Cancer Flashcards Preview

Occupational Health > Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer Deck (11):
0

Environmental factors account for % of cancer cases and deaths in the US?

75-90%

1

Obesity associated cancers?

Adenocarcinoma of esophagus
Breast cancer
Colon cancer
Endometrial cancer
Kidney cancer

2

Alcohol causes cancer of ?

Mouth
Pharynx
Larynx
Esophagus
Liver
Breast

3

Lung cancer

1. Leading cause of death in both men and women
2. Smoking - risk is 10 time greater for a smoker than for a non-smoke

4

Breast cancer

2nd leading caused of cancer death for women
Lifetime risk: 1 in 8 women

5

Colorectal cancer

2nd leading cause of cancer death in the US

6

Prostate cancer

2nd most common cause of cancer death in US men
70% of diagnosis are made in men >65 ys
71% of prostate cancer deaths are of men >75 ys

7

Cervical cancer

Strong association with HPV 16 and 18

8

Gail model

Breast cancer risk assessment tool
To calculate 5 year risk and lifetime risk of breast cancer according to the following key risk factors:
1. Age
2. Age at first period
3. Age at first birth
4. Family history of breast cancer (mother, sister or daughter)
5. Number of past breast biopsies
6. Number of breast biopsies that showed atypical hyperplasia
7. Race /ethnicity
8. Mutation in either BRCA1 or BRCA2
9. Hx of ducal carcinoma in situ or lobular carcinoma in situ.

9

Occupational skin cancer risks

1. UV light
2. Poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
3. Arsenic
4. Ionizing radiation
5. Trauma
6. Burn (welding)

10

Occupational skin cancer risks

1. UV light
2. Poly cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
3. Arsenic
4. Ionizing radiation
5. Trauma
6. Burn (welding)