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Flashcards in Burgundy Deck (130):
1

Map of Côte de Nuits

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Name the villages north to south

2

Map of Côte de Beaune

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Name the villages north to south

3

Map of Maconnais and Beaujolais

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Name the appellations

4

Map of Northern CdNuits

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Name the Grand Crus and 1er Crus

5

Map of Vosne-Romanée

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Name the Grand Crus and most important 1er Crus

6

Map of Chassagne

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Name the Grand Crus and important 1er Crus

7

Map of Puligny

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Name the Grand Crus and important 1er Crus

8

Map of Beaujolais

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Name the communes north to south

9

Clos Vougeot has over how many owners?

80

10

Who is the largest land owner in the Côte d'Or?

Bouchard Père & Fils

11

In which département is Chablis?

Yonne département

12

Chardonnay is a crossing between Pinot Nori and what?

Gouais Blanc

13

Bourgogne AOP wines may be which colors?

red, white and rosé

14

How is Coteaux Bourgignons different from Bourgogne AOP?

They share the same dimensions, but Coteaux Bourgignon allows for Gamay while Bourgogne does not.

 

Inexpensive white and rosé wines are also authorized.

 

Came to be in 2011 - it replaed the little used Bourgogne Grand Ordinaire AOP

15

Give some examples of villages that can append their name to Bourgogne AOP:

Chitry, Vézelay and Épineuil

16

What were the 4 lieux-dits approved in the 1990s as geographic designations for Bourgogne AOP?

La Chapelle Notre Dame, Le Chapitre,

Côte St-Jacques, and Montrecul

17

Côte de Beaune-Villages wines are red, white, or both?

Red only

18

Grapes for Côte de Beaune-Villages can be sourced from any village EXCEPT:

Pommard, Volnay, Aloxe-Corton, and Beaune

19

Côte de Nuits-Villages wines are red, white or both?

Mostly red and rarely white

20

The grapes for Côte de Nuits-Villages can only be sourced from which villages?

Fixin and Brochon in the north, and Prissey, Corgoloin, and Comblanchien in the south

21

 Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains AOP is what % Pinot Noir and Gamay?

Minimum 30% PN, min 15% Gamay

- other allowable grapes must be <15% (CH, PG, PB)

22

What are the two sparkling wine AOPs of Burgundy?

Crémant de Bourgogne and Bourgogne Mousseux

23

Bourgogne Mousseux is exclusively what?

Sparkling red - PN and Gamay

- max 10% combined Aligoté, CH, PG, PB

- Méthod Traditionelle

- 9 mos sur lie, can be released immediately

24

Monopole grand cru AOP mandates what?

Hand harvesting

25

What are the Grand Crus of Chablis?

Bougros

Preuses

Vaudésir

Grenouilles

Valmur

Les Clos

Blanchot

26

Which level of Chablis really gets new oak?

Grand Cru

27

What is argillaceous limestone?

When the limestone/clay soil is more limestone

28

What is the liter size and name of the barrel generally used in Burgundy?

228L, pièce

29

Most white wines and all red wines undergo malolactic fermentation in Burgundy.  True or False?

True

30

Henri Jayer advocated total de-stemming or whole cluster?

Total de-stemming

31

Is bâtonnage an oxidative procedure?

Yes.  It is not used on whites that are meant for long-term aging.

32

How many Grand Cru vineyards are in the Côte de Nuits and which one may produce white wine?

24; Musigny.

33

How many Grand Cru vineyards are in Gevrey-Chambertin?

9, the largest number of any village in the CdN.

34

What is the top 1er Cru vineyard in Gevrey?

Clos St. Jacques.  It's better than Charmes and Latricières.

35

Name some top Gevrey-Chambertin producers:

Armand Rousseau, Domaine Fourrier, Claude Dugat

36

What are the 2 Grand Crus of Chambolle?

Bonnes Mares (north, abuts Morey-Saint-Denis) and Musigny (south, abuts Clos de Vougeot)

37

Name some top 1er Crus in Chambolle

Les Fuées, next to Bonnes Mares

Les Amoureuses, right next to Musigny

38

Name some top Chambolle producers

Georges de Vogüé, Ghislaine Barthod, Georges (and Christophe) Roumier, and Perrot-Minot

39

What are the 4 (and sometimes 5th) Grand Crus of Morey-Saint-Denis north to south?

