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Flashcards in Bordeaux - Advanced Deck (47):
1

What are the second growths of Margaux?

Ch. Rauzan-Segla
Ch. Rauzan-Gassies
Ch. Durfort-Vivens
Ch. Lascombes
Ch. Brane-Cantenac, Cantenac-Margaux

2

What are the five First Growths and where are they?

Ch. Lafite Rothschild, Pauillac
Ch. Mouton Rothschild, Pauillac
Ch. Latour, Pauillac
Ch. Margaux, Margaux
Ch. Haut-Brion, Graves

3

What are the Second Growths of Saint-Estephe?

Ch. Cos d'Estournel
Ch. Montrose

4

What are the Second Growths of Pauillac?

Ch. Pichon Longueville Baron
Ch. Pichon Longueville Comtesse de Lalande

5

What are the Second Growths of Saint-Julien?

Ch. Leoville-Las Cases
Ch. Leoville-Poyferre
Ch. Leoville Barton
Ch. Gruaud-Larose
Ch. Ducru-Beaucaillou

6

What are the third growths of Saint-Julien?

Ch. Lagrange
Ch. Langoa Barton

7

What are the Third Growths of Saint-Estephe?

Ch. Calon-Segur

8

What are the Third Growths of Margaux?

Ch. Malescot-Saint-Exupery
Ch. Desmirail
Ch. Ferriere
Ch. Marquis d'Alesme Becker, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. Kirwan, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. d'Issan, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. Boyd-Cantenac, Cantanac-Margaux
Ch. Cantenac-Brown, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. Palmer, Cantenac- Margaux
Ch. Giscours, Labarde-Margaux
Ch. La Lagune, Ludon (Ludon)

9

What are the Fourth Growths of Saint-Estephe?

Ch. Lagon-Rochet

10

What are the Fourth Growths of Pauillac?

Ch. Duhart-Milon-Rothschild

11

What are the Fourth Growths of Saint-Julien?

Ch. Saint-Pierre
Ch. Talbot
Ch. Brainaire-Ducru
Ch. Beychevelle

12

What are the Fourth Growths of Margaux?

Ch. Marquis de Terme
Ch. Pouget, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. Prieure-Lichine, Cantenac-Margaux
Ch. La Tour Carnet, Saint-Laurent (Haut-Medoc)

13

What are the Fifth Growths of Saint-Estephe?

Ch. Cos Labory

14

What are the Fifth Growths of Pauillac?

Ch. Pontet-Canet
Ch. Batailley
Ch. Haut-Batailley
Ch. Haut-Bages-Liberal
Ch. Grand-Puy-Lacoste
Ch. Grand-Puy-Ducasse
Ch. Lynch-Bages
Ch. Lynch-Moussas
Ch. d'Armailhac (Known as Mouton-Baronne-Philippe from 1933-1988)
Ch. Pedesclaux
Ch. Clerc-Milon
Ch. Croizet Bages

15

What are the Fifth Growths of Margaux?

Ch. Dauzac
Ch. du Tertre, Arsac

16

What are the Fifth Growths of the Haut-Medoc?

Ch. Belgrave, Saint-Laurent
Ch. de Camensac, Saint-Laurent
Ch. Cantemerle, Macau

17

What are Bordeaux's most planted white and red varietals?

White - Semillon
Red - Merlot

18

What are the top vintages of Bordeaux (Left Bank) in the 2000s? (Best to worst)

2009, 2005, 2010, 2000

19

What are the top vintages of Bordeaux (Right Bank) in the 2000s? (Best to worst)

2009, 2010, 2005, 2015, 2016, 2012, 2001, 2006

20

What is the difference between encepagement and assemblage?

Encepagement - Makeup of the vineyard.
Assemblage - Makeup of the blend of wine

21

What is the name of the canals that the Dutch created in order to drain the Medoc?

Jalles

22

When was the first appearance of Ch. Haut-Brion found in text?

1660

23

What diseases plagued Bordeaux, where were they from, and when did they arrive?

