Book 1: 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 1: 3 Deck (192):
1

fūnālis –e

made of or pertaining to a rope, cord, or wick; subst.,

2

fundāmentum –ī

n. a foundation (> fundo)

3

fundō fundere fūdī fūsus

to pour, cast (metals); scatter, shed, rout

4

fūnus fūneris

n. burial, funeral; funeral rites; ruin; corpse; death

5

furiae –ārum

f. rage, fury, madness, frenzy; vengeance; personif., Furiae, arum, the goddesses of vengeance, the Furies, Allecto, Megaera, and Tisiphone; the Avengers; for the Harpies (> furo)

6

furō furere

to rage, be mad

7

furor furōris

m. madness, rage, fury, frenzy; passionate love

8

futūrus –a –um

about to be; future (> sum)

9

galea galeae

f. helmet

10

gaudium gaudi(ī)

n. delight, joy, pleasure

11

gāza –ae

f. strictly, the Persian royal treasure; in gen., riches, wealth, treasure (a Persian word, Greek form)

12

gemitus –ūs

m. a groaning; a groan; sigh; lamentation; cry; noise, roaring (> gemo)

13

gemma –ae

f. jewel, gem

14

gemō gemere gemuī

to groan, sigh

15

genetrīx –īcis

f. she who brings forth; mother (> gigno)

16

genitor genitōris

m. father

17

germānus –a –um

having the same parents

18

gestō gestāre gestāvī gestātus

to carry, bear, wear

19

gīgnō gignere genuī genitus

to create, bring forth, beget, bear

20

glaeba –ae

f. a lump of earth; a clod; soil

21

glomerō glomerāre glomerāvī glomerātus

to form into a ball; mass together

22

gradior gradī gressus sum

to take steps, step, walk, go advance

23

gradus gradūs

m. step; position

24

grandaevus –a –um

very aged; old, aged (> grandis and aevum)

25

grātēs

defect. (found only in nom. and acc. pl.), f. (grator), thanks; in a bad sense, return, reward
graviter heavily; deadly; greatly, deeply; heavily, mournfully (> gravis)

26

gremium gremi(ī)

n. lap, bosom

27

gressus –ūs

m. a stepping; step, walk, course, way; of a ship; air, mien, gait;

28

ferre gressum

to walk

29

efferre gressum

to go forth or out

30

comprimere gressum

to stop, stay one’s steps (> gradior)

31

gurges –itis

m. a whirlpool, gulf; flood; wave, billow; rolling, raging sea, abyss; sea, ocean

32

gustō gustāre gustāvī gustātus

to taste (> gustus, taste)

33

habēna –ae

f. a rein; strap, thong; whip; immissis or laxis habenis, with all the reins let out, without restraint, unchecked; pressis or adductis habenis, with tightened reins (> habeo)

34

habilis –e

suited

35

habitus habitūs

m. condition, appearance

36

hāc

by this way or route; this way, here; on one side

37

haereō haerēre haesī haesūrus

to stick to, hang on to

38

hālō hālāre hālāvī hālātus

to breathe; exhale or emit odor; be fragrant or redolent

39

hastīle –is

n. the shaft of a spear; a spear, lance, javelin; a spear–like sapling or branch; a shoot (> hasta)

40

haud

not at all, by no means

41

hauriō haurīre hausī hastus

to drain

42

herba herbae

f. grass, herb

43

hērōs –ōis

m. a demigod; a hero; an illustrious man, champion, hero

44

heus

hi! hey!

45

hīberna –ōrum

n. winters

46

hībernus –a –um

(belonging to) winter

47

hiems hiemis

f. winter, winter time; rainy season; cold, frost; storm, stormy weather

48

hinc

from here, hence; henceforth

49

horrēns –entis

bristling, bristly; rough, roughening; fierce (> horreo)