Clos de la Roche, Clos-Saint-Denis, Clos des Lanbrays, Clos de Tart (and a sliver of Bonnes Mares)

40

Name some top Morey-Saint-Denis producers:

Dujac, Ponsot, Hubert Lignier, Lignier-Michelot

41

Clos de Vougeot is the sole Grand Cru in the village of Vougeot.  What are Vougeot's 1er Cru villages?

Clos de la Perrière, Les Petits Vougeot, Les Cras and Le Clos Blanc.

42

What are the 6 Grand Crus of Vosne-Romanée?

La Romanée, a monopole of Comtes Liger-Belair and the smallest AOP in France

 La Tâche and Romanée-Conti, both owned by the Domaine de la Romanée-Conti

 La Grande Rue, property of Domaine François Lamarche

Richebourg

Romanée-Saint-Vivant

43

Name some top 1er Crus in Vosne-Romanée

Les Suchots

Aux Malconsorts

Beaux Monts

Les Petits Monts

Cros Parentoux

Clos de Réas (monopole for Michel Gros)

44

Only one 1er Cru in Vosne-Romanée does NOT abut a Grand Cru.  Which is it?

Michel Gros’ monopole Clos des Réas

45

Name some top Vosne-Romanée producers

DRC, Lamarche, Sylvain Cathiard, Leroy,

Méo-Camuzet, Anne Gros

46

Name some top producers in Nuits-Saint-Georges

Henri Gouges, Jean-Jacques Confuron,

Robert Chevillon, Jacques-Fréderique Mugnier (Clos de la Maréchale)

47

Are there any Grand Crus in Nuis-Saint-Georges?

No

48

Is Corton or Clos de Vougeot the largest single grand cru appellation in all of Burgundy?

Corton

49

What are the top 1er Crus in Pommard?

Les Rugiens, Les Chaponnières (abuts Rugiens), 

Les Epenots

50

Name some top Pommard producers

Anne Parent, Comte Armand, Michel Gaunoux

51

Name some top 1er Crus in Volnay

Les Caillerets, Champans, Clos des Chênes, Taillepieds, and Marquis d’Angerville’s monopole Clos des Ducs, Les Brouillards, Bousse d'Or (monopole for La Pousse d'Or)

52

Name some top Volnay producers

Hubert de Montille, Lafarge, Marquis d'Angerville, Fontaine-Gagnard, Comtes Lafon

53

Name some top Meursault producers

Comtes Lafon, François Mikulski, Roulot,

Coche-Dury, Arnaud Ente

54

What are the top 1er Crus of Meursault?

Genevrières, Gouttes d'Or, Les Perrières

55

Which two Grand Crus are shared between Puligny and Chassagne?

Montrachet and Bâtard-Montrachet

56

Which sees more oak: Puligny or Meursault?

Meursault, generally

57

Which 1er Crus in Puligny abut the Grand Crus?

Les Pucelles, Le Cailleret, and Les Demoiselles

58

Top Puligny producers?

Domainen Leflaive, Jacques Carillon, Etienne Sauzet

59

Top Chassange producers:

Ramonet, Pierre-Yves Colin-Morey, Fontaine-Gagnard, Morey-Coffinet, Jean-Noël Gagnard

60

Top Chassagne 1er Crus:

Blanchot Dessus, Chenevottes, La Maltroie,

En Cailleret, Les Chaumées

61

What are the 5 main villages of the

Côte Chalonnaise?

Bouzeron, Rully, Givry, Mercurey and Montagny

62

Most Mâcon white are raised in oak or stainless steel?

Stainless steel

63

What are the 5 AOPs in the Mâcon and what do they exclusively make?

Chardonnay

Pouilly-Fuissé, Pouilly-Loché, Pouilly-Vinzelles, Saint-Véran, and Viré-Clessé

64

What are the 4 communes of Pouilly-Fuissé?

Fuissé, Solutré-Pouilly, Vergisson, and Chaintré

65

What are the 10 crus of Beaujolais?

 St-Amour, Juliénas, Chénas, Moulin-a-Vent, Fleurie, Chiroubles, Morgon, Régnié, Brouilly,

Côte de Brouilly

66

Other than Pommard and Volnay, which commune of the Côte de Beaune produces red wines exclusively?

Blagny

67

What is Lutte Raisonée?

It is a tempered approach to vineyard management wherein the grower limits chemical applications to times of necessity, rather than spraying recurrently.

They'll use copper- or sulfur-based sprays rather than synthetic ones, and may choose sustainable options like sexual confusion.

68

The most distressing disease currently appearing in Burgundy vineyards is neither viral nor fungal, however, but bacterial in origin: flavescence dorée.  What is it?

