BRS Physiology - Master List of Hormones 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BRS Physiology - Master List of Hormones 2 Deck (15):
1

Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin)

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

ADH

Posterior pituitary

Stimulates H2O reabsorption by renal collecting ducts and contraction of arterioles

2

L-thyroxine

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

 

T4 

Thyroid gland

  • Converts to T

3

Triiodothyronine

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

 

T3

Thyroid gland

  • Skeletal growth;
  • ↑ O2 consumption;
  • heat production
  • ↑ protein, fat, and carbohydrate use
  • maturation of nervous system (perinatal) 

4

Glucocorticoids (cortisol)

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Glucocorticoids (cortisol)

Adrenal cortex

  • Stimulates gluconeogenesis
  • Anti-inflammatory 
  • Immunosuppression

5

Estradiol

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Ovary

  • Growth and development of female reproductive organs
  • Follicular phase of menstrual cycle

6

Progesterone

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Ovary

Luteal phase of menstrual cycle

7

Testosterone

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Testes

  • Spermatogenesis
  • Male secondary sex characteristics

8

Parathyroid hormone

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

PTH

Parathyroid gland

  • ↑ Serum [Ca2+]
  • ↓ serum [phosphate] 

9

Calcitonin

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Thyroid gland (parafollicular cells)

↓ Serum [Ca2+]
 

10

Aldosterone

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Adrenal cortex

  • ↑ Renal Na+ reabsorption 
  • ↑ renal K+ secretion
  • ↑renal H+ secretion
     

11

1,25-Dihydroxycholecalciferol

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Kidney (activation)

  • ↑ Intestinal Ca2+ absorption
  • ↑ bone mineralization
     

12

Insulin

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Pancreas (beta cells)

  • ↓ Blood [glucose]
  • ↓ blood [amino acid]
  • ↓ blood[fatty acid]

13

Glucagon

  1. Gland of Origin
  2. Major Action 

Pancreas (alpha cells)

↑ Blood [glucose]

↑ blood [fatty acid] 

14

Human chorionic gonadotropin

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

HCG

Placenta

↑ Estrogen and progesterone synthesis in corpus
luteum of pregnancy 

15

Human placental lactogen

  1. Abbreviation
  2. Gland of Origin
  3. Major Action 

HPL

Placenta

Same actions as growth hormone and prolactin during pregnancy

Recap:

GH - Stimulates protein synthesis and overall growth

Prolactin - Stimulates milk production and breast development