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Flashcards in Buddhism Deck (26)
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1

Ehi - Passika

come and see

2

is Buddhism a Religion?

- there's no Gods
- the scripture should not be taken literally
- focus on practical questions instead of the metaphysical
- take inspiration from teachers but discover the faith for yourself

3

Hindu history

- Indus valley was invaded by the Aryan warriors
- they bought the Vedas with them which combined with the indigenous culture
- the Upanishads texts were revealed and led to Brahmanism

4

Vedic world views

- focus on this physical world
- emphasis on community
- focus on ritual and prayer
- you are the mind and body

5

Upanishadic world views

- focus on the spiritual world
- emphasis on the individual
- focus on samsara and karma
- we are our Atman

6

moksha

liberation and escaping samsara (Upanishads)

7

Shruti

revealed texts that cannot be questioned

8

Atman

- our awareness and our true self
- we are all the same Atman
- only thing with ultimate existence

9

transmigration

the soul moving into another body

10

Buddha's birth

- took 7 steps when he was born
- announced his mission
- his mother dreamt of a white elephant

11

The Dhamma (quote)

"a raft to cross over" - used as a means to an end to overcome practical challenges

12

the 3 great bads

decay, death, disease

13

dukkha

suffering

14

sukkha

happiness and health

15

eternalism

the true self is an external self and this life is to be overcome
- brahaminism
- jainism
- ajivikas

16

annihilation

life is to be enjoyed as it's the true reality and the self is material
- materialists

17

the 4 noble truths

1. dukka - all life is suffering
2. samodaya - suffering is caused by craving
3. nirodha - suffering has an ending
4. magga - follow the eightfold path

18

the 3 marks of existence

1. dukkha
2. anatta
3. annica

19

the first noble truth

3 forms of suffering:
1. ordinary
2. change
3. all pervasive (we don't see the world the way it is)

20

annica

2 forms of impermanence:
1. gross = things in the cosmos changing (history)
2. subtle = there are no static entities despite what our perception says

21

anatta

the 5 aspects of the self
1. consciousness
2. sense perception
3. form/body
4. emotions
5. motivation
these are constantly changing

22

Ryle

used the analogy of the university to show it's a category error to say that the self is separate from the parts of the body

23

5 bundles of grasping

1. material form
2. feelings
3. will (intention)
4. thoughts
5. consciousness

24

dependent origination

everything has a cause and effect

25

how the marks of existence are connected

becoming attached to our current selves causes suffering as nothing is impermanent so everything will change

26

the 3 refuges

1. buddha
2. dhamma
3. sangha