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Flashcards in Buddhist Practices Deck (38):
1

5 features a temple might have

A main hall
A meditation room
A pagoda or stupa
A study hall
Might be part of a monastery

2

Buddharupa

A statue (focus in a main hall)

3

What do they do in the main hall?

Make offerings to Buddha
Express gratitude for his teachings and example

4

What offerings do Buddhists give to Buddha and how are they symbolic?

Candle - wisdom
Flowers - impermanence and incense

5

Gompa

What Tibetan Buddhists call the meditation room

6

What do pagodas or stupas contain?

Holy relics

7

Stupa

Buildings which contain the remains of monks or nuns

8

Describe how the stupa is built

Mound at the bottom - represents earth
Tower of different shapes - represents water, fire and air
Point / spire - represents wisdom

9

Vihara

Monastery

10

What do they do in worship?

Make an offering
Chant from the texts of teachings
Recite a mantra

11

Chant the three refuges

‘I go to the Buddha for refuge; I go to the Dhamma for refuge; I go to the Sangha for refuge’

12

What is the sound of compassion?

‘om mani padme hum’

13

Mala

A string of 108 prayer beads

14

5 moral precepts

‘I abstain from taking life, I abstain from taking what is not freely given, I abstain from misuse of the senses, I abstain from wrong speech, I abstain from intoxicants that cloud the mind’

15

4 types of meditation

Samatha, Vipassana, Visualisation and loving kindness

16

Samatha meditation

Focus on breath when mind wanders
Aim is to calm the mind
Might use a bowl of water, candle or red circle to focus their concentration (10 Kasinas)

17

Vipassana meditation

Focusing on the present and how things and feelings feel

18

Visualisation meditation

Look at something (eg a picture) then take it away and visualise it in your head

19

Thankas

Paintings of the Buddha used in visualisation meditation

20

Mandalas

Detailed, circular patterns used in visualisation meditation

21

Kamma

The la of consequences

22

Skilful actions

Rooted in generosity, compassion and understanding. These lead to happiness :)

23

Unskillful actions

Rooted in the 3 poisons of ignorance, greed and hate. These lead to suffering :(

24

What do traditional Buddhists teach that good or bad kamma will lead to?

Re-birth in one of six realms including the realm of the animals, tormented beings and humans. The realm of the human is the best to achieve enlightenment

25

Karuna

Compassion, wanting others to be free of suffering (only people who are suffering)

26

Example of compassion (Buddha)

Buddhas decision to share what he learnt about suffering and how to overcome it. He could of kept them to himself but instead chose to teach others

27

Four sublime states

Loving kindness, compassion, sympathetic joy and equanimity
Mahayana Buddhists believe these are critical in becoming a bodhisattva

28

ROKPA

Buddhist charity that sets up schools in LEDCs. (Also teach about karuna to change society)

29

Metta

Attitude of loving kindness TO ALL PEOPLE

30

Loving kindness meditation

Visualise happiness for yourself, a close friend, neutral person, someone you don’t like then everyone

31

What do people do at a Buddhist retreat?

Stay with others with the same faith for a few days
Live a simple life
Practise meditation and Buddhist rituals
Lectures and workshops

32

Aim of Buddhist retreats

To deepen their understanding of buddhas teachings

33

2 main festivals

Wesak and Parinirvana

34

What does Wesak festival celebrate?

Buddhas birth, achieved enlightenment and died all on a full moon (once a year)
(Festival of light)

35

What do they do in a Wesak festival

Decorate homes with candles and paper lanterns
Give food, candles and flowers to the monks
Monks will chant
Singapore - release birds (symbol of liberation, released from troubles)
Indonesia - release lit lanterns

36

What does Parinirvana festival celebrate?

Buddhas death of physical body. During February

37

What do they do in a Parinirvana festival?

Remember dead love ones (focus is anicca)
Mahaparinirvana Sutra is passed round and read
Go on retreats
Pilgrimage (religious people go to...) to Kushinagar in India where Buddha died

38

Mahaparinirvana Sutra

Scripture about Buddha’s last days