Book 1, Words occurring 1 to 2 times, group 4 Flashcards Preview

Ovid, Metamorphoses Vocabulary > Book 1, Words occurring 1 to 2 times, group 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book 1, Words occurring 1 to 2 times, group 4 Deck (201):
1

lutulentus, lutulenta, lutulentum

muddy; turbid; dirty; morally polluted

2

lyceum, lycei N

gymnasium of Aristotle; Cicero's Tusculan gymnasium; high school; college

3

maculo, maculare, maculavi, maculatus

spot; pollute; dishonor, taint

4

madeo, madere, madui, -

be wet, be dripping/sodden

5

madesco, madescere, madui, -

become wet/moist

6

maereo, maerere, -, -

grieve, be sad, mourn; bewail/mourn for/lament; utter mournfully

7

magis

to greater extent, more nearly; rather, instead; more

8

manifestus, manifesta -um, manifestior -or -us, manifestissimus -a -um

detected, plainly guilty; flagrant, plain; caught in act/redhanded; undoubted

9

margo, marginis F

margin, edge, flange, rim, border; threshold; bank, retaining wall; gunwale

10

maritus, marita, maritum

nuptial; of marriage; married, wedded, united

11

marmor, marmoris N

marble, block of marble, marble monument/statue; surface of the sea

12

marmoreus, marmorea, marmoreum

marble; of marble; marble-like

13

mas, (gen.), maris

male; masculine, of the male sex; manly, virile, brave, noble; G:masculine

14

mater, matris F

mother, foster mother; lady, matron; origin, source, motherland, mother city

15

maternus, materna, maternum

maternal, motherly, of a mother

16

matutinus, matutina, matutinum

early; of the morning

17

medicinus, medicina, medicinum

of the art/practice of medicine/healing, medical

18

medico, medicare, medicavi, medicatus

heal, cure; medicate; dye

19

medulla, medullae F

marrow, kernel; innermost part; quintessence

20

mel, mellis N

honey; sweetness; pleasant thing; darling/honey

21

membrum, membri N

member, limb, organ; male genital member; apartment, room; section

22

mensis, mensis M

month

23

mensor, mensoris M

land-surveyor; surveyor of building-works

24

mentior, mentiri, mentitus sum

lie, deceive, invent; imitate; feign; pretend; speak falsely about

25

mereo, merere, merui, meritus

earn; deserve/merit/have right; win/gain/incur; earn soldier/whore pay, serve

26

mergo, mergere, mersi, mersus

dip, plunge, immerse; sink, drown, bury; overwhelm

27

metior, metiri, mensus sum

measure, estimate; distribute, mete; traverse, sail/walk through

28

metuens, metuentis (gen.), metuentior -or -us, -

fearing; afraid

29

metuo, metuere, metui, -

fear; be afraid; stand in fear of; be apprehensive, dread

30

mico, micare, micui, -

vibrate, quiver, twinkle; tremble, throb; beat; dart, flash, glitter

31

miles, militis M

soldier; foot soldier; soldiery; knight; knight's fee/service

32

mille, milis N

thousand; thousands; miles

33

mille, millis N

thousand; thousands; miles

34

mino, minare, minavi, minatus

drive; impel, push, force; threaten?

