Buzz words: Vascular Flashcards Preview

Year 3 Medicine > Buzz words: Vascular > Flashcards

Flashcards in Buzz words: Vascular Deck (11):
1

Lipodermatosclerosis
Gaiter region
Medial malleolus
Haemosiderin deposition

Venous Ulcer

2

Atherosclerosis/vasculitis
Punched out appearance
Low ABPI
Absent pulses
Shiny, hairless limb
Smoking/DM/CVD
Painful

Arterial Ulcer

3

Absent/reduced sensation
Trauma ∴ soles/heels/toes
Well perfused, deep, penetrating skin
Loss of reflexes
Diabetes

Neuropathic Ulcer

4

Nodulo-pustular ulcer on leg
Red/blue necrotic edge
IBD, alcoholic hepatitis

Pyoderma Gangrenosum

5

SCC from previous scar/burn/ulcer
War veteran
Irregular, raised edge, blood-stained
discharge, painless

Marjolin’s Ulcer

6

Pale, pulseless, painful, perishingly cold
Paraesthesia, paralysis à amputation
Fixed flexion deformity, necrotic
Revascularise in 4-6h
ABPI should be between 1 and 1.3

Acute Limb Ischaemia

7

Atherogenic emboli --> retinal artery
Black curtain over eye

Amaurosis Fugax

8

Venous insufficiency
Distended superficial veins

Varicose Veins

9

Site of local trauma + tissue infection
Swelling, erythema, vesicle and bullae
formation over skin
Fever +/- D&V

Necrotising Fasciitis

10

Split in lining of tuica aorta
Rupture into pericardium --> tamponade

Aortic Dissection

11

Digital ischaemia – reflex vasospasm
arterioles
Pallor --> cyanosis --> reactive hyperaemia
Assoc. with rheum. conditions, cervical
rib, beta blockers and ergot alkaloids

Raynaud’s Syndrome