Oidium, Phylloxera and Peronospera - All American in origin

Oidium (Powdery Mildew) - 1852 in the sweet wine vineyards along the Garonne, quickly migrated to the Medoc. Crippled yields/ 1854 - France harvested its smallest vintage since the late 1700s. Application of sulfur in the vineyards mitigated the damage.

Phylloxera - 1869 - Took hold by the late 1870s and caused widespread ruin.

Peronospera (Downy Mildew) - Struck simultaneously with Phylloxera. 1888 - Bordeaux mixture - a copper sulfate-lime concoction created to defend the vines.

24

What are considered to be some of the "vintages of the century?"

2000, 2005, 2009, 2010

25

What is the only current classified chateau to embrace biodynamic practices in all of Bordeaux?

Ch. Climense

26

What are the communes of Margaux?

Margaux, Soussans, Cantenac, Labarde, Arsac

27

What are the communes of Pauillac?

Cissac-Medoc
Pauillac
Saint-Estephe
Saint-Julien-Beychevelle
Saint-Sauveur

28

What are the communes of Saint-Estephe?

Saint-Estephe

29

What are the communes of Saint-Julien?

Saint-Julien-Beychevelle
Cussac-Fort-Medoc
Pauillac
Saint-Laurent-Medoc

30

What is the difference between Graves AOP and Graves Superieur AOP?

Graves AOP - allows dry red and dry white production.

Graves Superieur AOP - authorizes only sweet white production, with most appellation wines finishing around 40-50 g/L of residual sugar

31

What larger appellation are the sweet wine appellations within and what are their names?

Graves.

Sauternes
Barsac
Cerons

32

What are the communes of Sauternes?

Sauternes
Bommes
Fargues
Preignac
Barsac

33

What are the communes of Cerons?

Cerons
Podensac
Illats

34

What is Chateau d'Yquem's Bordeaux blanc called? (Occasionally Superieur blanc)

Ygrec - First debuted in 1959 and was made intermittently until 2004, when production commenced annually.

35

What is the method of harvesting in Sauternes called?

tries - multiple hand-harvested passes through the vineyards - very expensive.

36

Sauternes is situated at the confluence of which two rivers?

The Ciron and the Garonne

37

What are the two red wine-only appellations of Saint-Emillion? What is unique about the appellation's boundaries?

Saint-Emilion AOP
Saint-Emilion Grand Cru AOP

They share the exact same geographical boundaries.

Saint-Emilion Grand Cru AOP - wines must be estate-bottled, unlike the basic Saint-Emilion AOP, which can be blended and bottled by a negociant. Additionally, there are lower maximum yields and a longer elevage required for the Grand Cru category. While they share exact geographical boundaries, most Grand Cru estates are located on the limestone cotes and plateau rather than in the river plain.

38

What year was the "great winter" t hat was so devastating to Bordeaux?

1956

Crippled or killed many existing vines.

39

Describe the budding and ripening of Merlot and what it is susceptible to.

Merlot is early-budding and early-ripening. Thin skins in comparison to Cabernet Sauvignon. Prone to rot and coulure from the early season spring frosts. It's chief disadvantage in Bordeaux's seemingly warmer modern climate is its rush to produce sugar; in warm years like 2009 or 2010 Merlot can easily hit 16% in potential alcohol.

40

What is the second label of Ch. Cos d'Estournel?

Les Pagodes de Cos

41

What is the second wine of Ch. Montrose?

Le Dame du Montrose

42

What is the second wine of Ch. Calon-Segur?

Le Marquis de Calon-Segur

43

What is the second wine of Ch. Lafon-Rochet?

Les Pelerins de Lafon-Rochet

44

What is the second wine of Ch. Cos Labory?

Le Charme Labory

45

What is the second wine of Ch. Lafite-Rothschild

Carruades de Lafite

46

What is the second wine of Ch. Latour?

Les Forts de Latour

47

What is the second wine of Ch. Mouton-Rothschild?

Petit Mouton