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Flashcards in Bordeaux - Left Bank Deck (42):
0

What are the five Premier Crus (First Growths) of the 1855 Classification? Where is each one located?

Pauillac: Ch Lafite-Rothschild, Ch Latour, Ch Mouton-Rothschild (2nd Cru in 1855, elevated in 1973).
Margaux: Ch Margaux
Graves (Pessac-Léognan): Ch Haut-Brion

1

Which Deuxième Crus are located in Margaux?

Ch Rausan-Segla, Ch Rauzan-Gassies, Ch Durfort-Vivens, Ch Lascombes, Ch Brane-Cantenac (in Cantenac-Margaux)

2

Which Deuxième Crus are located in St. Julien?

Ch Leoville-Las Cases, Ch Leoville-Poyferre, Ch Leoville-Barton, Ch Gruaud-Larose, Ch Ducru-Beaucaillou

3

Which Deuxième Crus are located in Pauillac?

Ch Pichon-Longeuville, Ch Pichon-Longeuville-Lalande

4

Which Deuxième Crus are located in St. Estephe?

Ch Cos-d'Estournel, Ch Montrose

5

Which Troisième Crus are located in Cantenac-Margaux?

Ch Kirwan, Ch D'Issan, Ch Boyd-Cantenac, Ch Cantenac-Brown, Ch Palmer

6

Which Troisième Crus are located in Labarde-Margaux?

Ch Giscours

7

Which Troisième Crus are located in Margaux?

Ch Malescot-St-Exupery, Ch Desmirail, Ch Ferriere, Ch Marquis-d'Alesme-Becker

8

Which Troisième Crus are located in St. Julien?

Ch La Grange, Ch Langoa-Barton

9

Which Troisième Crus are located in Ludon-Haut Medoc?

Ch La Langune

10

Which Troisième Crus are located in St. Estephe?

Ch Calon-Segur

11

Which Quatrième Crus are located in St. Julien?

Ch St-Pierre, Ch Talbot, Ch Branaire-Ducru, Ch Beychevelle

12

Which Quatrième Crus are located in Cantenac-Margaux?

Ch Pouget, Ch Prieure-Lichine

13

Which Quatrième Crus are located in Margaux?

Ch Marquis-de-Terme

14

Which Quatrième Crus are located in Pauillac?

Ch Duhart-Milon

15

Which Quatrième Crus are located in St. Laurent-Haut Medoc?

Ch La Tour-Carnet

16

Which Quatrième Crus are located in St. Estephe?

Ch Lafon-Rochet

17

Which Cinquième Ceus are located in Pauillac?

Ch Pontet-Canet, Ch Batailley, Ch Haut-Batailley, Ch Grand-Puy-Lacoste, Ch Grand-Puy-Ducasse, Ch Lynch-Bages, Ch Lynch-Moussas, Ch Mouton-d'Armailhacq, Ch Haut-Bages-Liberal, Ch Pedesclaux, Ch Clerc-Milon, Ch Croizet-Bages

18

Which Cinquième Crus are located in Labarde-Margaux?

Ch Dauzac

19

Which Cinquième Crus are located in Arsac-Margaux?

Ch du Tertre

20

Which Cinquième Crus are located in St. Laurent-Haut Medoc?

Ch Belgrave, Ch Camensac

21

Which Cinquième Crus are located in Macau-Haut Medoc?

Ch Cantemerle

22

Which Cinquième Crus are located in St. Estephe?

Ch Cos-Labory

23

How many classified growths are in Graves?

One

24

How many classified growths are in St. Estephe?

5 total
2 2me
1 3me
1 4me
1 5me

25

How many classified growths are in Haut Medoc?

5 total
1 3me
1 4me
3 5me

26

How many classified growths are in St. Julien?

11 total
5 2me
2 3me
4 4me

27

How many classified growths are in Pauillac?

18 total
3 1me
2 2me
1 4me
12 5me

28

How many classified growths are in Margaux?

21 total
1 1me
5 2me
10 3me
3 4me
2 5me

29

What is the climate of Bordeaux?

Maritime, with moderating influences from the Atlantic and Gironde estuary. It becomes more continental toward St. Émilion and Pomerol.

30

What is the Bordeaux mixture and what does it protect against?

A mix of lime, copper sulfate, and water that is applied to avoid fungal problems like couloure and millerandage

31

What styles of wine can be labeled as Bordeaux AOP?

Red, white, rosé, and clairet (darker, more aromatic rosé)

32

What six grapes are allowed for Bordeaux AOP red wines?

Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Malbec, and Carmènere

33

What is the French word for blend?

Assemblage

34

What is the most widely planted grape in Bordeaux?

Merlot

35

What is encépagement?

The varietal makeup of a vineyard

36

What are courtiers?

Brokers of wine

37

What white grapes are permitted in Bordeaux?

Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle for most blends. Max 30% of Ugni Blanc, Merlot Blanc, and Colombard.

38

What are jalles?

Drainage channels in the Bas-Medoc

39

What are croupes?

Deeper banks of gravel on the left bank of Bordeaux

40

Define Cru Artisan

A designation that's been used for a century, formalized in 2002. From 2005 forward, 44 producers can use it, denoting exceptional stewards of the land and craft of winemaking, without the financing or apparatus of large scale operations.

41

Define Cru Bourgeois

Originally introduced in 1932, divided 444 properties into Cru Bourgeois Exceptionnel, Cru Bourgeois Supérieur, and Cru Bourgeois. Made official in 2003, only 247 châteaux retained their status. Resulting legal action nullified entire classification. Cru Bourgeois reinstated in 2008, term acts as a guarantor of quality and chateaux must apply for it regularly by submitting wine for a tasting panel.