Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Iodine, Fluoride Charts Flashcards Preview

Human Nutrition > Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Iodine, Fluoride Charts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Iodine, Fluoride Charts Deck (5):
1

calcium

function: mineral of bones and teeth, muscle contraction, nerves, blood clotting, bp, immune system

deficiency: rickets/osteomalacia/osteoporosis

toxicity: constipation, stone formation, hurts other mineral absorption

sources: milk, oysters, tofu, greens, legumes

2

phosphorus

function: DNA/RNA, phospholipid bilayer, energy transfer, buffer systems

deficiency: unknown

toxicity: calcium excretion

sources: animal proteins

3

iron

function: hemoglobin/myoglobin

deficiency: anemia; weakness, pallor, headaches

toxicity: infection, liver injury, blood in stool, heart attack, acidosis, shock

sources: proteins, legumes, dried fruit

4

fluroide

function: bone and tooth formation, protect teeth from decay

deficiency: tooth decay

toxicity: fluorosis; tooth discoloration, nausea, diarrhea, itching, chest pain, vomiting

sources: water, tea, seafood

5

iodine

function: thyroid hormones for growth, development, metabolic rate

deficiency: goiter, cretinism

toxicity: decreased thyroid activity, goiterlike thyroid enlargement

sources: salt, seafood, plants, animals fed those plants