Book1 Flashcards Preview

>Roots, Suffixes and Prefixes > Book1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book1 Deck (500):
1

a-

no; not; without

2

an-

no; not; without

3

ab-

away from

4

abdomin/o

abdomen

5

- ac

pertaining to

6

acanth/o

spiny; thorny

7

acar/o

mites

8

acetabul/o

acetabulum (hip socket)

9

acous/o

hearing

10

acoust/o

hearing, sound

11

acr/o

extremeties; top; extreme point

12

acromi/o

acromion (extension of shoulder bone)

13

actin/o

light

14

acu/o

sharp; severe; sudden

15

-acusis

hearing

16

ad-

toward

17

-ad

toward

18

aden/o

gland

19

adenoid/o

adenoids

20

adip/o

fat

21

adren/o

adrenal gland

22

adrenal/o

adrenal gland

23

aer/o

air

24

af-

toward

25

agglutin/o

clumping; sticking together

26

-agogue

producer, leader

27

-agon

to assemble; gather

28

agora-

marketplace

29

-agra

excessive pain

30

-al

pertaining to

31

alb/o

white

32

albin/o

white

33

albumin/o

albumin (protein)

34

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

35

-algesia

sensitivity to pain

36

-algia

pain

37

all/o

other

38

alveol/o

alveolus; air sac; small sac

39

ambi-

around, on both sides, about

40

ambly/o

dim; dul

41

amphi-

around, on both sides

42

-amine

nitrogen compound

43

ammon/o

ammonium

44

amni/o

amnion (ssac surrounding the embryo)

45

amyl/o

starch

46

an/o

anus

47

-an

pertaining to

48

ana-

up; apart; backward; again; anew

49

andr/o

male

50

aneurysm/o

aneurysm (widening of blood vessel)

51

angi/o

vessel (blood)

52

anis/o

unequal

53

ankyl/o

stiff

54

ante-

before; forward

55

anter/o

front

56

anthrac/o

coal

57

anthr/o

antrum of the stomach

58

anti-

against

59

anxi/o

uneasy; anxious

60

aort/o

aorta (largest artery)

61

-apheresis

removal

62

aphth/o

ulcer

63

apo-

off; away

64

aponeur/o

aponeurosis (type of tendon)

65

append/o

appendix

66

appendic/o

appendix

67

aque/o

water

68

-ar

pertaining to

69

arachn/o

spider

70

-arche

beginning

71

arsenic/o

arsenic

72

arter/o

artery

73

arteri/o

artery

74

arteriol/o

arteriole (small artery)

75

arthr/o

joint

76

-arthria

articulate (speak distinctly)

77

articul/o

joint

78

-artresia

closure, occlusion

79

atreto-

closed, lacking an opening

80

-ary

pertaining to

81

asbest/o

asbestos

82

-ase

enzyme

83

aspir/o

removal

84

-assay

to examine, analyze

85

-asthenia

lack of strength

86

astr/o

star, star-shaped

87

aque/o

water

88

atel/o

incomplete

89

ather/o

plaque (fatty substance)

90

-ation

process; condition

91

atri/o

atrium (upper heart chamber)

92

atmo-

steam, vapor

93

audi/o

hearing

94

audit/o

hearing

95

aur/o

ear

96

auricul/o

ear

97

auscult/o

to listen

98

aut/o

self; own

99

aut-

self; own

100

auto-

self; own

101

aux/o

growth, acceleration

102

axill/o

armpit

103

axi/o

axis

104

azot/o

urea; nitrogen

105

bacill/o

bacilli (bacteria)

106

bacteri/o

bacteria

107

balan/o

glans penis

108

bar/o

pressure; weight

109

bartholin/o

Bartholin glands

110

bary-

weight, pressure

111

-basia

walking

112

bas/o

base; opposite of acid

113

batho-, bathy-

deep, depth

114

bi-

two

115

bi/o

life

116

bil/i

bile; gall

117

bilirubin/o

bilirubin

118

-blast

embryonic; immature cell

119

-blastoma

immature tumor (cells)

