Book2 Flashcards Preview

>Roots, Suffixes and Prefixes > Book2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Book2 Deck (500):
1

keraun/o

lightning

2

kern-

nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)

3

ket/o

ketones; acetones

4

keton/o

ketones; acetones

5

kines/o

movement

6

kinesi/o

movement

7

-kinesis

movement

8

klept/o

to steal

9

koil/o

hollow, concave, depressed

10

kraur/o

dry

11

kym/o

waves

12

kyph/o

humpback

13

-labile

unstable, perishable

14

labi/o

lip

15

lacrim/o

tear; tear duct; lacrimal duct

16

lact/o

milk

17

lal/o, -lalia

speech, babble

18

lamin/o

lamina

19

lampr/o

clear

20

lapar/o

abdominal wall; abdomen

21

-lapse

to slide, fall, sag

22

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

23

later/o

side

24

lecith/o

yolk, ovum

25

lei/o

smooth

26

leiomy/o

smooth (visceral) muscle

27

-lemma

sheath; covering

28

lepid/o

Flakes, scales

29

lepr/o

leprosy

30

-lepsy

seizure

31

lept/o

thin, slender

32

-leptic

to seize, take hold of

33

leth/o

death

34

leuk/o

white

35

levo-

left

36

lex/o

word; phrase

37

-lexia

word; phrase

38

lien/o

spleen

39

ligament/o

ligament

40

ligat/o

binding, tying

41

lim/o

hunger

42

lingu/o

tongue

43

lip/o

fat; lipid

44

-lipsis

omit, fail

45

-listhesis

condition of stones

46

lith/o

stone, calculus

47

-lithotomy

incision (for removal) of a stone

48

lob/o

lobe

49

logad/o

whites of the eyes

50

-logist

specialist

51

log/o

study

52

-logy

study (process of)

53

loph/o

ridge

54

lord/o

curve; swayback

55

lox/o

oblique, slanting

56

-lucent

to shine

57

lumb/o

lower back; loin

58

lumin/o

light

59

lute/o

yellow

60

lux/o

to slide

61

lymph/o

lymph

62

ly/o

to dissolve, loosen

63

lymphaden/o

limph gland (node)

64

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

65

-lysis

breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening

66

-lytic

to reduce, destroy, separate; breakdown

67

macro-

large

68

mal-

bad

69

-malacia

softening

70

malleol/o

malleolus

71

mamm/o

breast

72

mandibul/o

mandible (lower jaw bone)

73

-mania

obsessive preoccupation

74

-masesis

mastication, chewing

75

mast/o

breast

76

mastoid/o

mastoid process (behind the ear)

77

maxill/o

maxilla (upper jaw bone)

78

meat/o

meatus (opening)

79

medi/o

middle

80

medic/o

to heal, healing

81

mediastin/o

mediastinum

82

medi/o

middle

83

medull/o

medulla (inner section); middle; soft, marrow

84

mega-

large

85

-megaly

enlargement

86

melan/o

black

87

mel/o

limb, limbs

88

men/o

menses; menstruation

89

mening/o

meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord & brain)

90

meningi/o

meninges

91

ment/o

mind; chin

92

mer/o

part

93

meso-

middle

94

meta-

change; beyond

95

metacarp/o

metacarpals (hand bones)

96

metatars/o

metatarsals (foot bones)

97

-meter

measure

98

method/o

procedure, technique

99

metr/o

uterus (womb); measure

100

metri/o

uterus (womb)

101

-metry

process of measuring

102

mi/o

smaller; less

103

micro-

small

104

-mimesis

imitation, simulation

105

-mimetic

mimic; copy

106

-mission

to send

107

-mnesia

memory

108

mogi-

difficult

109

mon/o

one; single

110

morph/o

shape; form

111

mort/o

death

112

-mortem

death

113

-motor

movement

114

muc/o

mucus

115

mucos/o

mucous membrane (mucosa)

116

multi-

many

117

muscul/o

muscle

118

mut/a

genetic change

119

mutagen/o

causing genetic change

120

my/o

muscle

121

myc/o

fungus

122

mydr/o

wide

123

myel/o

spinal cord; bone marrow

124

myocardi/o

myocardium (heart muscle)

