Flashcards in booklet 2 Deck (21):
An agreement to cease fire before drawing up a peace settlement.
Gave the Weimar president the power, in and emergency, to rule by decree and to override the constitutional rights of the people.
The underground economy where goods are sold at unregulated prices.
The name for Germany and is allies: Austria, Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria.
Where the monarchy has limited power within the lines of a constitution.
Vaterlandspartei. A conservative, right-wing party which supported the government's pursuit of war and annexations.
Means "free corps" (soldiers) who acted as paramilitaries. They were right-wing, nationalist soldiers who were only too willing to use force to suppress communist activities.
Kriegsrohstoffabteilung: war raw materials department.
A force whose function and organisation is similar to the professional military, but it is not considered part of the state's formal armed forces.
A vote by the people on one specific issue - like a referendum.
The industrial working who, in Marxist theory, would ultimately take power in the state.
Payments of money (and gold) and the transfer of property and equipment from the defeated to the victor after war.
Obleute. Left-wing activists who organised strikes and demonstrations against the war. The did much to create the worker's councils (soviets) in 1918-19.
A victory peace, which would establish Germany's supremacy in Europe.
A Russian word meaning and elected council. Soviet's developed during the Russian Revolution in 1917. In Germany, many councils were set up in 1918, which had the support of the more radical and revolutionary, left-wing working class.
A small group which believed that Germany should follow the same path as communist Russia. The fundamental aim of the Spartacist's was to create a soviet republic based on the rule of the proletariat through worker's and soldier's councils.
'Stab in the back' myth
The distorted view that the army had not really lost the first world war and that unpatriotic groups, such as socialists and Jews, had undermined the war effort. The myth severely weakened the Weimar democracy from the start.
A deadlock in war where neither side makes progress.
A war that spared neither the military nor the civilian population, forcing Germany to use the power of the state as a means of mobilising its economic potential.
In order to raise money for the war, Imperial Germany encouraged people to invest into government funds in the belief they were helping to finance the war and their savings were secure.