50

horridus –a –um

rough, shaggy, trembling

51

hospes hospitis

m. host; guest, visitor, stranger; soldier in billets; one who billets soldiers

52

hospitium hospiti(ī)

n. hospitality

53

hostia –ae

f. a sacrificial animal; victim

54

hūc

to here, hither

55

ūmectō ūmectāre ūmectāvī ūmectātus

to moisten, bedew, bathe

56

umerus umerī

m. shoulder

57

Hymenaeus –ī

m. Hymen, the god of marriage; pl., Hymenaei, orum, (meton.), marriage

58

iactō iactāre iactāvī iactātus

to throw away, throw out, throw, jerk about; disturb; boast, discuss

59

iaculor –ātus sum

to hurl the javelin; to dart; throw, cast, hurl (> iaculum)

60

iamdūdum or iam dudum

now for a long time (+ present tense)

61

iamprīdem

some time before or since; long ago, long since

62

ibīdem

in the same place

63

īgnārus –a –um

ignorant; unaware, having no experience of; senseless; strange

64

īgnāvus –a –um

lazy, idle

65

ignōbilis –e

unknown; obscure; low, base; undistinguished, bringing no renown, ignoble

66

īgnōtus –a –um

unknown, strange; unacquainted with, ignorant of

67

illīc

there, in that place

68

inlīdō –ere –līsī –līsus

to dash upon, thrust, drive upon; dash into (> in and laedo)

69

imāgō imāginis

f. likeness, image, appearance; statue; idea; echo; ghost, phantom

70

imber imbris

m. rain, storm

71

immānis immāne

huge, monstrous

72

immineō imminēre

to threaten, be a threat (to); overhang, be imminent (+ dat.)

73

immītis –e

hard, harsh, cruel

74

immō

no indeed (contradiction); on the contrary, more correctly; indeed, nay more

75

impār –aris

unequal, in unequal combat; unequally matched

76

impellō impellere impulī impulsum

to strike against, impel

77

impiger –gra –grum

not sluggish, not inactive; quick, not backward

78

impius –a –um

disloyal, wicked

79

impleō implēre implēvī implētus

to fill up, fulfill

80

implicō implicāre implicāvī or implicuī implicitus

to fold in; involve, entangle, entwine; to wheel; (w. dat.), bind to; infuse; insinuate, mingle; se implicare, cling to

81

impōnō impōnere impōsuī impōsitus

to impose, put upon; establish; inflict; assign/place in command; set

82

imprīmīs

especially, chiefly

83

imprōvīsus –a –um

unforeseen; unlooked for, unexpected

84

inānis inānis ināne

void, empty, hollow; vain; inane; foolish

85

incautus –a –um

unguarded, heedless; unsuspecting

86

incēdō incēdere incessī incessus

to go, happen

87

incendium incendi(ī)

n. fire, conflagration; fiery heat; fiery passion/love/hostility; arson (Latham); incendiary missile; meteor; P:flames (pl.) [annonae ~ => high price of grain]

88

incendō incendere incendī incensus

to set on fire; set fire to, kindle, burn; cause to flame/burn; keep fire burning; scorch; make fiery hot (fever/thirst); light up; cause to glow; intensify; inspire, fire, rouse, excite, inflame; provoke, incense, aggravate

89

inceptum –ī

n. a beginning; deliberation; undertaking, design, purpose; measure, movement (> incipio)

90

incessus –ūs

m. a walking or advancing; a manner of walking; walk, gait (> incedo)

91

incognitus –a –um

unknown, unnoticed, unperceived; not understood

92

inconcessus –a –um

not allowed; unlawful

93

increpitō increpitāre increpitāvī increpitātus

to make a great noise; to call or cry out to; chide, blame, reproach; dare, challenge; taunt (> increpo)

94

incubō incubāre incubuī incubitus

to lie, recline upon, w. abl. or dat.; rest upon

95

incultus –a –um

uncared for, neglected, unshorn; wild; subst.,

96

inculta, orum

n. pl., waste, desert regions

97

incumbō –ere –cubuī –cubitus

to lay one's self upon; lean or recline upon; (w. dat.), lie on or stretch over; fall upon; bend to, ply; hasten, urge, press on; overhang; press or bend toward; (w. ad and acc.), lean, hang, incline

98

incūsō incūsāre incūsāvī incūsātus

to bring a cause or case against any one; to accuse, reproach, blame; without object, upbraid, complain (> in and causa)