125

myom/o

muscle tumor

126

myos/o

muscle

127

myring/o

tympanic membrane (eardrum)

128

myx/o

mucus

129

narc/o

numbness; stupor; sleep

130

nas/o

nose

131

nat/i

birth

132

natr/o

sodium

133

necr/o

death

134

nect/o

to bind, tie, connect

135

neo-

new

136

nephr/o

kidney

137

neur/o

nerve

138

neutr/o

neither; neutral; neutrophil

139

nid/o

nest

140

nine

noni-

141

noci-

to cause harm, injury or pain

142

noct/o

night

143

nod/o

knot

144

-noia

mind, will

145

nom/o

custom, law

146

nomen-

name

147

norm/o

rule; order

148

nos/o

disease

149

nucle/o

nucleus

150

nulli-

none

151

nutri/o, nutrit/o

to nourish

152

nyct/o

night

153

obstetr/o

pregnancy; birth

154

ocul/o

eye

155

odont/o

tooth

156

odyn/o

pain

157

-oid

resembling; derived from

158

-ole

little; small

159

ole/o

oil

160

olecran/o

olecranon (elbow)

161

olig/o

scanty

162

om/o

shoulder

163

-oma

tumor; mass; fluid collection

164

omphal/o

umbilicus (navel)

165

onc/o

tumor

166

-one

hormone

167

one

mono, uni

168

one and a half

bi, di

169

onych/o

nail (of fingers or toes)

170

o/o

egg

171

oophor/o

ovary

172

-opaque

obscure

173

ophry/o

eyebrow

174

ophthalm/o

eye

175

-opia

vision condition

176

opisth/o

backward, behind

177

-opsia

vision condition

178

-opsy

view of

179

opt/o

eye; vision

180

optic/o

eye; vision

181

-or

one who

182

or/o

mouth

183

orch/o

testis

184

orchi/o

testis

185

orchid/o

testis

186

-orexia

appetite

187

organ/o

organ

188

orth/o

straight

189

osche/o

scrotum

190

-ose

full of; pertaining to; sugar

191

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

192

-osmia

smell

193

osphresi/o

sense of smell

194

ossicul/o

ossicle (small bone)

195

oste/o

bone

196

-ostosis

condition of bone

197

ot/o

ear

198

-otia

ear condition

199

-ous

pertaining to

200

ov/o

egg

201

ovari/o

ovary

202

ovul/o

egg

203

ox/o

oxygen

204

-oxia

oxygen

205

oxy-

swift; sharpp; acid

206

oxysm/o

sudden

207

pachy-

heavy; thick

208

-pagus

conjoined twins

209

palat/o

palate (roof of mouth)

210

pale/o

old

211

pali-

recurrence, repetition

212

palliat/o

to soothe, relieve

213

palpebr/o

eyelid

214

palp/o, palpat/o

to touch gently

215

palpit/o

flutter, throbbing

216

pan-

all

217

pancreat/o

pancreas

218

pant/o

all, whole

219

papill/o

nipple-like; optic disc

220

papul/o

papule, pimple

221

par-

other than; abnormal

222

para-

near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of

223

-para

to bear, bring forth (live births)

224

-parous

to bear, bring forth

225

parasit/o

parasite

226

parathyroid/o

parathyroid glands

227

-paresis

weakness

228

-pareunia

sexual intercourse

229

-partum

birth; labor

230

patell/a

patella

231

patell/o

patela

232

path/o

disease

233

-pathy

disease; emotion

234

pector/o

chest

235

pedicul/o

louse

236

ped/o

child; foot

237

pelv/i

pelvis; hip region

238

pelv/o

pelvis; hip region

239

pend/o

to hang

240

-penia

deficiency

241

-pepsia

digestion

242

per-

through

243

percuss/o

to tap

244

peri-

surrounding

245

perine/o

perineum

246

peritone/o

peritoneum

247

per/o

deformed, maimed

248

perone/o

fibula

249

perspir/o

breathe through

250

petr/o

stone, petrous region of temporal bone

251

-pexy

fixation; to put in place

252

phac/o

lens of eye

253

phag/o

eat; swallow

254

-phage

eat; swallow

255

-phagia

eating; swallowing

256

phak/o

lens of eye

257

phalang/o

phalanges (of fingers and toes)