35

miro, mirare, miravi, miratus

be amazed/surprised/bewildered; look in wonder/awe/admiration at

36

mirus, mira, mirum

wonderful, strange, remarkable, amazing, surprising, extraordinary

37

miseror, miserari, miseratus sum

pity, feel sorry for; view with compassion

38

missus, missi M

messenger; legate

39

mitis, mite, mitior -or -us, mitissimus -a -um

mild, meek, gentle, placid, soothing; clement; ripe, sweet and juicy

40

modero, moderare, -, moderatus

check, slow down, control

41

moneo, monere, monui, monitus

remind, advise, warn; teach; admonish; foretell, presage

42

monimentum, monimenti N

monument

43

monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus

show; point out, reveal; advise, teach

44

montanus, montana, montanum

mountainous

45

monticola, monticolae

mountain dweller; highlander; mountaineer

46

moror, morari, moratus sum

delay; stay, stay behind; devote attention to

47

mors, mortis F

death; corpse; annihilation

48

morsus, morsus M

bite, sting; anguish, pain; jaws; teeth

49

morum, mori N

mulberry; fruit of the black mulberry

50

mos, moris M

custom, habit; mood, manner, fashion; character, behavior, morals

51

mucro, mucronis M

sword, sword point, sharp point

52

munus, muneris N

service; duty, office, function; gift; tribute, offering; bribes

53

murex, muricis M

purple fish, shellfish which gave Tyrian dye; purple dye; purple cloth

54

murmur, murmuris

murmur/mutter; whisper/rustle, hum/buzz; low noise; roar/growl/grunt/rumble

55

muscus, musci M

moss

56

mutuus, mutua, mutuum

borrowed, lent; mutual, in return

57

nanciscor, nancisci, nactus sum

obtain, get; find, meet with, receive, stumble on, light on

58

nata, natae F

daughter; child

59

natura, naturae F

nature; birth; character

60

navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatus

sail; navigate

61

navita, navitae M

sailor, seaman, mariner

62

necopinus, necopina, necopinum

unexpected; not expecting

63

nectar, nectaris N

nectar, the drink of the gods; anything sweet, pleasant or delicious

64

nefas, undeclined N

sin, violation of divine law, impious act

65

nego, negare, negavi, negatus

deny, refuse; say... not

66

neo, nere, nevi, netus

spin; weave; produce by spinning

67

nepos, nepotis

grandson/daughter; descendant; spendthrift, prodigal, playboy; secondary shoot

68

neque

nor; and not, not, neither

69

nequeo, nequire, nequivi(ii), nequitus

be unable, cannot

70

nervus, nervi M

sinew/muscle/nerve; hamstring; tendon; stringed instrument

71

nescius, nescia, nescium

unaware, not knowing, ignorant

72

neu

or not, and not

73

niger, nigra, nigrum

black, dark; unlucky

74

nil, undeclined N

nothing; no; trifle/thing not worth mentioning; nonentity; nonsense; no concern

75

nimis

very much; too much; exceedingly

76

nimius, nimia, nimium

excessive, too great

77

nisi

if not; except, unless

78

nitidus, nitida, nitidum

shining, bright

79

nitor, nitoris M

brightness, splendor; brilliance; gloss, sheen; elegance, style, polish; flash

80

nitor, niti, nixus sum

press/lean upon; struggle; advance; depend on; strive, labor

81

niveus, nivea, niveum

snowy, covered with snow; white

82

nix, nivis F

snow

83

no, nare, navi, -

swim, float

84

nobilis, nobile, nobilior -or -us, nobilissimus -a -um

noble, well born; aristocratic; outstanding; important/prominent

85

nolo, nolle, nolui, -

be unwilling; wish not to; refuse to

86

notabilis, notabilis, notabile

remarkable, notable

87

noto, notare, notavi, notatus

observe; record; brand; write, inscribe

88

noverca, novercae F

stepmother

89

noxa, noxae F

hurt, injury; crime; punishment, harm

90

nubilum, nubili N

clouds, rain clouds

91

nubs, nubis M

cloud/mist/haze/dust/smoke; sky/air; billowy formation; swarm/multitude

92

nudo, nudare, nudavi, nudatus

lay bare, strip; leave unprotected

93

