Flashcards in Bowlby's Theory of Maternal Deprivation Deck (17):
What is deprivation?
Loss of emotional care that is normally provided by a primary caregiver
What 3 features of a infant-mother relationships did Bowlby state were important?
State the effects of maternal deprivation
Intellectual retardation (low IQ)
Criminal behaviour (delinquency)
Inability to make new relationships (lack social skills)
Name a study Bowlby designed
44 juvenile thieves
What was the aim of the 44 juvenile thieves study?
To investigate the long-term effects of maternal deprivation
What type of sample was used in the 44 juvenile thieves study?
Briefly describe the procedure of the 44 juvenile thieves study
Participants split into 2 groups, matched for age and IQ
Group 1 = thief group (44 teens caught stealing)
Group 2 = control group
Children and parents were interviewed
How many of the thieves had experienced frequent separations from their mothers before the age of 2?
17, compared to 2 in the control group
How many thieves were affectionless psychopaths?
How many of the affectionless psychopaths had experienced separation from their mothers?
What did Bowlby conclude from his 44 juvenile thieves study?
Deprivation of the child early in life can have very harmful long-term consequences
What are 4 weakness of the 44 juvenile thieves study?
Retrospective data - unreliable, subjective
Experimenter bias - Bowlby himself designed + conducted. Different interpretations
Doesn't consider other factors e.g. poverty/education level in causing criminal behaviour, not just deprivation
Poor sample - culturally biased. Only from London. Bowlby chose who took part and he knew the participants.
What is a strength of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?
RS found that orphanage children who were socially and maternally deprived were less intellectually and socially developed later in life
What is an application of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?
Orphanages can increase quality of care to fulfil the infants' emotional needs
Encourage mothers to spend more time with babies in maternity units
Parenting manuals to include plenty of responsive attention to avoid child becoming an affectionless psychopath
What is a theory limitation of Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?
The effects of disruption of attachment can be reversed. Studies have shown that children can recover from maternal deprivation and regain intelligence and have normal social relationships
What issue/debate could be applied to Bowlby's theory of maternal deprivation?
Deterministic theory. States that if children experience deprivation in early life, there will be long-term consequences