Flashcards in Bre McLane Flash Cards Deck (70):
What are the phases of healing and how long do they last?
-inflammatory response/3-4 days
-fibroblastic repair/ 3-6 weeks
-Maturation remodeling/ up to 2yrs
What are the mechanisms of heat transfer?
conduction, convection, radiation, conversion
What is the half-life of a drug?
the time required for the amount or concentration of a drug in the body to drop to one-half of its original value
What does ADME stand for?
absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion
What are the Cardinal Signs of Inflammation?
redness, swelling, heat, pain, alteration of function
What is Wolf’s law?
bone and soft tissue will respond to physical demands placed on them
How do you calculate maximal HR?
220- AGE in YRS
What are the percentages of the peak flow meter that rate someone as green, yellow, red?
What levels are considered to by hyper and hypoglycemic when checking blood sugar?
- Hypo/ 200mg/dl
What is forced vital capacity?
The total volume of air that can be exhaled
What are the stage of disease prevention?
primary, secondary, tertiary
What special test is used to determine DVT?
What special tests are used to find ACL Sprains?
anterior drawer test, lachmans test, pivot shift test
What injury involves the ACL, MCL, and medial meniscus?
What is considered prehypertension?
What are the types of shock?
hypovolemic, hemorrhagic, anaphylactic, septic, neurogenic, cardiogenic, hypoglycemic, psychogenic
What is an oblique Fracture?
break occurs diagonally when torsion occurs on one end while the other is fixed
What is a Colles Fracture?
displaced radius that is 1 ½ in from wrist
What is a Jone’s Fracture?
avulsion fracture at the base of the 5th metatarsal
What is the formula for power?
force x distance
What does NOCSAE stand for?
National Operating Committee on Standards for Athletic Equipment
What are some signs of heat stroke?
disoriented, unconscious, no sweat, dry skin, hot, 104 degree temp, rapid and strong pulse
What Does ABCDE stand for when looking at skin abnormalities?
Asymmetry, Border, Color, Diameter, Elevation
What is released from glycolysis?
ADP and PO4
What are high risk times to be out in the sun?
10 am to 4 pm
What are the movements of the hamstrings?
hip extension/ knee flexion
What special tests are used for an AC Sprain?
Piano keys, apley’s scratch, AC traction, AC compression
What is the krebs cycle?
a process that occurs in the mitochondria that converts ADP to energy rich ATP
What are the seven steps of the budget cycle?
plan budget, gather feedback, build consensus, present final plan, approve, implement, evaluate
What is liability?
a quality or state of being legally obligated or accountable; legal responsibility to another or to society
What is a sign?
an objectively measurable and observable phenomenon associated with a disease
What is considered a beta- lactam antibiotic?
What are the ratios of scapulohumeral rhythm?
-0-30 degrees: 1:0
-30-90 degrees: 2:1
-90-180 degrees: 1:1
What are the carpal bones of the hand?
trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, scaphoid, hamate, triquetrum, pisiform, lunate
What is swan neck deformity?
Flexion of the MCP and DIP joints and hyperextension of the PIP joint
What are some signs of a concussion?
vacant stare, delayed verbal or motor responses, inability to focus, disorientation, slurred or incoherent speech, gross incoordination, heightened emotions, memory deficits
What are the different forces that can cause trauma to the body?
tensile, compression, shear, torsion, direct blow
Where do you take the measurements of a true leg length discrepancy?
ASIS to the medial malleolus
Where do you take the measurements of a functional leg length discrepancy?
each medial malleolus to the umbilicus
What is negligence?
failure to provide the standard of care that a reasonably prudent person would have provided
What are the four key areas of a policy and procedure manual?
policy, purpose, procedures, documentation
What motions does the rectus femoris do?
hip flexion, knee extension, anterior pelvic rotation
The Trendelenburg test tests for what muscle?
What group of muscles are consider the knee extensors?
rectus femoris, vastus medialis, vastus intermedialis, vastus lateralis
What muscles are in the deep posterior compartment of the leg?
tibialis posterior, flexor hallicus longus, flexor digitorum longus
What type of massage technique requires a stroking motion?
What is the difference between a cathode and anode?
- cathode- negatively charged electrode
-anode- positively charged electrode
What are the non-thermal effects of ultrasound?
increased fibroblastic activity, tissue regeneration, bone healing, pain modulation
What is the Hunting Response?
application of cold for too long causes a vasodilation to help maintain health of the cells
What is normal glucose level?
What should be included in a medical history?
chief complaint, description and course of present illness, personal medical history, family medical history, review of systems
What is the common drug to treat Asthma?
What is the point on the abdomen where it is indicative of Appendicitis?
What factors make people more susceptible to heat illness?
large body mass, age, conditioning level, poor hydration, history, medications and other substances
What Cranial nerve tests balance?
What cranial nerves are involved in eye movement?
oculomotor, trochlear, optic, abducens
What postures are associated with a spinal cord injury
decerebrate, decorticate, flextion contracture
What can a tear drop pupil be indicative of?
corneal abrasion or ruptured globe
What are the borders of the anatomical snuffbox?
abductor pollicus longus/ extensor pollicus brevis, extensor pollicus longus, scaphoid
What are the four locations in which the heart can be auscultated?
aortic, pulmonary, tricuspid, mitral
What is located in the Lower Right Quadrant?
Appendix, ureter, Bladder, Colon, Gonads
What motor test can be done to check the C4 nerve root?
What are MRIs used for?
seeing soft tissue structures such as ligaments and meniscal injuries
Why is altitude training dangerous for someone who has sickle cell trait?
the abnormal hemoglobin become deoxygenated and then clump together
How do you care for a superficial frostbite?
immersing the part in warm water (100-110 degrees)
What are the Fat-Soluble vitamins?
Vitamin A, D, E, K
What is normal heart rate and normal respiration at rest?
70-100bpm, 10-15 bpm
What are the electrolytes?
sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, calcium
Kehr’s signs is indicative of what?