nudus, nuda, nudum

nude; bare, stripped

94

numerus, numeri M

number/sum/total/rank; numerical strength/plurality; category; tally

95

numquam

never

96

nuntio, nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus

announce/report/bring word/give warning; convey/deliver/relate message/greeting

97

nusquam

nowhere; on no occasion

98

nuto, nutare, nutavi, nutatus

waver, give way

99

nutrio, nutrire, nutrivi, nutritus

suckle. breast feed; nourish/feed/fuel, supply, build up; preserve, look after

100

objicio, objicere, objeci, objectus

throw before/to, cast; object, oppose; upbraid; throw in one's teeth; present

101

obliquus, obliqua, obliquum

slanting; oblique

102

oborior, oboriri, obortus sum

arise, occur; appear, spring/rise up before; well up

103

obscurus, obscura -um, obscurior -or -us, obscurissimus -a -um

dim, dark, obscure; dusky, shadowy, only faintly/dimly seen; dingy; gloomy

104

obsequor, obsequi, obsecutus sum

yield to; humor

105

observo, observare, observavi, observatus

watch, observe; heed

106

obsideo, obsidere, obsedi, obsessus

blockade, besiege, invest, beset; take possession of

107

obsido, obsidere, -, -

besiege; occupy

108

obsisto, obsistere, obstiti, obstitus

oppose, resist; stand in the way; make a stand against, withstand

109

obsto, obstare, obstiti, -

oppose, hinder

110

obstupesco, obstupescere, obstupui, -

be stupefied; be struck dumb; be astounded

111

obtusus, obtusa, obtusum

blunt; dull; obtuse

112

obvius, obvia, obvium

in the way, easy; hostile; exposed

113

occido, occidere, occidi, occisus

kill, murder, slaughter, slay; cut/knock down; weary, be the death/ruin of

114

occido, occidere, occidi, occasus

fall, fall down; perish, die, be slain; be ruined/done for, decline, end

115

occiduus, occidua, occiduum

setting; westerly

116

occulo, occulere, occului, occultus

cover; cover up, hide, cover over, conceal

117

offero, offerre, obtuli, oblatus

offer; present; cause; bestow

118

officium, offici(i) N

duty, obligation; kindness; service, office

119

omne, omnis N

all things; everything; a/the whole, entity, unit

120

omnipotens, (gen.), omnipotentis

all-powerful, omnipotent

121

onus, oneris N

load, burden; cargo

122

opifer, opifera, opiferum

bringing help

123

opifex, opificis M

workman

124

oppidum, oppidi N

town

125

opto, optare, optavi, optatus

choose, select; wish, wish for, desire

126

oraclum, oracli N

oracle; prophecy; oracular saying/precept/maxim

127

oraculum, oraculi N

oracle; prophecy; oracular saying/precept/maxim

128

orbus, orba, orbum

bereft, deprived,childless

129

orior, oriri, ortus sum

rise; arise/emerge, crop up; get up; begin; originate from

130

os, ossis N

bone; kernel; heartwood; stone

131

ostendeo, ostendere, ostendi, -

show; reveal; make clear, point out, display, exhibit

132

ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus

show; reveal; make clear, point out, display, exhibit

133

otium, oti(i) N

leisure; spare time; holiday; ease/rest/peace/quiet; tranquility/calm; lull

134

ovis, ovis F

sheep

135

paean, paeanos/is M

hymn; Paean

136

paelex, paelicis F

mistress, concubine; male prostitute

137

paene

nearly, almost; mostly

138

palleo, pallere, pallui, -

be/look pale; fade; become pale at

139

palma, palmae F

palm/width of the hand; hand; palm tree/branch; date; palm award/first place

140

paluster, palustris, palustre

marshy; of marshes

141

parco, parcere, peperci, parsus

forbear, refrain from; spare; show consideration; be economical/thrifty with

142

parito, paritare, paritavi, paritatus

make ready

143

paro, parare, paravi, paratus

prepare; furnish/supply/provide; produce; obtain/get; buy; raise; put up; plan

144

pasco, pascere, pavi, pastus

feed, feed on; graze

145

pascuus, pascua, pascuum

used/suitable for pasture/grazing/pasture-land

146

passim

