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BMS 1001 > Brain & Meninges > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain & Meninges Deck (27):
1

Name the two sides of the brain?

The Left and Right Hemisphere

2

What is the name of the portion of the brain that holds the two parts together?

Corpus Collosum

3

What is the name given to the small brain, cauliflower brain?

Cerebellum

4

What is the anme given to the large, main brain?

Cerebrum

5

What is the name given to the ridges of the brain?

Gyrus

6

What is the name given to the depression of the brain?

Sulcus

7

What is the name of the 3 deep fissures?

Longitudinal Fissure
Laterial Fissure
Transverse Fissure

8

What are the two main Gyrus and there function?

Pre Central Gyrus - Motor Cotex
Post Central Gyrus - Sensory Cortex

9

What is the Pinal Gland and where is it found?

Small endocrine Gland above the mid brain - aids in sleep pattern.

10

What are the 3 parts of the brain stem and there functions?

Mid Brain - Visual & Auditory processes & reflex
Pons - Relays info to Cerebellum, control sub-conscious movement
Medulla Oblongata - Control of Cardio, Resp and gastro systems

11

What is the name for the master gland in the body?

Pitutary gland

12

What are the two exact loactions for the areas of the brain that control the auditory and visual reflexs?

Superior and Inferior Colliculus

13

What is the left cerebral Hemisphere usually responsible for?

Language, speech and writing

14

What is the right Cerebral Hemisphere normally responsible for?

Singing, Playing muscial instument, 3D perception

15

What is the name of the 5 lobes of the brain?

Frontal, Parital, Occipital, Temporal and insula

16

What is the name given to the top layer of the cerebrun?

Cerbral Cotex

17

What and where is the Wernickes area?

It is responsible for understanding and is sensory. Found in the Temporal lobe near the lateral fissure

18

What and where is the Broca's area?

It is at the base of the Frontal lobe and is resposible for the Production of speech - Motor

19

What is the frontal lobe used for?

Motor responses
Volentary movement
Personality

20

What is the temporal lobe used for?

Speech and Sound

21

What is the Parietal lobe used for?

Sensory prosses
Attention & Language

22

What is the cerebral Cortex

The outermost layer of the brain. The grey matter

23

Name the 3 regions of the Cerebellum?

Left and right Cerebellar Hemisphere
Vermis

24

What is the function of the Cerebellar?

Co-ordination of movement

25

What disease is created by a defect of the Cerbral nuclei?

Parkinson's disease

26

What area of the brain does the descending motor neurons pathways cross (decussate)?

In the medulla oblongata.

27

What are the 3 layers of the meninges?

Dura Matar
Arachnoid Mater
Pia Mater