A disease caused by the spread of phytoplasma, specialized bacteria that are parasitic to plant material. Leafhopper insects spread the bacteria from vine to vine; growth slows, berries shrivel, leaves yellow, and the vine itself may die. Currently there is no cure beyond uprooting the vine and starting anew. I first appeared in Burgundy in 2004.

69

The major 1er Crus of Right Bank Chablis:

Montée de Tonnerre, Mont de Milieu, Fourchaume, Vaucoupin, Berdiot, Côte de Vaubarousse,

Les Fourneaux

70

The major 1er Crus of Left Bank Chablis:

Côte de Léchet, Montmains, Vau de Vey, Vaillons, Vosgros,Beauroy, Chaume de Talvat, Côte de Jouan, Les Beauregards, Vau Ligneau

71

Top Chablis producers NOT INCLUDING Dauvissat and Raveneau:

Tribut, Christian Moreau, Droin, Picq, Piuze

72

Can Aligoté be used in Beaujolais blanc?

Yes, but only if planted before 2005.

73

When was the release of Beajolais Nouveau first authorized?

1951

74

Coteaux du Lyonnais AOP is north or south of Beaujolais?

About an hour's drive south.

75

Coteaux du Lyonnais red and white grapes?

Red - Gamay

White - CH, PB, Aligoté

76

Name some élite Chambertin Grand Cru producers.

Armand Rousseau

Jacques Prieur

Leroy

Dujac

Ponsot

Jean Trapet

Rossignol-Trapet

77

What are 2 oddball red grapes in the Yonne département?

César

Tressot - may not be replanted

78

What are the 4 communes of the Yonne département?

Chablis

Auxerre

St. Bris

Irancy

79

What is the capital of the Côte d'Or département?

Dijon (northern end of the CdNuits)

80

Name some Négotiants in Burgundy.

Maison Faiveley

Olivier Leflaive

Domaine Leroy

Remoissenet

 

81

When did domaine bottling take off in Burgundy?

1930s

82

Before Burgundy was annexed by France in 1477, a Valois nobleman founded a charity that was the beneficiary of many donated vineyards.  Who's the nobleman and what's the charity?

Nicolas Rolin

Hôtel-Dieu, which is now Hospices de Beaune.

83

The Valois Dukes ordered which vines to be ripped up and when?

Gamay, 1400s

84

Crémant de Bourgogne is which method?

Méthod Traditionelle (Champenoise)

85

Pinot Gris is aka ___ in Burgundy.

Pinot Beurot

86

Which 4 lieux-dits were approved in the 1990s for Bourgogne AOP?

La Chapelle Notre Dame

Le Chapitre

Côte St.-Jacques

Montrecul

87

Which 3 villages in the Yonne département can append their names to the Bourgogne AOP?

Chitry

Vézelay

Épineuil

88

Minimum abv for Chablis Grand Cru?

11%

89

What is the name and size of barrels used in Burgundy?

Pièce - 228L

90

What is the one white GC in the Nuits?

What is the one red GC in the Beaune?

White - Musigny

Red - Corton

91

List the 9 villages of the CdNuits north to south.

Marsannay

Fixin

Gevrey-Chambertin

Morey-Saint-Denis

Chambolle-Musigny

Vougeot

Flagey-Échézeaux

Vosne-Romanée

Nuits-Saint-Georges

92

Can Flagey-Échézeaux label their wines as Vosne-Romanée?

Yes

93

Can Prémeaux label their wines as Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Yes

94

How many Grand Crus are their in the CdNuits?

24

- 1 allows for white, Musigny. Comte Georges de Vogüé

95

Name 3 top Gevrey producers.

Fourrier

Armand Rousseau

Claude Dugat

96

Which Côte d'Or village is the largest viticultural source?

Gevrey-Chambertin

- it has 370ha of PN plus 50ha in neighboring Brochon

- it also has the most GC vyds

97

Top estates in Morey-Saint-Denis?

Dujac

Ponsot

Hubert Lignier

98

Top estates in Chambolle?

Roumier

Ghislaine Barthod

Perrot-Minot

99

What are the 4 1er Crus of Vougeot?

Clos de la Perrière

Les Petits Vougeot

Les Cras

Le Clos Blanc

100

What are the 3 climats within Clos de Vougeot?

Grand Maupertuis

Petit Maupertuis

Musigni

101

Top producers in Nuits-Saint-Georges?

Henri Gouges

Jean-Jacques Confuron

Domaine de Perdrix

J.F. Mugnier

102

Top producers in Vosne-Romanée?

