Bowel Elimination Flashcards Preview

Fundamentals Quiz 4 > Bowel Elimination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bowel Elimination Deck (29):
1

How much food waste is excreted in stool within 24 hours

1/3 to 1/2

2

Antacids turns poop

white

3

aspirin turn poop

pink/red-black

4

iron turns poop

black

5

melana

blood in stool that is red wine colored

6

constipating foods

cheese
lean meat
eggs
pasta

7

foods w/ laxative effect

fruits and vegetables, bran, chocolate, alcohol, coffee

8

gas producing foods

onions, cabbage, beans, cauliflower

9

__L a day can improve bowel movement

2-3 L

10

any bleeding in GI turns stool

black

11

if pt is having a colonoscopy what type of medications would he be given

saline cathartics - really empties the bowel

12

colace is an example of a

stool softener

13

what type of medication is given to a cardiac patient to facilitate bowel movement

cardiac patients are given colace

14

opiates cause ___ as a side effect

constipation

15

amoxicillin causes ___ as a side ffect

diarrhrea

16

What type of medication can we administer to a pt w/ impaction?

lubricant laxatives

17

What would I need alongside an opioid to aleviate side effects

stool softener, enema

18

occult blood tests comes back blue, what does this mean?

blood in stool

19

What can we teach for bowel elimination

timing- 30 min after eating
privacy
nutrition
exercize
position- sitting up

20

Types of enemas

Tap Water
Normal Saline
Soap
hypertonic
oil

21

WHen insertin an enema what are the special conditions of the enema

cant do too fast
make sure its warm

22

eroded skin on an ostomy is indicative of

breakdown

23

blueish skin on a ostomy

cyanosis- perfused
CALL DR

24

other than no BM for several days, and oozing of liquid stool, what are some other symptoms of impaction?

anorexia
abdominal distention

25

How do enemas work?

they are irritating and stimulate peristalsis

26

What can we do for bowel incontinence?

Note when it occurs
offer bedpan
apply diarrhea patch to keep skin dry
bowel training
indwelling tube

27

fine-bore NGs are used for

medication administrations
enteral feedings

28

Large-bore NG tubes are used for

gastric decompression
removal of gastric secretions

29

pale stoma

anemia