Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation Deck (17):
1

What is deprivation?

Loss of emotional care that is normally provided by a primary caregiver

2

What 3 features of a infant-mother relationships did Bowlby state were important?

Warm
Intimate
Continuing

3

State the effects of maternal deprivation

Emotionally disturbed
Intellectual retardation (low IQ)
Criminal behaviour (delinquency)
Affectionless psychopathy
Inability to make new relationships (lack social skills)

4

Name a study Bowlby designed

44 juvenile thieves

5

What was the aim of the 44 juvenile thieves study?

To investigate the long-term effects of maternal deprivation

6

What type of sample was used in the 44 juvenile thieves study?

Opportunistic sample

7

Briefly describe the procedure of the 44 juvenile thieves study

Participants split into 2 groups, matched for age and IQ
Group 1 = thief group (44 teens caught stealing)
Group 2 = control group
Children and parents were interviewed

8

How many of the thieves had experienced frequent separations from their mothers before the age of 2?

17, compared to 2 in the control group

9

How many thieves were affectionless psychopaths?

14

10

How many of the affectionless psychopaths had experienced separation from their mothers?

12/14

11

What did Bowlby conclude from his 44 juvenile thieves study?

Deprivation of the child early in life can have very harmful long-term consequences

12

What are 4 weakness of the 44 juvenile thieves study?

Retrospective data - unreliable, subjective
Experimenter bias - Bowlby himself designed + conducted. Different interpretations
Doesn't consider other factors e.g. poverty/education level in causing criminal behaviour, not just deprivation
Poor sample - culturally biased. Only from London. Bowlby chose who took part and he knew the participants.

13

What is a strength of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?

RS found that orphanage children who were socially and maternally deprived were less intellectually and socially developed later in life

14

What is an application of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?

Orphanages can increase quality of care to fulfil the infants' emotional needs
Encourage mothers to spend more time with babies in maternity units
Parenting manuals to include plenty of responsive attention to avoid child becoming an affectionless psychopath

15

What is a theory limitation of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?

The effects of disruption of attachment can be reversed. Studies have shown that children can recover from maternal deprivation and regain intelligence and have normal social relationships

16

What issue/debate could be applied to Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?

Deterministic theory. States that if children experience deprivation in early life, there will be long-term consequences

17

What could be a research limitation for Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?

44 juvenile thieves study
Criminal behaviour could be due to other factors e.g. poverty/lack of education, rather than maternal deprivation.