here and there; everywhere

147

passus, passus M

step, pace

148

patefacio, patefacere, patefeci, patefactus

reveal/uncover/disclose/expose; bring to light; make known/visible; dissect

149

pateo, patere, patui, -

stand open, be open; extend; be well known; lie open, be accessible

150

paternus, paterna, paternum

father's, paternal; ancestral

151

patior, pati, passus sum

suffer; allow; undergo, endure; permit

152

patria, patriae F

native land; home, native city; one's country

153

patruelis, patruelis, patruele

of a cousin

154

patulus, patula, patulum

wide open, gaping; wide-spreading

155

paveo, pavere, pavi, -

be frightened or terrified at

156

pavidus, pavida, pavidum

fearful, terrified, panicstruck

157

pax, pacis F

peace; harmony

158

pecus, pecudis F

sheep; animal

159

pecus, pecoris N

cattle, herd, flock

160

pelagus, pelagi N

sea; the open sea, the main

161

pendeo, pendere, pependi, -

hang, hang down; depend

162

penetrale, penetralis N

inner part of a place; inner shrine; sanctuary of the household gods

163

penetralis, penetralis, penetrale

inner, innermost

164

perago, peragere, peregi, peractus

disturb; finish; kill; carry through to the end, complete

165

percalesco, percalescere, percalui, -

become very warm

166

percutio, percutere, percussi, percussus

beat, strike; pierce

167

peregrinus, peregrina, peregrinum

foreign, strange, alien; exotic

168

pereo, perire, perivi(ii), peritus

die, pass away; be ruined, be destroyed; go to waste

169

perfringo, perfringere, perfregi, perfractus

break through

170

perfundo, perfundere, perfudi, perfusus

pour over/through, wet, flood, bathe; overspread, coat, overlay; imbue

171

perhorresco, perhorrescere, perhorrui, -

tremble or shudder greatly; recoil in terror from

172

periculum, periculi N

danger, peril; trial, attempt; risk; responsibility for damage, liability

173

permitto, permittere, permisi, permissus

let through; let go through; relinquish; permit, allow; entrust; hurl

174

permulceo, permulcere, permulsi, permulsus

rub gently, stroke, touch gently; charm, please, beguile; soothe, alleviate

175

pertimesco, pertimescere, pertimui, -

become very scared

176

pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus

come to; reach; arrive

177

pestifer, pestifera, pestiferum

pestilential; destructive

178

phoca, phocae F

seal

179

piceus, picea, piceum

pitch black

180

pietas, pietatis F

responsibility, sense of duty; loyalty; tenderness, goodness; pity; piety

181

piger, pigra, pigrum

lazy, slow, dull

182

pinetum, pineti N

pine-wood

183

pinus, pinus F

pine/fir tree/wood/foliage; ship/mast/oar; pinewood torch

184

piscis, piscis M

fish

185

pius, pia -um, -, piissimus -a -um

conscientious; upright; faithful; patriotic/dutiful, respectful; righteous/good

186

plaga, plagae F

stroke/blow/stripe/cut/thrust; wound/gash/scar, injury; misfortune; E:plague

187

plebs, plebis F

common people, general citizens, commons/plebeians; lower class/ranks; mob/mass

188

plenus, plena -um, plenior -or -us, plenissimus -a -um

full, plump; satisfied

189

plumbum, plumbi N

lead

190

plus, pluris N

more, too much, more than enough; more than; higher price/value

191

plus, (gen.), pluris

more; several. many

192

pluvialis, pluvialis, pluviale

rain bringing, rainy

193

pluvius, pluvia, pluvium

rainy, causing or bringing rain

194

pompa, pompae F

procession; retinue; pomp, ostentation

195

pons, pontis M

bridge

196

popularis, popularis, populare

of the people; popular

197

populifer, populifera, populiferum

producing poplars

198

populor, populari, populatus sum

ravage, devastate, lay waste; plunder; despoil, strip

199

populus, populi

poplar tree

200

populus, populi

people, nation, State; public/populace/multitude/crowd; a following

201

porrigo, porrigere, porrexi, porrectus

stretch out, extend