99

incutiō –ere –cussī –cussus

to strike into or upon; add, put into (> in and quatio)

100

inde

from that place, from there, thence; from that time, thereupon

101

indīcō indīcere indīxī indictus

to proclaim, announce

102

indīgnor –ātus sum

to deem unworthy; to fret, chafe, be impatient; resent; scorn; be angry, indignant

103

induō induere induī indūtus

to put on, clothe

104

inermis inermis inerme

unarmed

105

īnfandus –a –um

not to be uttered; unutterable, inexpressible, unspeakable; cruel; dreadful, horrible; accursed, perfidious; fatal; neut., in exclamations, infandum! O shame, O woe unutterable!

106

īnfēlīx īnfēlīcis

unfortunate, unhappy

107

īnferō īnferre intulī inlātus

to bring/carry in, import; advance, bring/march/step/move foward; impel, urge; inflict/cause/inflict/impose/inspire (w/DAT); [bellum inferre => make war on]; put/throw/thrust in/on, insert; bury/inter; pay; charge as expense; append

108

īnferus –a –um

below, beneath, underneath; of hell; vile; lower, further down; lowest, last

109

īnfīgō –ere –fīxī –fīxus

to fasten in or upon, w. dat. or abl.; thrust; p.,

110

infixus, a, um

thrust deeply, deep

111

ingeminō ingemināre ingemināvī ingeminātus

to repeat; redouble, multiply, increase; shout again and again, return

112

ingemō –ere –uī –itus

to sigh or groan; (w. acc.), groan for; lament, bewail

113

inhumātus –a –um

unburied

114

inimīcus –a –um

unfriendly, hostile (+ dat.)

115

in prīmīs

at first

116

īnscius –a –um

not knowing; unaware, unwitting, ignorant; amazed, bewildered; w. gen., ignorant of

117

inscrībō inscrībere inscrīpsī inscrīptus

to write on(to), brand

118

īnsequor īnsequī īnsecūtus sum

to follow after, pursue

119

īnsīdō –ere –sēdī –sessus

to sink, take a seat, or settle upon; (w. dat.), alight upon; to be stationed or secreted in; (w. acc.), settle upon

120

īnsīgnis īnsīgnis īnsīgne

conspicuous, manifest, eminent, notable, famous, distinguished, outstanding

121

īnspīrō īnspīrāre īnspīrāvī īnspīrātus

to breathe into; inspire, impart; instill

122

īnstō īnstāre īnstitī īnstatūrus

to pursue, threaten; approach, press hard; be close to (+ dat.); stand in/on

123

īnstruō īnstruere īnstrūxī īnstrūctus

to build upon; build up; arrange, draw up ships or troops; prepare; furnish, equip, supply; support; instruct, train

124

īnsuper

above, overhead; moreover; (prep. w. abl.) besides

125

intāctus –a –um

untouched, unbroken; unhurt; untouched by the yoke, unyoked; pure; a virgin

126

intentō intentāre intentāvī intentātus

to stretch, hold out; threaten (> intendo)

127

interdum

sometimes, now and then

128

intereā

meanwhile

129

interfor –fātus sum

to speak between; interrupt

130

interior interiōris

inner, interior, middle

131

intonō intonāre intonuī

to thunder forth

132

intrāctābilis –e

that can not be handled or managed; indomitable, invincible

133

intrōgredior –gressus sum

to go within; enter (> intro and gradior)

134

intus

within, on the inside, inside; at home

135

invehō –ere –vexī –vectus

to carry into or forward; (pass.), invehi, to ride or drive; sail; w. acc. of place, sail to, arrive at, or in; enter

136

invīsus –a –um

hated, hateful, odious; (act.), inimical, an enemy, hostile

137

invius –a –um

without a way; trackless, inaccessible, impassable; difficult

138

inrigō inrigāre inrigāvī inrigātus

to water; (fig.), diffuse; pervade

139

iugō iugāre iugāvī iugātus

to yoke; (fig.), join in marriage, unite (> iugum)

