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Flashcards in Burns Deck (16):
1

what is the largest organ in the body?

the skin

2

What is the skins function?

barrier, keeps fluids in and bacteria out, sensory and temperature organ.

3

How long does it take to grow new skin?

2-3 weeks

4

what level of the skin can we burn to and have skin grow back?

To the dermis

5

estimates of burn sizes?

Trunks/ lower extremities=18% and upper extremities and head=9%

6

what is a first degree burn?

usually just the epidermis; usually not significant, can heal without scarring

7

What is a second degree burn?

burn to the dermis

8

what is a third degree burn?

burnt through the dermis and beyond it, gonna need skin graphs

9

what is an inhalation injury?

damage to the lower a/w from inhalation of toxic gases, smoke, soot, and steam.

10

what is the upper a/w good at doing?

Cooling superheated gases, burns are very rare below the trachea.

11

what may a concurrent injury be caused by?

Carbon Monoxide inhalation

12

what are some indications of smoke inhalation?

exposed to smoke in enclosed space, was unconscious while exposed to smoke, develops dyspnea, cough or chest pain after being exposed to smoke

13

what are signs of upper a/w burn?

burns to the face, sooty sputum, singed eyebrows or nasal hairs, hoarse voice

14

what are some major problems associated with a/w burns?

airway edema and possible a/w occlusion, airway swelling high risk, prophylactic fiberoptic intubation.

15

what are chemical burns?

toxic vapours affect lower resp tract, combines with water in the lungs to produce strong acids and bases, very irritating to tissues

16

how can chemical burns occur?

skin is burnt from initial contact, may be absorbed into the body and damage internal organs, may be inhaled into the lungs and cause pulmonary injury.