Flashcards in C2 Deck (30):
split or sever (something), esp. along a natural line or grain: the large ax his father used to cleave wood for the fire.
• split (a molecule) by breaking a particular chemical bond.
• make a way through (something) forcefully, as if by splitting it apart: they watched a coot cleave the smooth water | Stan was off, cleaving a path through the traffic | [ no obj. ] : an unstoppable warrior clove through their ranks.
• [ no obj. ] Biology (of a cell) divide: the egg cleaves to form a mulberry-shaped cluster of cells.
stick fast to: Rose's mouth was dry, her tongue cleaving to the roof of her mouth.
• adhere strongly to (a particular pursuit or belief): part of why we cleave to sports is that excellence is so measurable.
• become very strongly involved with or emotionally attached to (someone): it was his choice to cleave to the Brownings.
exciting or thrilling and acting as a climax to a series of events: the film's climactic scenes.
a small group of people, with shared interests or other features in common, who spend time together and do not readily allow others to join them.
Cloud nine or on cloud nine is an idiom referring to a state of elation or happiness.
1 informal - a heavy blow with the hand or a hard object: a clout on the ear.
2 informal - influence or power, esp. in politics or business: I knew he carried a lot of clout.
3 archaic - a piece of cloth or clothing, esp. one used as a patch.
4 Archery - a target used in long-distance shooting, placed flat on the ground with a flag marking its center.
• a shot that hits such a target.
verb [ with obj. ]
1 informal hit hard with the hand or a hard object: I clouted him on the head.
2 archaic mend with a patch.
verb [ with obj. ]
grasp or seize (something) tightly or eagerly: he stood clutching a microphone | [ no obj. ] figurative : Mrs. Longhill clutched at the idea.
a tight grasp or an act of grasping something: she made a clutch at his body.
• (someone's clutches) a person's power or control, esp. when perceived as cruel or inescapable: she escaped the clutches of her temperamental family.
a slim, flat handbag without handles or a strap.
a mechanism for connecting and disconnecting a vehicle engine from its transmission system.
a flat, typically round piece of metal with an official stamp, used as money.
nvent or devise (a new word or phrase): he coined the term “desktop publishing.”
a piece of art made by sticking various different materials such as photographs and pieces of paper or fabric onto a backing.
• the art of making collages.
• a combination or collection of various things.
something pledged as security for repayment of a loan, to be forfeited in the event of a defaul
additional but subordinate; secondary: the collateral meanings of a word.
descended from the same stock but by a different line: a collateral descendant of George Washington.
situated side by side; parallel: collateral veins.
religious or formal conversation
officially take possession or control of (something), esp. for military purposes: telegraph and telephone lines were commandeered by the generals.
• take possession of (something) without authority: he hoisted himself onto a table, commandeering it as a speaker's platform.
mix; blend: the dust had commingled with the rain
express or feel sympathy or pity; sympathize: she went over to commiserate with Rose on her unfortunate circumstances.
roomy and comfortable.
1 a reduction in severity of punishment
2 the process of commutating an electric current.
3 Mathematics the property of having a commutative relation.
go around (something) in a circular course: the ship wherein Magellan compassed the world.
v. add to (something) in a way that enhances or improves it; make perfect: a classic blazer complements a look that's stylish or casual.
• add to or make complete: the proposals complement the incentives already available.
a thing that completes or brings to perfection: the libretto proved a perfect complement to the music.
the state of being involved with others in an illegal activity or wrongdoing: they were accused of complicity in the attempt to overthrow the government.
stop (someone) from being angry or discontented; placate; pacify: concessions were made to conciliate the peasantry.
giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief but comprehensive: a concise account of the country's history.
a private meeting.
• (in the Roman Catholic Church) the assembly of cardinals for the election of a pope.
• the meeting place for such an assembly.
in agreement; consistent: the answers were roughly concordant.
• Geology corresponding in direction with the planes of adjacent or underlying strata.
• Medicine (of twins) inheriting the same genetic characteristic, such as susceptibility to a disease.
• Music in harmony.
existing, happening, or done at the same time: there are three concurrent art fairs around the city.
• (of two or more prison sentences) to be served at the same time.
• Mathematics (of three or more lines) meeting at or tending toward one point.
having or showing a feeling of superiority: she thought the teachers were arrogant and condescending | a condescending smile.
show feelings of superiority
1 a channel for conveying water or other fluid: a conduit for conveying water to the power plant.
• a person or organization that acts as a channel for the transmission of something: the office acts as a conduit for ideas to flow throughout the organization.
2 a tube or trough for protecting electric wiring: the gas pipe should not be close to any electrical conduit.
1 a dish or delicacy made with sweet ingredients: a whipped chocolate and cream confection.
2 the action of mixing or compounding something.