140

iugum iugī

n. yoke; team, pair (of horses); ridge (mountain), summit, chain

141

iūssum iūssī

n. command, order

142

iūstitia –ae

f. righteousness, justice, equity (> iustus)

143

iuvenis iuvenis

m. youth

144

iuventa iuventae

f. youth

145

iuventūs iuventūtis

f. youth; the age of youth (20–40), young persons; young men, knights

146

lābor labī lapsus sum

to glide, slip

147

lacrimō lacrimāre lacrimāvī lacrimātus

to cry

148

laedō laedere laesī laesus

to strike; hurt, injure, wound; offend, annoy

149

laetitia laetitiae

f. joy, happiness

150

laetor laetārī laetātus sum

to be glad/joyful/delighted; rejoice; be fond (of), delight in; flourish (on/in)

151

laetus –a –um

happy

152

laeva –ae

f. (sc. manus) the left hand; ab laeva, on the left side

153

lapis lapidis

m. stone; milestone; jewel

154

laquear –āris

n. a ceiling with hollows or panels; a paneled or fretted ceiling

155

largus –a –um

ample; spacious, expansive; plentiful, copious, flowing; bountiful, free; w. gen., lavish

156

lātē

widely; far and wide; on all sides, far around; all over (> latus)

157

lateō latēre latuī

to lie hidden, be hidden

158

latex –icis

m. a liquid; liquor; wine; water

159

latus latēris

n. side, flank

160

lātus –a –um

broad, wide

161

laxus –a –um

wide, loose, spacious

162

lēniō lēnīre lēnīvī lēnītus

to mollify, alleviate

163

levō levāre levāvī levātus

to lift/raise/hold up; support; erect, set up; lift off, remove (load); comfort; undo, take off; release, rid; free from (worry/expense); refresh/restore; lighten, lessen, relieve; reduce in force/potency; bring down (cost/prices); alleviate

164

linquō linquere līquī

to leave, relinquish

165

liqueō liquēre licuī/liquī

to be fluid, be liquid; be clear to a person; be evident

166

locō locāre locāvī locātus

to place, put, station; arrange; contract (for); farm out (taxes) on contract

167

lōrum lōrī

n. thong, strap, strip of leather; shoe strap; whip; dog leash; reins

168

luctor –ārī

to wrestle, struggle, strive

169

lūcus lūcī

m. grove, wood

170

lūdō lūdere lūsī lūsus

to play, mock, tease, trick

171

lūmen luminis

n. light; lamp, torch; eye (of a person); life; day, daylight

172

lūnō lūnāre lūnāvī lūnātus

to shape like a half moon; p.,

173

lunatus, a, um

shaped like the half moon; crescent–shaped, crescent–

174

luō luere luī

to satisfy

175

lupa lupae

f. she–wolf

176

lūstrō lūstrāre lūstrāvī lūstrātus

to purify by atonement; go round the fields with the victims; hence to bless, ask for a blessing on; go or dance around an altar or the image of a god; traverse, pass across, around, or over; pass in review, parade before

177

lustrum –ī

n. bog, morass; den or haunt of wild beasts –> house of ill–repute –> debauchery; a wood, forest

178

lūxus –ūs

m. excess, extravagance; luxury, sumptuousness, magnificence; wanton pleasure, sensuality

179

lychnus –ī

m. a lamp, light

180

lympha –ae

f. clear spring water; water

181

lynx –lyncis

m./f. a lynx

182

maculōsus –a –um

covered with spots; speckled, spotted (> macula)

183

maereō –ēre

to be sorrowful, sad; mourn, grieve (cf. miser)

184

maestus –a –um

sad, sorrowful; depressing

185

māgālia –ium

n. pl huts, dwellings (> a Punic word)

186

magis

to greater extent, more nearly; rather, instead; more

187

magistrātus magistrātūs

m. magistracy, civil office; office; magistrate, functionary

188

malum malī

n. evil, misfortune, calamity

189

mamma –ae

f. the breast

190

mantēle –is

n. a handcloth, a napkin, towel

191

mātūrō mātūrāre mātūrāvī mātūrātus

to hasten

192

funale, is

n., a wax taper, candle, torch