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Flashcards in California Deck (32):
1

What makes Santa Barbara unique as a wine growing region compared to the rest of California?

Santa Barbara wine country is quite literally “Sideways": the Santa Ynez and San Rafael Mountain ranges are oriented East-West as opposed to North-South, resulting in cool maritime breezes that flow inland.

2

What counties make up the North Coast AVA?

Napa
Sonoma
Mendocino
Lake
Solano
Marin

3

What was the first sub-appellation wholly within Napa Valley to receive its own AVA?

Howell Mountain

4

What is the biggest viticultural concern for Napa mountain/hillside growers?

Erosion

5

What are the AVAs of Sonoma County?

Alexander Valley
Dry Creek Valley
Rockpile
Bennett Valley
Knights Valley
Chalk Hill
Russian River Valley
Sonoma Valley
Moon Mountain District Sonoma County
Green Valley of Russian River Valley
Sonoma Mountain
Sonoma Coast
Northern Sonoma
Pine Mountain-Cloverdale Peak
Fort Ross-Seaview
Fountaingrove District
Petaluma Gap
Carneros

6

Name three wineries based in Green Valley.

Freeman, Kosta Browne, Iron Horse

7

Name three Sonoma Coast producers.

Hirsch, Peay, Occidental, Littorai, etc

8

Name three Russian River producers

Williams-Selyem, Porter Creek, Joseph Swan, Scherrer

9

What is the warmest AVA of Sonoma County?

Knights Valley

10

What Sonoma AVAs are best known for Zinfandel?

Dry Creek and Rockpile

11

What northern Sonoma AVA is known for Merlot and why?

Bennett Valley; too cool to ripen CS

12

What is the country’s newest AVA and what is it named after?

Petaluma Gap (2017)

Named after the wind that funnels through lower Sonoma County from a coastal mountain opening stretching from the Pacific to Petaluma and veering south towards San Pablo Bay, the AVA is marked by its wind and fog.

13

From 2011 forward, what is the required labeling terminology for Sonoma wines?

From 2011 forward, all wines produced in the county are required to state Sonoma County on the label, regardless of whether or not the label also indicates an AVA.

14

What are the nested AVAs within Mendocino AVA?

Anderson Valley
Potter Valley
Redwood Valley
McDowell Valley
Yorkville Highlands
Cole Ranch
(Part of) Mendocino Ridge

15

What is significant about Cole Ranch AVA?

Smallest AVA in the country, located within Mendocino AVA.

16

What is distinguishes Mendocino Ridge AVA?

The appellation is restricted to vineyards that are at least 1,200 feet above sea level.

17

What is the smallest AVA in America? What is its climate?

Cole Ranch, at 150 acres. High elevation (1400ft); cool, wet, low nightime temperatures. Harvest may be up to one month later than other areas of Mendocino county.

18

Cole Ranch is essentially a monopole of which winery?

Esterlina

19

McDowell Valley is essentially a monopole of which winery?

McDowell Valley Winery

20

What are the restrictions on the Mendocino Ridge AVA?

It only encompasses vineyards over 1200ft in elevation.

21

What two valleys make up California's Central Valley?

Sacramento Valley and San Joaquin Valley

22

What are the sub-AVAs of the Sierra Foothills?

- North Yuba (far north)
- El Dorado
- Fair Play (within southern El Dorado)
- Shenandoah Valley
- Fiddletown

23

What moderates Lodi's climate?

It sits directly across the Sacramento/San Joaquin Delta, cooled by wind coming through the Golden Gate, the largest gap in the Coastal Range.

24

What are the AVA's of Lake County?

- Benmore Valley
- Clear Lake
- Big Valley
- Kelsey Bench
- High Valley
- Red Hills
- Guenoc Valley

25

What are the warmest and coolest of Lake County's AVAs?

Guenoc Valley is the warmest.

High Valley is the coolest (most affected by wind off the lake).

26

Where would you find the sub-AVAs of Fair Play, El Dorado, Fiddletown, North Yuba, and California Shenandoah Valley?

Sierra Foothills AVA

27

Where would you find the sub-AVAs of Alta Mesa, Borden Ranch, Mokelumne River, Cosumnes River, Jahant, Sloughhouse, and Clements Hills?

Lodi AVA

28

Where is Ben Lomond Mountain AVA?

within the Santa Cruz Mountains AVA

29

What are the sub-AVAs of Santa Barbara?

- Santa Maria Valley (to the north, separated)
- Sta Rita Hills (western most, coolest)
- Happy Canyon (eastern most - BDX/Syrah)
- Ballard Canyon (smallest, surrounded)
- Santa Ynez Valley (largest)
- Los Olivos District (within central historic Santa Ynez)

30

Where is Bien Nacido Vineyard?

Santa Maria Valley AVA

31

Where is the Sanford and Benedict Vineyard?

Sta Rita Hills AVA

32

What California winegrowing region has the longest growing season?

Santa Barbara: generally cool and dry, lots of ocean breezes and fog