120

blenn/o

mucus

121

blephar/o

eyelid

122

bol/o

cast; throw

123

-boulia

will

124

brachi/o

arm

125

brachy-

short

126

brady-

slow

127

brom/o

bromine-containing compound, odor

128

bronch/o

bronchial tube

129

bronchi/o

bronchial tube

130

bronchiol/o

bronchiole

131

bucc/o

cheek

132

bunion/o

bunion

133

burs/o

bursa (sac of fluid near joints)

134

byssin/o

cotton dust

135

cac/o

bad

136

calc/o

calcium

137

calcane/o

calcaneus (heel bone)

138

calci/o

calcium

139

calcul/o, -calculia

to compute

140

cali/o

calyx

141

calic/o

calyx

142

calor/i

heat

143

campt/o

bent

144

capillar/o

capillary (tiniest blood vessel)

145

capn/o

carbon dioxide

146

-capnia

carbon dioxide

147

caps/o, capsul/o

capsule, container

148

carcin/o

cancerous; cancer

149

cari/o

caries, rottenness

150

cardi/o

heart

151

carp/o

wrist bones (carpals)

152

cata-

down

153

-cataphasia

affirmation

154

cathar/o, cathart/o

cleansing, purging

155

-cathisia, -kathisia

sitting

156

caud/o

tail; lower part of body

157

caus/o

burn; burning

158

cauter/o

heat; burn

159

cav/o, cavit/o

hollow, cavity

160

cec/o

cecum (first part of colon)

161

-cele

hernia

162

celi/o

belly; abdomen

163

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

164

centr/o

center

165

cephal/o

head

166

cerebell/o

cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)

167

cerebr/o

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

168

cerumin/o

cerumen

169

cervic/o

neck; cervix (neck of uterus)

170

-chalasia

relaxation

171

-chalasis

relaxation

172

cheil/o

lip

173

chem/o

drug; chemical

174

-chezia

defacation; elimination of wastes

175

chir/o

hand

176

chlor/o

green

177

chlorhydr/o

hydrochloric acid

178

chol/e

bile; gall

179

cholangi/o

bile; vessel

180

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

181

choledoch/o

common bile duct

182

cholesterol/o

cholesterol

183

chondr/o

cartilage

184

chore/o

dance

185

chori/o

chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)

186

chorion/o

chorion

187

choroid/o

choroid layer of eye

188

-chroia

skin coloration

189

chrom/o

color

190

chron/o

time

191

chrys/o

gold

192

chyl/o

chyle

193

chym/o

to pour

194

cib/o

meal

195

-cide

killing

196

-cidal

pertaining to killing

197

cine/o

movement

198

circum-

around

199

cirrh/o

orange-yellow

200

cis/o

to cut

201

-clasis

to break

202

-clast

to break

203

claustr/o

enclosed space

204

clavicul/o

clavicle (collar bone)

205

cleid/o

clavicle

206

clin/o

to slope, bend

207

-clysis

irragation; washing

208

coagul/o

coagulation (clotting)

209

-coccus

berry-shaped bacterium

210

coccyg/o

coccyx (tail bone)

211

cochle/o

cochlea (inner part of ear)

212

-coimesis

sleeping

213

col/o

colon (large intestine)

214

coll/a

glue

215

colon/o

colon (large intestine)

216

colp/o

vagina

217

comat/o

deep sleep

218

comi/o

to care for

219

-coma

deep sleep

220

con-

together; with

221

coni/o

dust

222

conjunctiv/o

conjuctiva (lines of eyelids)

