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Flashcards in Callaghan Chapter 5 Deck (22):
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Apostolic Succession

The bishops of the Church are historically traceable to the Twelve Apostles.

1

Bride of Christ

Christ is the bridegroom and the Church is the bride. This represents the intimate union between Christ and the members of the Church.

2

Church

Assembly of people God has called together from the ends of the earth. This word has three meanings: the people, the local Church itself, and the liturgical assembly.

3

Elect

Those chosen by God from the beginning to participate in his plan of salvation and to enjoy his eternal friendship in heaven.

4

Ex Cathedra

Latin for "from the chair." It indicates a solemn and infallible definition by a pope of a doctrine and concering matters of Faith or morals to be held by the faithful.

5

Extra Ecclesiam Nulla Salus

Latin for "outside the Church there is no salvation." This teaches all salvation comes through Jesus.

6

Final judgment

Also called the Last, or general Judgment. This is the time when Christ judges us and this eternally decides our fate.

7

Heaven

Eternal friendship and communion with God and with the angels and saints.

8

Hell

Eternal separation from God; the dwelling place of Satan and other fallen angels.

9

Indefectibility

the characteristic of the Church by which she will exist until the end of time.

10

Infallibility

Immunity from error and any possibility from error. The pope possesses this trait.

11

Invincible Ignorance

Ignorance that cannot be overcome by ordinary diligence. The guilt of a sin committed under invincible ignorance is not imputed to the sinner.

12

Kingdom of God

Based on union with Jesus Christ by the work of the Holy Spirit; Begins here on earth in the Church and is perfected at the end of time.

13

Magisterium

The teaching authority of the Church, which is entrusted to the pope and the bishops in communion with him.

14

Marks of the Church

One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic: the 4 words used to describe the Catholic Church.

15

Mystical Body of Christ

Taught in St. Paul's first letter to the Corinthians, believers are united to Christ in the way the individual parts of the body are united to the head.

16

Parable

A fictitious story used to teach a life lesson.

17

Particular Judgment

Eternal recompense received by each soul at the moment of death in accordance with that person's faith and works.

18

Parousia

Greek for presence or arrival; the Second Coming of Christ at the end of time.

19

Pilgrim Church

The Church on earth, whose members are on a journey, the destination of which has not yet been reached.

20

Purgatory

A state of final purification after death but before entrance into Heaven for those who have died in God's friendship but are only imperfectly purified.

21

Sacrament

An efficacious sign of grace instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church by which divine life is dispensed through the work of the Holy Spirit.