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Flashcards in Book12 Deck (200):
1

rabies

disease passed on by the bite of an infected animal (causing madness and death)

2

hygiene

science and practice of the promotion and preservation of health; ADJ. hygienic: showing careful attention to cleanness (to prevent disease); Ex. hygienic condition

3

hyperbole

exaggeration; overstatement; ADJ. hyperbolic: of hyperbole; of a hyperbola

4

hypercritical

excessively exacting; too critical (without noticing good qualities)

5

hypochondriac

person unduly worried about his health; worrier without cause about illness; ADJ. CF. hypochondria: neurosis that one is or is becoming ill; CF. abdomen

6

hypocritical

pretending to be virtuous; deceiving; N. hypocrisy: profession of beliefs one does not possess; CF. hypocrite

7

hypothetical

based on assumptions or hypotheses; supposed; N. hypothesis

8

ichthyology

study of fish; CF. ichthyo-: fish

9

icon(ikon)

religious image; idol; image or representation

10

iconoclastic

attacking cherished traditions; N. iconoclast: one who attacks traditional ideas; one who destroys sacred images

11

ideology

system of ideas characteristic of a group or culture

12

idiom

expression whose meaning as a whole differs from the meanings of its individual words; distinctive style (of expression); Ex. idiom of the modern popular music; ADJ. idiomatic

13

idiosyncrasy

individual trait usually odd in nature; behavioral peculiarity; eccentricity; attitude, behavior, or opinion peculiar to a person; anything highly individual or eccentric; ADJ. idiosyncratic

14

idolatry

worship of idols; excessive admiration or devotion; ADJ. idolatrous

15

idyllic

charmingly carefree; simple and happy; Ex. idyllic scene

16

idyll(idyl)

short poem idealizing rural life; simple happy period of life (in the country); scene from such a time; Ex. idyll of two young lovers

17

igneous

produced by fire; of fire; volcanic; (of rocks) formed from lava; Ex. igneous meteorite

18

ignite

kindle; light; catch fire or set fire to

19

ignoble

unworthy; not noble; dishonorable; Ex. ignoble deed

20

ignominy

deep disgrace; shame or dishonor; ADJ. ignominious; Ex. ignominous defeat

21

illicit

illegal

22

illimitable

infinite; limitless

23

illuminate

brighten; clear up or make understandable; enlighten; enable to understand; Ex. illuminating remarks

24

illusion

misleading vision or visual image; false idea or belief; CF. delusion

25

illusive

deceiving; based on illusion; causing illusion; deceptive

26

illusory

illusive; deceptive; not real

27

imbalance

lack of balance or symmetry; disproportion

28

disproportion

lack of proportion (between the parts); ADJ. disproportionate

29

imbecility

weakness of mind; state of being an imbecile; N. imbecile: stupid person; fool

30

imbibe

drink in

31

imbroglio

complicated situation (as in a play); painful or complex misunderstanding (as in a play); entanglement; confused mass (as of papers); V. embroil

32

imbue

saturate(soak thoroughly); fill; Ex. imbue someone with feelings

33

immaculate

spotless; flawless; absolutely clean

34

tenant

one that pays rent to use property owned by another

35

tenancy

possession of land or building by rent; period of a tenant's occupancy

36

imminent

impending; near at hand

37

immobility

state of being immovable

38

immolate

offer or kill as a sacrifice (by fire)

39

immune

resistant to; free or exempt from; N. immunity

40

immure

imprison; shut up in confinement; CF. wall

41

immutable

unchangeable

42

impair

injure; hurt; damage

43

impale

pierce (with a sharp point); Ex. impaled by the spear

44

impalpable

imperceptible(not easily understood); intangible; OP. palpable: tangible; easily perceptible

45

impartial

not biased; fair; N. impartiality

46

impart

grant a share of; make known; Ex. news to impart

47

impassable

not able to be traveled or crossed

48

impasse

predicament(dangerous condition) from which there is no escape; situation allowing for no further progress

49

impassive

without feeling; expressionless; imperturbable; stoical; Ex. impassive face

50

impeach

charge (a public official) with crime in office; raise doubts about; indict; Ex. impeach a witness's credibility

51

impeccable

faultless

52

credential

evidence concerning one's authority; written proof of a person's position; Ex. The new ambassador presented his credentials to the court.

53

impecunious

without money

54

impede

hide; retard or obstruct the progress of; block

55

retard

delay (in development); ADJ. retarded: (as of a child) slower in development

56

impediment

hindrance; stumbling-block; speech defect preventing clear articulation; Ex. speech impediment

57

impel

drive or force onward; drive to take action; urge to action

58

impending

nearing; approaching; about to happen

59

impenetrable

not able to be pierced or entered; beyond understanding; impossible to understand; Ex. impenetrable mystery

60

impenitent

not repentant

61

imperative

absolutely necessary; that must be done; critically important; expressing command; Ex. It is imperative that; N: something that must be done

62

imperceptible

unnoticeable; impossible to perceive; undetectable

63

imperial

like an emperor; related to an empire; CF. imperialism

64

imperil

put in danger

65

imperious

domineering; too commanding; haughty; CF. imperial/emperor

66

impermeable

impervious; not permitting passage through its substance; impossible to permeate

67

impertinent

insolent; rude; not pertinent; N. impertinence

68

imperturbable

unshakably calm; placid

69

collected

composed; calm; self-possessed

70

impervious

impenetrable; incapable of being damaged or distressed; incapable of being affected (in one's opinions); Ex. impervious to water/criticism

71

impetuous

violent; hasty; rash; impulsive; without careful thought; Ex. impetuous decision

72

impetus

moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse

73

impiety

irreverence; lack of respect for God or piety

74

impinge

infringe; encroach; influence; touch; collide with; Ex. The effects are impinging on every aspect of our lives.