223

consci/o

awareness, aware

224

constrict/o

narrowing, binding

225

-constriction

narrowing

226

contra-

against; opposite

227

contus/o

to bruise

228

cor/o

pupil

229

core/o

pupil

230

corne/o

cornea

231

coron/o

heart

232

corpor/o

body

233

cortic/o

cortex, outer region

234

cost/o

rib

235

cox/o

hip

236

crani/o

skull

237

cras/o

mixture; temperament

238

crin/o

secrete

239

-crine

to secrete; separate

240

-crit

to separtate

241

critic/o

crisis, dangerous

242

cry/o

cold

243

crypt/o

hidden

244

cubit/o

elbow, forearm

245

culd/o

cul-de-sac

246

cupr/o

copper

247

-cusis

hearing

248

cutane/o

skin

249

cyan/o

blue

250

cycl/o

ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle

251

-cyesis

pregnancy

252

cyst/o

urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid

253

cyt/o

cell

254

-cyte

cell

255

-cytosis

condition of cells; slight increase in numbers

256

dacry/o

tear

257

dacryoaden/o

tear gland

258

dacryocyst/o

tear sac; lacriman sac

259

dactyl/o

fingers; toes

260

de-

lack of; down; less; removal of

261

dem/o

people

262

dent/i

tooth

263

derm/o

skin

264

-derma

skin

265

dermat/o

skin

266

desicc/o

drying

267

-desis

to bind; tie together

268

dextr/o

right

269

dia-

complete; through

270

diaphor/o

sweat

271

-dilation

widening; stretching; expanding

272

dilat/o

to enlarge, expand

273

dipl/o

double

274

dips/o

thirst

275

dis-

apart, to separate

276

dist/o

far; distant

277

dolich/o

long

278

dolor/o

pain

279

dors/o

back (of body)

280

dorsi-

back

281

-dote

to give

282

-drome

to run

283

duct/o

to lead; carry

284

duoden/o

duodenum

285

dur/o

dura mater

286

dynam/o

power, strength

287

-dynia

pain

288

dys-

bad: painful: difficult: abnormal

289

-eal

pertaining to

290

ec-

out; outside

291

echin/o

spiny, prickly

292

echo-

reflected sound

293

-ectasia

dilation; dilatation; widening

294

-ectasis

dilation; dilatation; widening

295

ecto-

out; outside

296

ectro/o

congenital absence

297

-ectomy

removal; excision; resection

298

-edema

swelling

299

eight

octa-, octi-

300

-elasma

flat plate

301

electr/o

electricity

302

ele/o

oil

303

em-

in

304

-ema

condition

305

embolo/o

embolus

306

embry/o

embryo

307

-emesis

vomiting

308

-emia

blood condition

309

-emic

pertaining to blood condition

310

emmetr/o

in due measure

311

-emphraxis

stoppage, obstruction

312

en-

in; within

313

enanti/o

opposite, opposed

314

encephal/o

brain

315

end-

in; within

316

endo-

in; within

317

enter/o

intestines (usually small intestine)

318

eosin/o

red; rosy; dawn-colored

319

epi-

above; upon; on

320

epididym/o

epididymis

321

epiglott/o

epiglottis

322

episi/o

vulva

323

epitheli/o

skin; epithelium

324

equi-

equality, equal

325

equin/o

horse

326

-er

one who

327

erg/o

work

328

erethism/o

irritation

329

erythem/o

flushed; redness

330

erythr/o

red

331

eschar/o

scab

332

-esis

action; condition; state of

333

eso-

inward

334

esophag/o

esophagus

335

esthes/o

nervous sensation

336

esthesi/o

nervous sensation

337

-esthesia

nervous sensation

338

estr/o

female

339

ethm/o

sieve

340

eti/o

cause

341

eu-

good; normal

342

-eurysm

widening

343

ex-

out; away from

344

exanthemat/o

rash

345

exo-

out; away from

346

extra-

outside

347

faci/o

face

348

-facient

to cause, make happen

349

fasci/o

fascia (membrane supporting muscles)

350

febr/i

fever

351

femor/o

femur (thigh bone)

352

-ferent

to carry

353

ferr/i, ferr/o

iron

354

fet/o

fetus

355

fibr/o

fiber

356

fibros/o

fibrous connective tissue

357

fibul/o

fibula

358

-fication

process of making

359

-fida

split

360

fil/i, fil/o, filament/o

threat, threadlike

361

five

pent-, penta-, quinque-

362

flav/o

yellow

363

flex/o

to bend

364

fluor/o

luminous

365

follicul/o

follicle; small sac

366

fore-

before, in front

367

-form

resembling; in the shape of

368

four

quadri, tetra-

369

fovea/o

small pit or depression

370

frig/o, frigid/o

cold

371

funct/o

performance

372

fung/i

fungus; mushroom (organism lacking chlorophyll)

