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Flashcards in Bre McLane Flash Cards Deck (70):
1

What are the phases of healing and how long do they last?

-inflammatory response/3-4 days
-fibroblastic repair/ 3-6 weeks
-Maturation remodeling/ up to 2yrs

2

What are the mechanisms of heat transfer?

conduction, convection, radiation, conversion

3

What is the half-life of a drug?

the time required for the amount or concentration of a drug in the body to drop to one-half of its original value

4

What does ADME stand for?

absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion

5

What are the Cardinal Signs of Inflammation?

redness, swelling, heat, pain, alteration of function

6

What is Wolf’s law?

bone and soft tissue will respond to physical demands placed on them

7

How do you calculate maximal HR?

220- AGE in YRS

8

What are the percentages of the peak flow meter that rate someone as green, yellow, red?

-green/ >80%
-yellow/50<50%

9

What levels are considered to by hyper and hypoglycemic when checking blood sugar?

- Hypo/ 200mg/dl

10

What is forced vital capacity?

The total volume of air that can be exhaled

11

What are the stage of disease prevention?

primary, secondary, tertiary

12

What special test is used to determine DVT?

Homan’s sign

13

What special tests are used to find ACL Sprains?

anterior drawer test, lachmans test, pivot shift test

14

What injury involves the ACL, MCL, and medial meniscus?

unhappy triad

15

What is considered prehypertension?

120-139/80-89

16

What are the types of shock?

hypovolemic, hemorrhagic, anaphylactic, septic, neurogenic, cardiogenic, hypoglycemic, psychogenic

17

What is an oblique Fracture?

break occurs diagonally when torsion occurs on one end while the other is fixed

18

What is a Colles Fracture?

displaced radius that is 1 ½ in from wrist

19

What is a Jone’s Fracture?

avulsion fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal

20

What is the formula for power?

force x distance

21

What does NOCSAE stand for?

National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment

22

What are some signs of heat stroke?

disoriented, unconscious, no sweat, dry skin, hot, 104 degree temp, rapid and strong pulse

23

What Does ABCDE stand for when looking at skin abnormalities?

Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation

24

What is released from glycolysis?

ADP and PO4

25

What are high risk times to be out in the sun?

10 am to 4 pm

26

What are the movements of the hamstrings?

hip extension/ knee flexion

27

What special tests are used for an AC Sprain?

Piano keys, apley’s scratch, AC traction, AC compression

28

What is the krebs cycle?

a process that occurs in the mitochondria that converts ADP to energy rich ATP

29

What are the seven steps of the budget cycle?

plan budget, gather feedback, build consensus, present final plan, approve, implement, evaluate

30

What is liability?

a quality or state of being legally obligated or accountable; legal responsibility to another or to society

31

What is a sign?

an objectively measurable and observable phenomenon associated with a disease

32

What is considered a beta- lactam antibiotic?

Penicillin

33

What are the ratios of scapulohumeral rhythm?

-0-30 degrees: 1:0
-30-90 degrees: 2:1
-90-180 degrees: 1:1

34

What are the carpal bones of the hand?

trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, scaphoid, hamate, triquetrum, pisiform, lunate

35

What is swan neck deformity?

Flexion of the MCP and DIP joints and hyperextension of the PIP joint

36

What are some signs of a concussion?

vacant stare, delayed verbal or motor responses, inability to focus, disorientation, slurred or incoherent speech, gross incoordination, heightened emotions, memory deficits

37

What are the different forces that can cause trauma to the body?

tensile, compression, shear, torsion, direct blow

38

Where do you take the measurements of a true leg length discrepancy?

ASIS to the medial malleolus

39

Where do you take the measurements of a functional leg length discrepancy?

each medial malleolus to the umbilicus

40

What is negligence?

failure to provide the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have provided

41

What are the four key areas of a policy and procedure manual?

policy, purpose, procedures, documentation

42

What motions does the rectus femoris do?

hip flexion, knee extension, anterior pelvic rotation

43

The Trendelenburg test tests for what muscle?

Gluteus medius

44

What group of muscles are consider the knee extensors?

rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedialis, vastus lateralis

45

What muscles are in the deep posterior compartment of the leg?

tibialis posterior, flexor hallicus longus, flexor digitorum longus

46

What type of massage technique requires a stroking motion?

effleurage

47

What is the difference between a cathode and anode?

- cathode- negatively charged electrode
-anode- positively charged electrode

48

What are the non-thermal effects of ultrasound?

increased fibroblastic activity, tissue regeneration, bone healing, pain modulation

49

What is the Hunting Response?

application of cold for too long causes a vasodilation to help maintain health of the cells

50

What is normal glucose level?

90-120mg/dl

51

What should be included in a medical history?

chief complaint, description and course of present illness, personal medical history, family medical history, review of systems

52

What is the common drug to treat Asthma?

Albuterol

53

What is the point on the abdomen where it is indicative of Appendicitis?

McBurney’s Point

54

What factors make people more susceptible to heat illness?

large body mass, age, conditioning level, poor hydration, history, medications and other substances

55

What Cranial nerve tests balance?

Vestibulocochlear

56

What cranial nerves are involved in eye movement?

oculomotor, trochlear, optic, abducens

57

What postures are associated with a spinal cord injury

decerebrate, decorticate, flextion contracture

58

What can a tear drop pupil be indicative of?

corneal abrasion or ruptured globe

59

What are the borders of the anatomical snuffbox?

abductor pollicus longus/ extensor pollicus brevis, extensor pollicus longus, scaphoid

60

What are the four locations in which the heart can be auscultated?

aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral

61

What is located in the Lower Right Quadrant?

Appendix, ureter, Bladder, Colon, Gonads

62

What motor test can be done to check the C4 nerve root?

Shoulder Shrug

63

What are MRIs used for?

seeing soft tissue structures such as ligaments and meniscal injuries

64

Why is altitude training dangerous for someone who has sickle cell trait?

the abnormal hemoglobin become deoxygenated and then clump together

65

How do you care for a superficial frostbite?

immersing the part in warm water (100-110 degrees)

66

What are the Fat-Soluble vitamins?

Vitamin A, D, E, K

67

What is normal heart rate and normal respiration at rest?

70-100bpm, 10-15 bpm

68

What are the electrolytes?

sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, calcium

69

Kehr’s signs is indicative of what?

Spleen injury

70

What are signs of hyperglycemia?

blood glucose >200 mg/dl, gradual onset, abdominal pain, thirst but not hunger, fruity odor, dehydration, lethargy, confusion, LOC