Flashcards in Breeds & Life Cycles (2) Deck (70):
What is the definition of breed?
Animals that, through selection and breeding, have come to resemble one another and pass those traits uniformly to their offspring.
What is the definition of pedigree?
Record of an individual's ancestry.
What is the largest breed of cattle? (Most common).
Does black dominate coat color in cattle?
What does polled mean?
Hornless, but it must be natural. Doesn't mean polled if horns are man-removed.
What are some traits for the Angus cattle?
Maternal traits (lactation)
Carcass traits (intramuscular fat)
Most successful branded beef program
What does intra mean?
What does inter mean?
What are some characteristics of Hereford cattle?
Red & White
Horned & polled
Hardy- forage well
Developing branded beef program
What are some traits of Charolais cattle?
Horned & polled
Stay cooler under the sun
What are some traits of Simmental cattle?
Switzerland, Germany, France
Gold, white and horned
Black, red, and polled
Meat and milk producer
Good growth and disposition
What are reasons to have a Bos indicus influenced cattle breed?
Not as much intramuscular fat.
What are some characteristics of Holstein cattle?
Black and white
Milk- 3.66% fat
What are some traits of brown Swiss cattle?
Blackish, brown, silver
Milk- 4.04% fat
What are some traits for Ayrshire cattle?
Mahogany and white
Milk- 3.85% fat
What are some characteristics of jersey cattle?
Milk- 4.7% fat
What is negative energy balance?
Cow didn't eat enough to offset milk production.
What is peak lactation?
Providing the most energy and protein to the calf.
Why don't you commonly keep a dairy bull?
They are mean.
What is estrus?
When are dairy calves weaned?
How is colostrum provided to dairy calves?
What are dairy calves fed?
Milk replacer for 6-8 weeks.
Are dairy calves introduced to dry feed earlier than others?
Yes. It stimulates rumen function and reduces cost.
Why are dairy calves raised separately?
To reduce disease and competition for feed. It also improves performance.
What is the age of puberty for sheep?
What is the age at first lambing?
What are the meat breeds of sheep?
What are traits for meat breeds of sheep?
What are examples of ewe breeds?
Rambouillet, cross breeds
What are traits for ewe breeds?
Maternal traits- prolificacy, milk production, mothering ability, wool.
What are examples of long wool breeds of sheep?
What are examples of fine wool sheep breeds?
What is an example of hair sheep?
What is the birth weight in swine?
3 to 4 pounds
At what age do you wean pigs?
18 to 38 days
What is farrowing?
Giving birth to piglets.
How many piglets are in one litter?
7 to 14
What is a sow called that has had three litters?
Third parity sow
What are traits of a Yorkshire pig?
White with erect ears
Maternal breed- good mothers.
What are traits of landrace pigs?
White, ears down
High average post weaning survival
What are traits of Duroc pigs?
Red, down ears
Known for fast growth and good feed efficiency
2nd largest registration
What are traits of Hampshire pigs?
Black with white belt, erect ears
Known for lean carcasses
3rd most popular breed
What is the birth weight of foals?
What is the weaning age of foals?
At what age has a horse hit puberty?
At what age is a mare bred?
2 years of age
What is the life expectancy of a horse?
What is the most numerous breed of horses in the U.S.?
What is the oldest breed of horse?
What is the most numerous draft horse breed?
How many kittens are born in each litter?
3 to 5 per 3-4 oz kitten
What is the weaning age of kittens?
What is the puberty age of cats?
5-10 months for females
5-7 months for males
What is the mature weight of cats?
9-11 lbs- depending on breed and gender.
What is the puberty age for dogs?
How many puppies are in a litter?
1-4 for small breeds
As many as 12 for large
Does weight vary upon breed for dogs?
What is the life expectancy for dogs?
Smaller breeds live longer
What is the life span of a rabbit?
What is the birth weight of rabbits?
What is the mature weight for rabbits?
Small: 2-4 lbs
Medium: 9-12 lbs
Large: 14-16 lbs
What is the breeding age for rabbits?
Do bucks mature 1 month later than does?
What is cuniculture?
Practice of breeding and raising domestic rabbits for meat, fur, or wool.
What is rabbitry?
A place where domestic rabbits are kept and bred.
Are does induced ovulators?
What is kindling?
Term used for giving birth.
What is the average litter size in rabbits?
25-30 per year