Flashcards in Calcium, Phosphate, And Metabolic Bone Disease Deck (16):
What's phosphate metabolism roles?
What 3 areas are there of calcium and phosphate?
What percentage of plasma calcium is unfilterable?
What percentage is the plasma calcium protein bound?
What hormone controls calcium in the para thyroid gland?
What hormone controls calcium in the kidney?
1,25 (OH) 2D
What hormone controls calcium in the thyroid gland?
What's the 4 step process of calcitriol?
7 dehydrocholestral--->calciferol--->25 (OH) D--->1,25 (OH)2D
Key facts on bone?
Opposite action of 2 types of cells (osteoclasts,formation)
What are the 2 main proteins in the bone?
Alkaline phosphate (ALP)
Key enzyme in normal bone physiology
Disorders of calcium or phosphate homeostasis
Decreased renal secretion
Increased renal secretion
Increased bone loss
Pathophysiology of hypercalcemia?
Roles of hypercalcemia
Influences nerve action potentials
Alter Na and k channels
Role as a intracellular messenger
Biochemical tests for suspected hyperparathyroidism?
Total Co2-->if decreased, supports diagnosis