; upper stem (flower); mountain ridge

179

colō colere coluī cultus

to live in, inhabit; till, cultivate, promote growth; foster, maintain; honor, cherish, worship; tend, take care of; adorn, dress, decorate, embellish

180

colōnus colōnī

m. farmer, colonist

181

columna –ae

f. a column, pillar; Protei columnae, the pillars of Proteus; the northern extremities of Egypt

182

coma comae

f. hair, tresses

183

comitor comitārī comitātus sum

to accompany

184

commissum –ī

n. an offense, a fault, a crime (> committo)

185

commoveō commovēre commōvī commōtus

to shake/stir up, agitate; displace, disturb, trouble/worry, upset; jolt; excite; waken; provoke; move (money/camp); produce; cause, start (war); raise (point)

186

compāgēs –is

f. a joining; fastening, joint (> com– and pango)

187

compellō compellāre compellāvī compellātus

to address, accost, speak to; greet, salute; chide, upbraid

188

compellō compellere compulī compulsus

to drive, coerce

189

complector complectī complexus sum

to embrace

190

complexus –ūs

m. embrace

191

compōnō compōnere composuī compōsitus

to compare; place/put/add/collect together, collate; match (up); store/hoard; calm; construct, build; arrange, compile, compose, make up; organize, order; settle

192

arrectus, a, um

standing up, rising; erect; bristling; attentive; animated, roused, encouraged; ardent, intent; intense

193

artificis scelus

the iniquity of the deceiver = the accursed falsifier; subtle schemer, artful deviser (> ars and facio)

194

cavatus, a, um

hollowed out; vaulted