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Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (59):
1

When was the first AOC established in France

1936

2

What is the main river that cuts through Bordeaux and what are the two sub-rivers

Gironde
Dordogne
Garonne

3

How did the Dutch impact the region of Bordeaux

They built drainage channels to allow water to escape

4

Define the term Courtiers

Wine Broker

5

What are the six grapes permitted in Bordeaux wine

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Cabernet Franc
Petit Verdot
Malbec
Carmènere

6

What is the most widely planted grape in Bordeaux

Merlot

7

What are the preferred soil types for Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Cabernet Franc in Bordeaux

Merlot-Clay
Cab Sauv- Drained Gravel
Cab Franc- Limestone

8

What is the synonym for Pressac or Cot

Malbec

9

What are the white grapes of Bordeaux

Sémillon
Sauvignon Blanc
Muscadelle
Ugni Blanc
Merlot Blanc
Colombard

10

Define Jalles

Drainage Channels

11

What was the term for the gravel mounds left behind from the dutch in Bordeaux

Croupes

12

What year was Cru Artisan formally recognized

2002, Small houses making exceptional wine without financing and no large scale tools

13

In what AOP would you find Chasse Spleen

Moulis en Medoc

14

Name the five villages that make up Margaux

Soussans
Margaux
Cantenac
Labarde
Arsac

15

How does Graves soil differ from the Medoc in the north

The proportion of sand increases- soil is called boulbenes

16

What is boulbenes

The sandy, clay, gravel mixture of soil found in Graves

17

What are the three white grapes that can comprise a max of 30% of the overall blend in Bordeaux Blanc

Ugni Blanc
Merlot Blanc
Colombard

18

What year was Graves wines first classified

1953

19

What year where additional wineries added to Graves AOP

1959

20

Why is Château La Tour Haut-Brion unique

It was classified for red wine but its final vintage was 2005

21

Why is Château Laville Haut-Brion unique

It was classified for white wine but its final vintage was 2008

22

When was the sub-commune of Pessac-Léognan created?

1987

23

List the five communes of Margaux

Soussans
Margaux
Cantenac
Labarde
Arsac

24

What appellations in Bordeaux can produce sweet wines

Graves as Graves Supérieur AOP
Cérons
Barsac
Sauternes
Loupiac (Eastern)
Ste-Croix-du-Mont (Eastern)
Cadillac (Eastern)

25

What is the term for Noble Rot in Bordeaux

Pourriture Noble

26

What are the names of the two rivers that meet at Sauternes

Ciron
Garonne

27

What are the five villages that the Sauternes AOP covers

Sauternes
Barsac
Fargues
Preignac
Bommes

28

What is the required must weight of Sauternes at harvest

221g/L

29

What is the required g/L of sugar for a finished Sauternes

45g/L

30

What are the requirements to be considered St-Émilion Grand Cru AOP and explain why this is a false pretext

Required to show an additional + 0.5% alcohol and must undergo a longer élevage

31

Define "crasse de fer" and where would you find it

It is a subsoil of iron pan and rich clay found in Pomerol

32

What would you call a Cabernet Franc in Pomerol

Bouchet

33

Name the four satellite appellations for St-Émilion

Lussac
St-Georges
Montagne
Puisseguin

34

Where would you find Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP and what communes does the AOP contain

Lalande-de-Pomerol
Néac

35

Name the communes closest to Pomerol and St. Emilion

Lalande-de-Pomerol AOP
Fronsac AOP
Canon-Fronsac AOP.

36

Where would one find the oldest vineyards in Bordeaux

In the AOPs of Bourg and Côtes de Bourg

37

If a wine is from Entre-Deux-Mers, but it is not stated on the label what term would then be used

Haut-Benauge

38

Name the four premier cru classé A in St-Émilion

Château Angelus (A)
Château Ausone (A)
Château Cheval Blanc (A)
Château Pavie (A)

39

Name the two 2nd Growths of Paulliac

Château Pichon Longueville Baron
Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande

40

Name all five 2nd Growths of St. Julien

Château Léoville-Las Cases
Château Léoville-Poyferré
Château Léoville Barton
Château Gruaud-Larose
Château Ducru-Beaucaillou

41

Name the five 2nd Growths of Margaux

Château Rauzan-Ségla
Château Rauzan-Gassies
Château Durfort-Vivens
Château Lascombes
Château Brane-Cantenac

42

Name the only 3rd Growth of St. Estephe

Château Calon-Ségur, Saint-Estèphe

43

Name the two 3rd Growths of St. Julien

Château Lagrange, Saint-Julien
Château Langoa Barton, Saint-Julien

44

Name the nine 3rd Growths of Margaux

Château Desmirail, Margaux
Château Ferrière, Margaux
Château Marquis d'Alesme Becker, Margaux
Château Kirwan, Cantenac
Château d'Issan, Cantenac
Château Boyd-Cantenac, Cantenac
Château Cantenac-Brown, Cantenac
Château Palmer, Cantenac
Château Giscours, Labarde

