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Flashcards in brain practical Deck (71):
1

Personality, behavior, emotions

frontal

2

Judgment, planning, problem solving

frontal

3

Intelligence, concentration, self awareness

frontal

4

Body movement (motor strip)

frontal

5

Speech: speaking and writing (Broca’s area)

frontal

6

Interprets language, words

PARIETAL

7

Sense of touch, pain, temperature (sensory strip)

PARIETAL

8

Spatial and visual perception

PARIETAL

9

Interprets signals from vision, hearing, motor, sensory and memory

PARIETAL

10

Interprets vision (color, light, movement)

OCCIPITAL

11

Understanding language (Wernicke’s area)

TEMPORAL

12

Memory Hearing

TEMPORAL

13

Sequencing and organization

TEMPORAL

14

ocated in the floor of the third ventricle

HYPOTHALAMUS

15

t plays a role in controlling behaviors such as hunger, thirst, sleep, and sexual response

HYPOTHALAMUS

16

regulates body temperature, blood pressure, emotions, and secretion of hormones.

HYPOTHALAMUS

17

lies in a small pocket of bone at the skull base called the sella turcica

pituitary gland

18

Known as the “master gland,” it controls other endocrine glands in the body

pituitary gland

19

It secretes hormones that control sexual development, promote bone and muscle growth, respond to stress, and fight disease.

pituitary gland

20

located behind the third ventricle

pineal gland

21

located behind the third ventricle

pineal gland

22

serves as a relay station for almost all information that comes and goes to the cortex

thalamus

23

It plays a role in pain sensation, attention, alertness and memory.

thalamus

24

includes the caudate, putamen and globus pallidus.

BASAL GANGLIA

25

work with the cerebellum to coordinate fine motions, such as fingertip movements.

basal ganglia

26

center of our emotions, learning, and memory.

limbic system

27

Included are the cingulate gyri, hypothalamus, amygdala (emotional reactions) and hippocampus (memory).

limbic system

28

strong, thick membrane that closely lines the inside of the skul

dura mater

29

2 layers of dura mater

periosteal and meningeal

30

two special dural folds,

falx and tentorium

31

separates the right and left hemispheres of the brain

falx

32

separates cerebellum and cerebrum

tentorium

33

thin, web-like membrane that covers the entire brain

arachnoid mater

34

The space between the dura and arachnoid membranes

subdural space

35

hugs the surface of the brain following its folds and grooves.

pia mater

36

has many blood vessels that reach deep into the brain.

pia mater

37

space between the arachnoid and pia

subarachnoid space

38

where the cerebrospinal fluid bathes and cushions the brain.

subarachnoid space

39

hollow fluid-filled cavities

ventrciels

40

Inside the ventricles is a ribbon-like structure called the that makes clear colorless cerebrospinal fluid

choroid plexus

41

enlargement of the ventricles

HYDROCEPHALUS

42

cause a collection of fluid in the spinal cord

SYRINGOMYELIA

43

Blood is carried to the brain by two paired arteries

internal carotid arteries and the vertebral arteries

44

arteries supply most of the cerebrum.

INTERNAL CAROTID

45

arteries supply the cerebellum, brainstem, and the underside of the cerebrum

VERTEBRAL ARTERIES

46

The basilar artery and the internal carotid arteries “communicate” with each other at the base of the brain called the

Circle of Willis

47

The communication ----- is an important safety feature of the brain.

between the internal carotid and vertebral-basilar systems

48

sinuses THAT drain the cerebrum

superior and inferior sagittal

49

drains the anterior skull base

CAVERNOUS SINUSES

50

only drainage of the brain.

jugular veins

51

In general, the --- hemisphere of the brain is responsible for language and speech and is called the "dominant" hemisphere

left

52

_________ hemisphere plays a large part in interpreting visual information and spatial processing.

right

53

disturbance of language affecting production, comprehension, reading or writing, due to brain injury – most commonly from stroke or trauma.

aphasia

54

lies in the left frontal lobe (Fig 3). If this area is damaged, one may have difficulty moving the tongue or facial muscles to produce the sounds of speech.

broca's area

55

lies in the left temporal lobe
The individual may speak in long sentences that have no meaning, add unnecessary words, and even create new words.

Wernicke's area

56

3 phases of memory

encoding
storing
recalling

57

also called working memory, occurs in the prefrontal cortex.

short term memory

58

It stores information for about one minute and its capacity is limited to about 7 items.

short term

59

processed in the hippocampus of the temporal lobe and is activated when you want to memorize something for a longer time

long term

60

unlimited content and duration capacity. It contains personal memories as well as facts and figures.

long term

61

processed in the cerebellum, which relays information to the basal ganglia

skill memory

62

stores automatic learned memories like tying a shoe, playing an instrument, or riding a bike.

skill memory

63

Sensory area
❖ Skin impulses
❖ Estimation of
distances, sizes and
shapes

parietal lobe

64

Auditory area
❖ Olfactory area --
medial part of the
____

temporal

65

Motor area - directs
movement
❖ Speech and writing
❖ Broca's area -- controls
muscles of speech

frontal lobe

66

Forms surface of cerebral
hemispheres
❖ Impulses received and
analyzed
❖ Storage of info -- recall --
"memory"
❖ Association, judgement,
discrimination, deliberation,
voluntary actions

cerebral cortex

67

major regions of the brain

Cerebrum
❖ Diencephalon
❖ Brain stem
❖ Cerebellum

68

Coordination of
voluntary muscles
❖ Maintenance of
balance
❖ Maintenance of
muscle tone

cerebellum

69

Recycles or absorbs CSF

Arachnoid villi

70

Recycles or absorbs CSF

Arachnoid villi

71

middle of cerebellum

vermis

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