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Year 3 Cheat Sheet > Buzz Words > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buzz Words Deck (87)
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1

Pneumonia
Weight loss
Purple spots on nose and shins

Pneumocystis jirovecii

Kaposi's sarcoma- HIV/AIDS
PCP is a opportunistic fungal infection in AIDS Pts

2

Pneumonia
Recent travel
Hyponatraemia
Flu-like symptoms
D+V

Legionella pneumophila

3

Recurrent peptic ulcers refractory to treatment
FHx MEN1
Hypergastrinaemia

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

4

Head trauma
Peptic ulcer

Cushing's ulcer

5

Severe burn injury
Peptic ulcer

Curling's ulcer

6

Troisier's sign

Abdominal cancer (esp gastric)

7

Sister Mary Joseph nodule

Abdominal cancer (esp gastric)

8

Bird beak appearance on barium swallow

Achalasia

9

Corkscrew oesophagus on barium swallow

Limited cutaneous scleroderma (CREST)

10

Oesophageal biopsy
Metaplastic changes

Barrett's oesophagus

11

Oesophageal biopsy
Dysplastic changes

Oesophageal cancer

12

Endoscopy and duodenal biopsy shows:
-villous atrophy
-cryptal hyperplasia
-intraepithelial WBCs

Coeliac disease

13

Epigastric pain
Radiating to the back
Really raised amylase

Acute pancreatitis

14

Epigastric pain
Radiating to the back
Normal amylase
Raised faecal elastase

Chronic pancreatitis

15

AXR
Coffee bean sign

Sigmoid volvulus

16

Rigler sign

Bowel perforation

17

Pearly white papules
Central umbilication
Young child

Molluscum contagiosum

18

Koebner phenomenon
Auspitz sign
Scaly plaques on extensor surfaces

Psoriasis

19

Radiodense kidney stone

Calcium oxalate/struvite

20

Intermediate lucent kidney stone

Cystine

21

Radiolucent stone

Uric acid

22

Negatively birefringent needle-shaped crystals

Gout
(ne*G*ative, monosodium urate)

23

Positively birefringent rhomboid-shaped crystals

Pseudogout
(*P*ositive, calcium *P*yrophosphate)

24

2 week history of campylobacter
Swollen tender knee

Reactive arthritis

25

Heberden's nodes
No Bouchard's nodes
Symmetrical joint pain
Worse in the morning

Rheumatoid arthritis

26

Heberden's nodes
Bouchard's nodes
Worse in the evening

Osteoarthritis

27

Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies

Rheumatoid arthritis

28

Congo-red staining with red-green bifringence under polarised light microscopy

Amyloidosis

29

Hx of paraproteinaemia/chronic inflammatory disease
Presents with non specific symptoms/nephrotic syndrome
Periorbital purpura
Macroglossia

Amyloidosis

30

Stones
Bony pain
Abdominal groans
Psychic groans

Hypercalcaemia