45

Name the only 3rd Growth in the Haut Medoc

Château La Lagune, Ludon (Haut-Medoc)

46

Name the only 4th Growth of St. Estephe

Château Lafon-Rochet

47

Name the only 4th Growth of Pauillac

Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild

48

Name the four 4th Growths of St. Julien

Château Saint-Pierre
Château Talbot
Château Branaire-Ducru
Château Beychevelle

49

Name the three 4th Growths of Margaux

Château Marquis de Terme, Margaux
Château Pouget, Cantenac
Château Prieuré-Lichine, Cantenac

50

Name the only 4th Growth in Haut Medoc

Château La Tour Carnet, Saint-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)

51

Name the only 5th Growth in St Estephe

Château Cos Labory, Saint-Estèphe

52

Name the twelve 5th Growths of Pauillac

Château Pontet-Canet, Pauillac
Château Batailley, Pauillac
Château Haut-Batailley, Pauillac
Château Haut-Bages-Libéral, Pauillac
Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, Pauillac
Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Pauillac
Château Lynch-Bages, Pauillac
Château Lynch-Moussas, Pauillac
Château d'Armailhac, Pauillac: This estate was known as Mouton-Baronne-Philippe from 1933-1988.
Château Pédesclaux, Pauillac
Château Clerc-Milon, Pauillac
Château Croizet Bages, Pauillac

53

Name the two 5th Growths of Margaux

Château Dauzac, Labarde (Margaux)
Château du Tertre, Arsac (Margaux)

54

Name the three 5th Growths of Haut Medoc

Château Belgrave, Saint-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)
Château de Camensac, Saint-Laurent (Haut-Médoc)
Château Cantemerle, Macau (Haut-Médoc)

55

Name all the classified growths in St. Estephe

Château Cos d'Estournel, Second Growth
Château Montrose, Second Growth
Château Calon-Ségur, Thrid Growth
Château Lafon-Rochet, Fourth Growth
Château Cos Labory, Fifth Growth

56

Name all the classified growths in Pauillac

Château Lafite Rothschild, First Growth
Château Latour, First Growth
Château Mouton Rothschild, First Growth
Château Pichon Longueville Baron, Second Growth
Château Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande, Second Growth
Château Duhart-Milon-Rothschild, Fourth Growth
Château Pontet-Canet, Fifth Growth
Château Batailley, Fifth Growth
Château Haut-Batailley, Fifth Growth
Château Haut-Bages-Libéral, Fifth Growth
Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, Fifth Growth
Château Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Fifth Growth
Château Lynch-Bages, Fifth Growth
Château Lynch-Moussas, Fifth Growth
Château d'Armailhac, Fifth Growth
Château Pédesclaux, Fifth Growth
Château Clerc-Milon, Fifth Growth
Château Croizet Bages, Fifth Growth

57

Name all the classified growths of St. Julien

Château Léoville-Las Cases, Second Growth
Château Léoville-Poyferré, Second Growth
Château Léoville Barton, Second Growth
Château Gruaud-Larose, Second Growth
Château Ducru-Beaucaillou, Second Growth
Château Langoa Barton, Third Growth
Château Saint-Pierre, Fourth Growth
Château Talbot, Fourth Growth
Château Branaire-Ducru, Fourth Growth
Château Beychevelle, Fourth Growth

58

Name the classified growths of the Margaux

Château Margaux
Château Rauzan-Ségla, Second Growth
Château Rauzan-Gassies, Second Growth
Château Durfort-Vivens, Second Growth
Château Lascombes, Second Growth
Château Brane-Cantenac, Second Growth
Château Malescot-Saint-Exupéry, Third Growth
Château Desmirail, Third Growth
Château Ferrière, Third Growth
Château Marquis d'Alesme Becker, Third Growth
Château Kirwan, Third Growth
Château d'Issan, Third Growth
Château Boyd-Cantenac, Third Growth
Château Cantenac-Brown, Third Growth
Château Palmer, Third Growth
Château Giscours, Third Growth
Château Marquis de Terme, Fourth Growth
Château Pouget, Fourth Growth
Château Prieuré-Lichine, Fourth Growth
Château Dauzac, Fifth Growth
Château du Tertre, Fifth Growth

59

Name the classified growths of the Haut Medoc

Château La Lagune, Third Growth
Château La Tour Carnet, Fourth Growth
Château Belgrave, Fifth Growth
Château de Camensac, Fifth Growth
Château Cantemerle, Fifth Growth