258

phall/o

penis

259

phaner/o

visible, apparent

260

pharmac/o

drug

261

pharmaceut/o

drug

262

pharyng/o

throat (pharynx)

263

phas/o

speech

264

-phasia

speech

265

phe/o

dusky; dark

266

-pheresis

removal

267

phil/o

like; love; attraction to

268

-phil

attraction for

269

-philia

attraction for

270

phim/o

muzzle

271

phleb/o

vein

272

phob/o

fear

273

-phobia

fear

274

phon/o

voice; sound

275

-phonia

voice; sound

276

-phor/o

to bear

277

-phoresis

carrying; transmission

278

-phoria

to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)

279

phosphat/o

phosphate

280

phot/o

light

281

phren/o

diaphragm; mind

282

-phthisis

wasting away

283

-phylaxis

protection

284

phyl/o

race, species, type

285

physi/o

nature; function

286

physic/o

physical, natural

287

-physis

to grow

288

phys/o

air, gas

289

phyt/o

plant

290

-phyte

plant

291

picr/o

bitter

292

pies/i, -piesis

pressure

293

pil/o

hair

294

pimel/o

fat, fatty

295

pineal/o

pineal gland

296

pin/o

to drink

297

pituitar/o

pituitary gland

298

-plakia

plaque

299

plan/o

flat, level, wandering

300

plant/o

sole of the foot

301

plas/o

development; formation

302

-plasia

development; formation

303

-plasm

formation; structure

304

-plastic

pertaining to formation

305

-plasty

surgical repair

306

platy-

broad, flat

307

ple/o

more; many

308

-plegia

paralysis; palsy

309

-plegic

paralysis; palsy

310

pleur/o

pleura

311

plex/o

plexus; network (of nerves)

312

-pnea

breathing

313

pneum/o

lung; air; gas

314

pneumon/o

lung; air; gas

315

pod/o

foot

316

-poiesis

formation

317

-poietin

substance that forms

318

poikil/o

varied; irregular

319

pol/o

extreme

320

polio-

gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)

321

poly-

many; much

322

polyp/o

polyp; small growth

323

pont/o

pons ( a part of the brain)

324

por/o, -pore

opening, passageway

325

-porosis

condition of pores (spaces)

326

-posia

drinking

327

posit/o

arrangement, place

328

post-

after; behind

329

poster/o

back (of body); behind

330

-prandial

meal

331

-praxia

action

332

pre-

before; in front of

333

presby/o

old age

334

primi-

first

335

pro-

before; forward

336

proct/o

anus and rectum

337

pros-

before; forward

338

pros/o

forward, anterior

339

prosop/o

face

340

prostat/o

prostate gland

341

prot/o

first

342

prote/o

protein

343

proxim/o

near

344

prurit/o

itching

345

psamm/o

sand, sand-like material

346

pseudo-

FALSE

347

psor/o

itching

348

psych/o

mind

349

psychr/o

cold

350

-pterygium

abnormality of the conjunctiva

351

-ptosis

droop; sag; prolapse; protrude

352

ptyal/o

saliva

353

-ptysis

spitting

354

pub/o

pubis (anterior part of hip bone)

355

pulmon/o

lung

356

puls/o, pulsat/o

to beat, beating

357

-puncture

to pierce a surface

358

pupill/o

pupil (dark center of eye)

359

purpur/i

purple

360

purul/o

pus

361

py/o

pus

362

pycn/o

thick, dense

363

pyel/o

renal pelvis

364

pyl/e

portal vein

365

pylor/o

pylorus; pyloric sphincter

366

pyr/o

fever; fire

367

pyret/o

fever

368

pyrex/o

fever

369

quadri-

four, square

370

qual-

quality, characteristic

371

quant-

how much

372

quasi-

to some degree, as if

373

quart-

fourth, four

374

quer-

to seek, search

375

quercin

oak

376

quint-

fifth, five

377

quota-

how many

378

rachi/o

spinal column; vertebrae

379

radi/o

x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)

