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Respiratory > Bronchiectasis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bronchiectasis Deck (10):
1

What is bronchiectasis.

Chronic infection of the bronchi and bronchioles leading to permanent dilatation of these airways.

2

What are the main causative organisms of bronchiectasis. (4)

H. influenza.
Strep pneumonia.
Staph aureus.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

3

What are the congenital causes of bronchiectasis. (4)

CF.
Young's syndrome.
Primary ciliary dyskinesia.
Kartanger's syndrome.

4

What are the post-infective causes of bronchiectasis. (6)

Measles.
Pertussis.
Bronchiolitis.
Pneumonia.
TB.
HIV.

5

What are the other causes of bronchiectasis. (6)

Bronchial obstruction 9tumours, foreign body).
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA).
Hypogammaglobulinaemia.
Rheumatoid arthritis.
UC.
Idiopathic.

6

What are the symptoms of bronchiectasis. (3)

Persistent cough.
Copious purulent sputum.
Intermittent haemoptysis.

7

What are the physical signs of bronchiectasis. (3)

Finger clubbing.
Coarse inspiratory crepitations.
Wheeze (asthma, COPD, ABPA).

8

What are the complications of bronchiectasis. (6)

Pneumonia.
Pleural effusion.
Pneumothorax.
Haemoptysis.
Cerebral abscess.
Amyloidosis.

9

What can be seen on the CXR of a patient with bronchiectasis. (2)

Cystic shadows.
Thickened bronchial walls (tramline and ring shadows).

10

What sort of pattern is often seen on spirometry of a patient with bronchiectasis.

Obstructive pattern.