75

impious

irreverent

76

implacable

incapable of being pacified; impossible to appease; Ex. implacable enemy

77

implausible

unlikely (to be true); unbelievable; Ex. implausible alibi

78

implement

put into effect; enforce; carry out; supply with tools; Ex. implement the plan/suggestion; N: tool or instrument

79

implicate

incriminate; involve incriminatingly; show to be involved (in a crime); Ex. implicate someone in the crime

80

implication

something hinted at or suggested; implying; implicating

81

implicit

understood but not stated; implied; unquestioning and complete; Ex. implicit trust

82

implode

burst inward; CF. vaccum tube

83

implore

beg

84

imply

suggest a meaning not expressed; signify

85

impolitic

not wise; not expedient; not politic

86

imponderable

weightless; that cannot undergo precise evaluation; CF. pound

87

import

significance; importance; meaning

88

significant

expressing a meaning; important; Ex. significant smile; N. significance: importance; meaning; V. signify: denote; mean; signal; make known; matter; be significant

89

importunate

urging; always demanding; troublesomely urgent or persistent

90

importune

beg persistently; make repeated requests (in an annoying way)

91

imposture

assuming a false identity; masquerade; CF. impostor

92

masquerade

wear a mask or disguise; pretend; N: costume party or ball at which masks are worn; pretense; disguise

93

impotent

weak; ineffective; lacking in physical strength or power

94

crave

desire; want intensely

95

imprecation

curse; swearword

96

impregnable

invulnerable; impossible to capture or enter by force; Ex. impregnable fort/argument; CF. take

97

impregnate

make pregnant; fill thoroughly; saturate

98

impromptu

without previous preparation; off the cuff(end of a sleeve); on the spur of the moment

99

impropriety

improperness; unsuitableness

100

improvident

thriftless; not providing for the future

101

improvise

compose on the spur of the moment

102

imprudent

lacking caution; not prudent; injudicious

103

impudence

impertinence; insolence

104

impugn

dispute or contradict (often in an insulting way); attack as false or questionable; challenge; gainsay; CF. fight

105

impuissance

powerlessness; feebleness

106

impunity

freedom from punishment or harm; CF. punish

107

impute

attribute; ascribe; charge; N. imputation

108

inadvertently

unintentionally; by oversight; carelessly

109

oversee

watch over and direct; supervise; N. oversight: unintentional failure to notice or do something; supervision

110

inalienable

not to be taken away; nontransferable; Ex. inalienable rights

111

inane

silly; senseless; Ex. inane remarks; N. inanity

112

inanimate

lifeless; not animate

113

inarticulate

speechless; producing indistinct speech; not articulate; not expressing oneself clearly

114

speechless

unable for the moment to speak (because of strong feeling); Ex. speechless with anger

115

inaugurate

begin formally; install in office; induct into office by a formal ceremony; N. inauguration; ADJ. inaugural

116

incandescent

strikingly bright; shining with intense heat; emitting visible light when heated; Ex. incandescent light bulb; CF. candle

117

incantation

singing or chanting of magic spells; magical formula; (the saying of) words used in magic; CF. enchant

118

chant

tune(melody) in which a number of words are sung on the same note; V: sing (a chant); utter (a slogan) in the manner of a chant

119

charm

quality of pleasing; amulet; action or formula thought to have magical power; spell; V: attract; cast a spell on; bewitch

120

bewitch

cast a spell over; captivate completely

121

recite

repeat aloud (something learned); describe; Ex. recite his complaints; N. recitation

122

recital

act of reciting publicly; detailed account; performance of music or dance (by a solo performer)

123

incapacitate

disable; N. incapacity: lack of capacity

124

incarcerate

imprison

125

incarnate

endowed with flesh; invested with bodily form; personified; Ex. devil incarnate; V: give bodily form to; embody

126

incarnation

act of assuming a human body and human nature; one who personifies something; personification; Ex. previous incarnation/reincarnation

127

personify

represent (an inanimate object) as a person; be the embodiment or perfect example of; Ex. She is evil/patience personified; N. personification

128

incendiary

arsonist; ADJ: causing fire; of arson; Ex. incendiary bomb

129

incense

enrage; infuriate(make furious); make extremely angry; outrage; N: aromatic substance burned to produce a pleasant odor