380

radicul/o

nerve root

381

re-

back; again; backward

382

-receptor, -ceptor

receiver

383

rect/o

rectum

384

ren/o

kidney

385

respir/o

breath

386

resuscit/o

to revive

387

reticul/o

network

388

retin/o

retina

389

retro-

behind; back; backward

390

rhabd/o

rod

391

rhabdomy/o

striated (skeletal) muscle

392

rhe/o

flow, current, stream

393

rheumat/o

watery flow

394

rhin/o

nose

395

rhiz/o

root

396

rhod/o

red, rosy

397

rhytid/o

wrinkle

398

roentgen/o

x-rays

399

rose/o

rosy

400

rot/o, rotat/o

turn, revolve

401

-rrhage

bursting forth (of blood)

402

-rrhagia

bursting forth (of blood)

403

-rrhaphy

suture

404

-rrhea

flow; discharge

405

-rrhexis

rupture

406

rhythm/o

rhythm

407

rubr/o, rubr/i

red

408

sacchar/o

sugar

409

sacr/o

sacrum

410

salping/o

fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube

411

-salpinx

fallopian tube; oviduct

412

sangu/i

blood

413

sanit/a

health

414

sapr/o

rotten, decay

415

sarc/o

flesh (connective tissue)

416

scapul/o

scapula; shoulder blade

417

-schisis

to split

418

schist/o

split, cleft

419

schiz/o

split

420

sinistr/o

left

421

scint/i

spark

422

scirrh/o

hard

423

scler/o

sclera (white of eye)

424

-sclerosis

hardening

425

scolec/o

worm

426

scoli/o

crooked; bent

427

-scope

instrument for visual examination

428

-scopy

visual examination

429

scot/o

darkness

430

seb/o

sebum

431

sebace/o

sebum

432

sect/o

to cut

433

semi-

half

434

semin/i

semen; seed

435

-sepsis

putrefaction

436

seps/o

infection

437

sept/o

partition

438

ser/o

serum, serous

439

seven

hepta-, sept-, septi-

440

sial/o

saliva

441

sialaden/o

salivary gland

442

sider/o

iron

443

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

444

silic/o

glass

445

sinus/o

sinus

446

-sis

state of; condition

447

sit/o

food

448

six

hex-, hexa-, sex-

449

skelet/o

skeleton

450

-sol

solution

451

somat/o

body

452

-some

body

453

somn/o

sleep

454

-somnia

sleep

455

son/o

sound

456

-spadia

to tear; cut

457

span/o

scanty, scarce

458

-spasm

sudden contraction of muscles

459

spectr/o

image, spectrum

460

sperm/o

spermatozoa; sperm cells

461

spermat/o

spermatozoa; sperm cells

462

sphen/o

wedge; sphenoid bone

463

spher/o

globe-shaped; round

464

sphygm/o

pulse

465

-sphyxia

pulse

466

splanchn/o

viscera (internal organs)

467

spin/o

spine (backbone)

468

spir/o

to breathe

469

splen/o

spleen

470

spondyl/o

vertebra (backbone)

471

squam/o

scale

472

-stalsis

contraction

473

staped/o

stapes (middle ear bone)

474

staphyl/o

clusters; uvula

475

-stabile

stable, fixed

476

-stalsis

contraction

477

staped/o

stapes

478

-stasis

to stop; control; place

479

-stat

device/instrument for keeping something stationary

480

-static

pertaining to stopping; controlling

481

steat/o

fat; sebum

482

sten/o

narrowed, constricted

483

-stenosis

tightening; stricture

484

ster/o

solid structure; steroid

485

stere/o

solid; three-dimensional

486

stern/o

sternum (breastbone)

487

steth/o

chest

488

-sthenia

strength

489

stich/o

rows

490

stigmat/o

mark, point

491

-stitial

to set; pertaining to standing or positioned

492

stomat/o

mouth

493

-stomia

condition of the mouth

494

-stomy

new opening (to form a mouth)

495

strept/o

twisted chains

496

-stroma

supporting tissue of an organ

497

styl/o

pole or stake

498

sub-

under; below

499

submaxill/o

mandible (lower jaw bone)

500

succ/o

juice