Breeds & Life Cycles (2) Flashcards Preview

AVS 109 > Breeds & Life Cycles (2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Breeds & Life Cycles (2) Deck (70):
1

What is the definition of breed?

Animals that, through selection and breeding, have come to resemble one another and pass those traits uniformly to their offspring.

2

What is the definition of pedigree?

Record of an individual's ancestry.

3

What is the largest breed of cattle? (Most common).

Angus

4

Does black dominate coat color in cattle?

Yes.

5

What does polled mean?

Hornless, but it must be natural. Doesn't mean polled if horns are man-removed.

6

What are some traits for the Angus cattle?

Scotland
Black, polled
Maternal traits (lactation)
Carcass traits (intramuscular fat)
Most successful branded beef program

7

What does intra mean?

Within

8

What does inter mean?

Between

9

What are some characteristics of Hereford cattle?

England
Red & White
Horned & polled
Hardy- forage well
Good disposition
Developing branded beef program

10

What are some traits of Charolais cattle?

France
White- predominately
Horned & polled
Large size
Stay cooler under the sun
Forage well
Carcass trait
Heavy muscled
Terminal sire

11

What are some traits of Simmental cattle?

Switzerland, Germany, France
Gold, white and horned
Black, red, and polled
Meat and milk producer
Good growth and disposition

12

What are reasons to have a Bos indicus influenced cattle breed?

Performs better
Not as much intramuscular fat.

13

What are some characteristics of Holstein cattle?

Holland
1400 pounds
Black and white
Milk- 3.66% fat

14

What are some traits of brown Swiss cattle?

Switzerland
1500 pounds
Blackish, brown, silver
Milk- 4.04% fat

15

What are some traits for Ayrshire cattle?

Scotland
1200 pounds
Mahogany and white
Milk- 3.85% fat

16

What are some characteristics of jersey cattle?

Jersey isle
1000 pounds
Fawn, blackish-brown
Milk- 4.7% fat

17

What is negative energy balance?

Cow didn't eat enough to offset milk production.

18

What is peak lactation?

Providing the most energy and protein to the calf.

19

Why don't you commonly keep a dairy bull?

They are mean.

20

What is estrus?

Heat

21

When are dairy calves weaned?

Immediately

22

How is colostrum provided to dairy calves?

Milk pail

23

What are dairy calves fed?

Milk replacer for 6-8 weeks.

24

Are dairy calves introduced to dry feed earlier than others?

Yes. It stimulates rumen function and reduces cost.

25

Why are dairy calves raised separately?

To reduce disease and competition for feed. It also improves performance.

26

What is the age of puberty for sheep?

5-6 months

27

What is the age at first lambing?

1 year

28

What are the meat breeds of sheep?

Suffolk
Hampshire
Dorset

29

What are traits for meat breeds of sheep?

Growth rates
Carcass quality

30

What are examples of ewe breeds?

Rambouillet, cross breeds

31

What are traits for ewe breeds?

Maternal traits- prolificacy, milk production, mothering ability, wool.

32

What are examples of long wool breeds of sheep?

Romney, Lincoln

33

What are examples of fine wool sheep breeds?

Merino, Rambouillet

34

What is an example of hair sheep?

Barbados blackbelly

35

What is the birth weight in swine?

3 to 4 pounds

36

At what age do you wean pigs?

18 to 38 days

37

What is farrowing?

Giving birth to piglets.

38

How many piglets are in one litter?

7 to 14

39

What is a sow called that has had three litters?

Third parity sow

40

What are traits of a Yorkshire pig?

White with erect ears
Most registrations
Maternal breed- good mothers.

41

What are traits of landrace pigs?

White, ears down
Maternal breed
High average post weaning survival

42

What are traits of Duroc pigs?

Red, down ears
Known for fast growth and good feed efficiency
2nd largest registration
Terminal breed

43

What are traits of Hampshire pigs?

Black with white belt, erect ears
Known for lean carcasses
3rd most popular breed
Terminal breed

44

What is the birth weight of foals?

104 lbs

45

What is the weaning age of foals?

4-6 months

46

At what age has a horse hit puberty?

12-15 months

47

At what age is a mare bred?

2 years of age

48

What is the life expectancy of a horse?

25-30 years

49

What is the most numerous breed of horses in the U.S.?

Quarter horses

50

What is the oldest breed of horse?

Arabian

51

What is the most numerous draft horse breed?

Belgian

52

How many kittens are born in each litter?

3 to 5 per 3-4 oz kitten

53

What is the weaning age of kittens?

6-7 weeks

54

What is the puberty age of cats?

5-10 months for females
5-7 months for males

55

What is the mature weight of cats?

9-11 lbs- depending on breed and gender.

56

What is the puberty age for dogs?

6-24 months

57

How many puppies are in a litter?

1-4 for small breeds
As many as 12 for large

58

Does weight vary upon breed for dogs?

Yes.

59

What is the life expectancy for dogs?

6-15 years
Smaller breeds live longer

60

What is the life span of a rabbit?

5-15 years

61

What is the birth weight of rabbits?

1.75-2.3 oz

62

What is the mature weight for rabbits?

Small: 2-4 lbs
Medium: 9-12 lbs
Large: 14-16 lbs

63

What is the breeding age for rabbits?

4-8 months

64

Do bucks mature 1 month later than does?

Yes.

65

What is cuniculture?

Practice of breeding and raising domestic rabbits for meat, fur, or wool.

66

What is rabbitry?

A place where domestic rabbits are kept and bred.

67

Are does induced ovulators?

Yes.

68

What is kindling?

Term used for giving birth.

69

What is the average litter size in rabbits?

8-10 babies
25-30 per year

70

What is the weaning age and weight of rabbits?

4-8 weeks at 1.25-4 lbs