130

incentive

spur; motive; something which encourages one to greater activity

131

inception

start; beginning

132

incessant

uninterrupted; unceasing

133

inchoate

(of desire, wish, plan) recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary; elementary; Ex. inchoate mass

134

incidence

rate of occurrence; particular occurrence; Ex. high incidence of infant mortality

135

incidental

not essential; minor; N: something incidental

136

incident

event; event that causes a crisis

137

incinerate

burn to ashes

138

incipient

beginning; in an early stage

139

incisive

(appreciatively) cutting; sharp; Ex. incisive remarks; V. incise: make a cut into

140

incite

arouse to action; goad; motivate; induce to exist; Ex. incite a riot/the crowd to rebellion

141

inclement

stormy; unkind; unmerciful; CF. clement

142

incline

slope; slant; Ex. steep incline

143

inclined

tending or leaning toward; bent; V. incline: slant; dispose; be disposed; tend

144

tend

have a tendency; take care of; minister; serve at; apply one's attention; attend

145

inclusive

tending to include all; all-inclusive; Ex. inclusive charge

146

incognito

with identity concealed; using an assumed name; ADJ.

147

incoherent

unintelligible; muddled; unable to express one's thoughts in an orderly manner; illogical; lacking cohesion; not coherent

148

incommodious

not spacious; inconvenient

149

incompatible

inharmonious; N. incompatibility

150

incongruity

lack of harmony; absurdity; ADJ. incongruous: lacking in harmony; inappropriate

151

attire

clothe; N: clothing; array; apparel

152

inconsequential

insignificant; unimportant

153

inconsistency

state of being self-contradictory; lack of uniformity or steadiness; ADJ. inconsistent: displaying a lack of consistency; erratic; contradictory; incompatible

154

incontinent

lacking self-restraint; not continent; licentious

155

incontrovertible

indisputable; impossible to dispute; not open to question; unquestionable

156

incorporate

introduce something into a larger whole; include; embody; give material form to; ADJ.

157

incorporeal

without a material body; insubstantial

158

incorrigible

uncorrectable

159

incredulity

tendency to disbelief

160

incredulous

withholding belief; skeptical; showing disbelief

161

increment

increase

162

incriminate

accuse of or implicate in a crime; serve as evidence against; cause to seem or make guilty of a crime; Ex. incriminating evidence

163

incrustation

hard coating or crust; V. incrust: encrust; cover with a crust

164

incubate

hatch; warm (eggs) with the body to promote hatching; maintain at optimal environment conditions for development; be holding in one's body an infection which is going to develop into a disease; N. incubation; CF. incubation:disease

165

inasmuch_as

since; owing to the fact that

166

incubus

burden; very worriying problem; mental care; nightmare; male devil; CF. succubus

167

inculcate

teach (ideas or principles); instill

168

incumbent

obligatory; imposed as an obligation; currently holding an office; N: person who holds an office

169

incur

bring upon oneself

170

incursion

temporary invasion; CF. excursion: short journey

171

indefatigable

tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired

172

indelible

not able to be erased

173

indemnify

make secure against damage or loss; compensate for damage or loss; CF. make uninjured

174

indentation

notch; deep recess; V. indent; CF. tooth

175

indenture

bind as servant or apprentice to master; bind by indenture; N: contract binding one party into the service of another for a specified time (as between an apprentice and his master)

176

indeterminate

uncertain; not clearly fixed; indefinite

177

indicative

suggestive; implying; serving to indicate

178

indices

signs; indications; Ex. indices of a student's potential; CF. index: something that reveals or indicates; sign; Ex. cost-of-living index

179

indict

charge; N. indictment

180

indifferent

unmoved or unconcerned by; having no interest in; mediocre; neither good nor bad

181

indigence

poverty

182

indigenous

native; Ex. plant indigenous to the New World

183

indigent

poor; destitute

184

indignation

anger at an injustice; Ex. righteous indignation; ADJ. indignant

185

righteous

morally upright; just

186

rightful

legally correct; Ex. rightful owner

187

indignity

treatment or situation that causes shame or loss of dignity, respect; offensive or insulting treatment; humiliating or degrading treatment; Ex. I suffered the indignity of having to say that in front of them.

188

indiscriminate

choosing at random; confused; not based on careful distinctions

189

indisputable

too certain to be disputed; beyond doubt

190

indissoluble

permanent; impossible to dissolve or disintegrate

191

indite

write; compose

192

indolent

lazy

193

indomitable

unconquerable; unyielding

194

indubitable

unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable

195

induce

persuade; lead to do something; bring about; N. inducement

196

inductive

pertaining to induction or proceeding from the specific to the general

197

induct

place formally in office; install; admit as a member; initiate; N. induction: inducting; process of deriving general principles from particular facts

198

indulgent

humoring; yielding; lenient; showing indulgence

199

indulge

yield to; gratify; allow oneself a special pleasure; Ex. indulge one's every whim/a child/in a big cigarette; N. indulgence

200

humor

indulge; comply with the wishes of; N. quality that makes something amusing; state of mind; mood; Ex. in a bad humor; Ex. out of humor