373

furc/o

forking; branching

374

fusc/o

dark brown

375

-fusion

to pour; to come together

376

galact/o

milk

377

ganglion/o

ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies

378

gastr/o

stomach

379

gel/o

to freeze, congeal

380

gemell/o

twins

381

-gen

substance that produces

382

-genesis

producing; forming

383

-genic

produced by or in

384

geni/o

chin

385

genit/o

reproduction

386

ge/o

earth, soil

387

ger/o

old age

388

geront/o

old age

389

gest/o

pregnancy

390

gester/o

pregnancy

391

gigant/o

huge

392

gingiv/o

gum

393

glauc/o

gray

394

gli/o

glial cells; neuroglial cells

395

-globin

protein

396

-globulin

protein

397

glomerul/o

glomerulus

398

gloss/o

tongue

399

gluc/o

glucose; sugar

400

glyc/o

glucose; sugar

401

glycogen/o

glycogen; animal starch

402

glycos/o

glucose; sugar

403

gnath/o

jaw

404

gnos/o

knowledge

405

gon/o

seed

406

gonad/o

sex glands

407

goni/o

angle

408

-grade

to go

409

-gram

record

410

granul/o

granule(s)

411

-graph

instrument for recording

412

graph/o

writing

413

-graphy

process of recording

414

gravid/o

pregnancy

415

-gravida

pregnant woman

416

gynec/o

woman; female

417

gyr/o

circle, spiral

418

hallucin/o

hallucination

419

hapl/o

simple, single

420

helc/o

ulcer

421

heli/o

sun

422

-helminth

worm

423

hem/o

blood

424

hemat/o

blood

425

hemi-

half

426

hemoglobin/o

hemoglobin

427

hepat/o

liver

428

heredo-

heredity

429

herni/o

hernia

430

-hexia

habit

431

hidr/o

sweat

432

hirsut/o

hairy

433

hirund/i

leech

434

hist/o

tissue

435

histi/o

tissue

436

holo-

entire, complete

437

home/o

sameness; unchanging; constant

438

hormon/o

hormone

439

hymen/o

hymen

440

humer/o

humerous

441

hydr/o

water

442

hygr/o

moisture

443

hyper-

above; excessive

444

hypn/o

sleep

445

hypo-

deficient; below; under; less than normal

446

hypophys/o

pituitary gland

447

hypothalam/o

hypothalamus

448

hypsi-

high

449

hyster/o

uterus; womb

450

demi

half

451

hemi

half

452

semi

half

453

-ia

condition

454

-iac

pertaining to

455

-iasis

abnormal condition

456

iatr/o

physician; treatment

457

-ic

pertaining to

458

-ical

pertaining to

459

ichthy/o

dry; scaly

460

-ician

specialist

461

-icle

small

462

ide/o

idea, mental images

463

idi/o

unknown; individual; distinct

464

ile/o

ileum

465

ili/o

ilium

466

immun/o

immune; protection; safe

467

in-

in; into; not

468

-in

a substance, chemical, chemical compound

469

-ine

a substance, chemical, chemical compound

470

-ine

pertaining to

471

infra-

below; inferior to; beneath

472

inguin/o

groin

473

insulin/o

insulin (pancreatic hormone)

474

inter-

between

475

intra-

within; into

476

iod/o

iodine

477

ion/o

ion; to wander

478

-ion

process

479

-ior

pertaining to

480

ipsi-

same

481

ir-

in

482

ir/o

iris (colored portion of eye)

483

irid/o

iris (colored portion of eye)

484

is/o

same; equal

485

isch/o

to hold back; back

486

ischi/o

ischium (part of hip bone)

487

-ism

process; condition

488

-ist

specialist

489

ithy-

erect, straight

490

-itis

inflammation

491

-ium

structure; tissue

492

ixod/i

ticks

493

juxta-

near

494

jaund/o

yellow

495

jejun/o

jejunum

496

kal/i

potassium

497

kary/o

nucleus

498

kel/o

tumor, fibrous growth

499

kerat/o

cornea; hard, horny tissue

500

keraun/o

lightning