Book 1: Part 2 Immigration And Prohibition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Book 1: Part 2 Immigration And Prohibition Deck (28):

How many immigrants came to America in the 1920's and why?

25 million
America was considered a "melting pot"


What was the red scare?

A feeling by Americans whereby they were afraid of communist ideas and those ideas spreading. This caused some people to treat immigrants with suspicion


What and when was the emergency quota act?


New immigrants limited to 3% of the total of the nationality already settled in America in 1920. MAX=357,000


What and when was the Reed-Johnson act?


Immigrants limited to 2% of the total of the nationality already settled in America in 1890. MAX=154,000


Why did people immigrate to America ( 4 mark )

To work to make money
To live the "American Dream"
To get out of overcrowded Europe
To get to a better political environment ( the could be leaving communist area )


What did immigrants do with radical ideas?

Anarchists posted pamphlets in American cities calling for the government to be overthrown.


Describe how immigrants were treated in the 1920's? ( 4 mark )

Immigrants were treated with suspicion because some were carrying communist ideas

Some immigrants were treated harshly and couldn't get jobs because of in experience and prejudice

Immigrants were checked for lice and given other racist treatment

They had hate posters against them from the intolerant Americans


What was the Monkey trial?

High profile case of Urban VS Rural USA

In six states the teaching of evolution was banned.

A teacher deliberately broke this law for the case to go to caught in this huge case of evolutionists VS fundamentalists

Urban USA won showing traditional values being abandoned even more


What was the Sacco and Vanzetti case?

Sacco and Vanzetti were convicted of of murdering 2 men in a shoe factory robbery in 1920.

They were immigrants and this case was prejudiced and very high profile

107 witnesses saw Sacco and Vanzetti elsewhere and someone else even confessed to the crime

The two men were still put to death


How many members did the KKK have?

4.5 million by 1924

Included police judges and politicians


Evidence that live changed for the better for African Americans in the 1920's? ( balance )

Life expectancy increased from 45 to 48 between 1900 and 1930

However whites increased from 54 to 59


Name three problems African Americans had to deal with?

The KKK were lynching

Media and film portrayed them negatively

Prominent figures such as police and judges were prejudice and some were actually part of the KKK


How were Native Americans treated in the 1920's?

They were treated with prejudice.
In the late 1920's a survey showed most were living in extreme poverty, had a lower life expectancy that whites and had poorer education


Evidence of improvement for Native Amercians ( with balanced evidence ) ?

In 1928 the Merriam Report proposed improvement to the laws relating to Native Americans

However these did not take place until 1934


What is the Volstead Act and when was it introduced?

Jan 1920

The manufacture, sale of transportation of intoxicating liquids within the United States for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited


Why was prohibition introduced? ( 4 mark )

There was a growing temperance in the south, by 1916, 21 states had become "dry"

Many Christians though alcohol ruined families

America's entry into WW1 caused prohibition to become popular as the main producer of beer in the world was Germany

Anti-Russian immigration feelings caused many to boycott Vodka


Evidence prohibition didn't work because of speakeasies?

By 1925, there were more speakeasies in American cities than there had been saloons in 1919


Name two organisations that supported prohibition?

Anti saloon league
The woman's Christian temperance Union


What is a bootlegger?

The go between suppliers who would transport alcohol from supplier to speakeasies


What are speakeasies?

Illegal bars in the 1920s often built on the back of real shops


What are stills?

Illegal distilleries where people made their own alcohol


What are prohibition agents?

Police officers who's sole purpose was to track down those breaking the prohibition law


Who were Izzy and Moe?

Most famous prohibition agents

They made 4,392 arrests.

They would order a drink and funnel evidence into flasks


Why couldn't prohibition agents control their areas?

Their colleagues were taking bribes to turn a "blind eye" to illegal activity


What happened at the border of the USA and Canada?

The people working at the border could not control all the land as it was so huge.

There wasn't enough people
People they did have were taking bribes

Alcohol smuggling was too big to handle


Explain why prohibition failed because of gangsters? ( 6 mark )

Organised gangs made $2 billion out of the sale of alcohol which meant people were still drinking alcohol causing prohibition to fail

Gangsters like Al Capone were very popular and liked, they opened soup kitchens. The Chicago tribunal said he served 120,000 meals. On thanksgiving 1930, he served 5000 meals. Which meant some people would not report illegal activity by them causing prohibition to fail.
-3rd option
Gangsters like Al Capone bribed important people like police officers, politicians, which helped them escape charges or not be arrested at all. This caused the failure of prohibition because breaking the law lacked consequences for gangsters


Why did prohibition fail?

Important officials were taking bribes to turn a blind eye to illegal activity

Gangsters were selling alcohol with little repercussions which encouraged more people to break the law

People were addicted to alcohol when prohibition was introduced so they would try to get some

The border of the USA and Canada could not control the amount of alcohol being smuggled


When did prohibition start and end?