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Flashcards in Bugs and Drugs Deck (26):
1

4 drugs used to tx M. Tuberculosis

  • Rifampin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol (RIPE for treatment) 

2

  • Rifampin, Isoniazid, Pyrazinamide, Ethambutol (RIPE for treatment) 

4 drugs used to tx M. Tuberculosis

3

Used as prophylaxis for M. tuberculosis

Isoniazid 

4

Isoniazid 

Used as prophylaxis for M. tuberculosis

5

Used as prophylaxis for M. avium intracellulare

Azithromycin, rifabutin 

6

Azithromycin, rifabutin 

Used as prophylaxis for M. avium intracellulare

7

tx for m. avium intracellulare

  • Azithromycin or clarithromycin + ethambutol.
  • Can add rifabutin or ciprofloxacin 

8

  • Azithromycin or clarithromycin + ethambutol.
  • Can add rifabutin or ciprofloxacin 

tx for m. avium intracellulare

9

Tx for M. leprae

  • Long-term treatment with dapsone and rifampin for tuberculoid form.
  • Add clofazimine for lepromatous form. 

10

  • Long-term treatment with dapsone and rifampin for tuberculoid form.
  • Add clofazimine for lepromatous form. 

Tx for M. leprae

11

Prophylaxis for Endocarditis with surgical or dental procedures 

12

prophylaxis for Gonorrhea 

13

prophylaxis for history of recurrent UTIs 

14

prophylaxis for Meningococcal infection 

15

prophylaxis for pregnant woman carrying group B strep 

16

prophylaxis for prevention of gonococcal or chlamydial conjunctivitis in newborn 

17

prophylaxis for prevention of postsurgical infection due to S. aureus 

18

Prophylaxis of strep pharyngitis in child with prior rheumatic fever 

19

prophylaxis for syphillis

Benzathine penicillin G 

20

tx for MRSA

vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid (can cause serotonin syndrome), tigecycline, ceftaroline. 

21

vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid (can cause serotonin syndrome), tigecycline, ceftaroline. 

tx for MRSA

22

Tx for VRE

linezolid and streptogramins (quinupristin/dalfopristin) 

23

linezolid and streptogramins (quinupristin/dalfopristin) 

Tx for VRE

24

Prophylaxis for HIV pt with Pneumocystic pneumonia and CD4 count < 200

  • TMP-SMX
  • aerosolized pentamidine may be used if patient is unable to tolerate TMP-SMX, but this may not prevent toxoplasmosis infection concurrently

25

Prophylaxis for HIV pt with Pneumocystic pneumonia  and toxoplasmosis and CD4 count < 100

  • TMP-SMX
  • aerosolized pentamidine may be used if patient is unable to tolerate TMP-SMX, but this may not prevent toxoplasmosis infection concurrently

26

Prophylaxis for HIV pt with Mycobacterium axium complex (MAC)  and toxoplasmosis and CD4 count < 50

Azithromycin