DRC

Méo-Camuzet

Michel Gros

Henri Jayer (now run by his nephew, Emmanuel Rouget)

Lamarche

Sylvain Cathiard

103

Are Richebourg and Romanée-Saint-Vivant monopoles?

No.  They are the only 2 GCs in Vosne that have multiple owners.

104

Who owns Romanée-Conti?

DRC

105

List the 9 Grand Crus of Gevrey north to south.

Ruchottes-Chambertin

Mazis-Chambertin

Chambertin - Clos de Bèze

Chapelle-Chambertin

Griotte-Chambertin

Chambertin

Charmes-Chambertin

Mazoyères-Chambertin

Latricières-Chambertin

 

 

106

What was the last Grand Cru to be promoted in Burgundy?

La Grande Rue (Vosne-Romanée) in 1992.

107

What are the 2 Grand Crus of Flagey-Échézeaux?

Échézeaux

Grands-Échézeaux

108

What is the 1 Grand Cru of Vougeot?

Clos de Vougeot

109

What are the 2 Grand Crus of Chambolle?

Bonnes Mares (north)

Musigny (south - Les Amoureuses abuts it)

- Fun Fact: red Musigny can have up to 15% mixed plantings of PG, PB and CH

110

What are the 4 Grand Crus of Morey-Saint-Denis, north to south?

Clos de la Roche

Clos Saint-Denis

Clos des Lambrays - most owned by LVMH

Clos de Tart - monopole Mommessin

There's a smidge of Bonnes Mares

 

111

Top Meursault producers?

Coche-Dury

Roulot

Comtes Lafon

Mikulski

112

Top Volnay producers?

d'Angerville

Hubert de Montille

Michel Lafarge

Ampeau

113

Top Volnay 1er Crus?

Taillepieds

Caillerets

Clos des Chênes

Clos de Ducs - monopole d'Angerville

Santenots

114

Top Pommard vineyards?

Les Rugiens (Hauts and Bas)

Les Epenots

- Clos des Epeneaux/Comte Armand

115

6 Vosne-Romanée Grand Crus:

Richebourg

Romanée-Saint-Vivant

La Romanée

La Romanée-Conti

La Grande Rue

La Tache

116

The Côte Chalonnaise lies within which département?

Saône-et-Loire

117

What are the 3 Grand Crus of Chassagne?

Which 2 1er Crus abut them?

Montrachet

Bâtard-Montrachet

Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet

 

1er Crus: Blanchot-Dessus and Dent de Chien

118

What are the 4 Grand Crus of Puligny-Montrachet?

Le Montrachet

Bâtard-Montrachet

Chevalier-Montrachet

Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet

119

List the 3 Grand Crus of Aloxe Corton, Ladoix-Serrigny, Pernand-Vergelesses.

Corton

Corton-Charlemagne

Charlemagne

- PB may not exceed 10% of teh plantings and may not exceed 30% of the blend for any of the white Grand Crus.

120

Which 2 villages in the CdBeaune have no 1er Crus?

St. Romain

Chorey-les-Beaune

121

Top 1er Crus is Chassagne?

Les Chenevottes

Clos de la Maltroie

En Cailleret

Champsgain

Morgeot

122

Top 1er Crus in Puligny?  Which ones abut Grand Crus?

Le Cailleret (abuts Le Montrachet)

Les Pucelles (abuts Bâtard and Bienvenues)

Clavoillon

Folatières

123

The village of Blagny labels its white wines ___ and its red wines ___.

white: Meursault-Blagny

red: Blagny AOP

124

In the Mâconnais, the ___ AOP covers red, white and rosé.

Mâcon AOP

125

What are the 5 main villages of the Côte Chalonnaise, north to south?

Rully

Bouzeron (Aligoté only, no 1er Crus)

Mercurey

Givry

Montagny (whites only - any wine >11.5% can be labeled 1er Cru)

126

Is the Chalonnaise cooler or warmer than the rest of the Côte d'Or?

Cooler!  And windier ---> longer growing season

127

What are the 5 village appellations in the Mâconnais?

Viré-Clessé

Saint-Véran

Pouilly-Loché

Pouilly-Vinzelles

Pouilly-Fuissé

128

In the Mâconnais, if a white wine comes from a single village, the village name can be...

...added in place of "Villages" on the label.

Some villages include: Lugny, Charnay-les-Mâcon, Sologny

129

The reds and rosés of Mâcon are based on which grape?

Gamay

130

4 communes of Pouilly-Fuissé?

Fuissé

Solutré-Pouilly

Vergisson

Chaintré