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Flashcards in Cancer Deck (23)
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1

True or False? Cancer is an abnormal growth of cells

True- growth of cells is uncontrolled

2

When the cancer cell travels from the original location to a new place, what is it called?

Metastasis

3

What acronym is used to describe the warning signs of cancer?

C.A.U.T.I.O.N.

4

What do the letters stand for?

C-hange in bowel or bladder
A-ny sore that does not heal
U-nusual bleedings/ discharge
T-hickening in breast
I-ndigestion
O-bvious change in wart
N-agging cough or hoarseness

5

What are the two ways to describe a tumor?

By grading or staging

6

What is the difference between the two?

Grading describes a tumor by the cells. Staging describes the progression of a tumor by the clinical symptom.

7

What are the three types of radiation treatment?

External unsealed; internal sealed; and internal

8

What precautions must be taken for a client receiving radiation treatment?

Private room/ bathroom
Limit visitors, rotate nursing staff who provide care, place sign at door and bedside

9

What is the most dangerous type of radiation?

Sealed internal radiation because a solid radioactive implant is placed inside the tumor

10

What additional precautions must be taken for clients receiving sealed internal radiation?

All body fluids are radioactive; use hazardous clean up, gloves/ gown.

11

If a client's sealed internal implant falls out. (e.g., cervical implant), what should you do?

Pick it up with a long- handle forceps and put it in a lead container.

12

Chemotherapy works by destroying the cell___

wall

13

What are the side effects of chemotherapy?

Nausea, anorexia, alopecia sterility, decreased bone marrow and platelets

14

Why is Reglan (metoclopramide) given?

To reduce nausea

15

Is alopecia from chemotherapy permanent?

No it is temporary

16

Is sterility from chemotherapy permanent

Yes

17

Clients with cancer will also need ___ _____

Neutropenic Precautions

18

What are neutropenic precautions?

Strict hand washing
No visitors who are sick
No children
No raw food , no live plants
NO free-standing water

19

What is Neupogen (filgrastim)?

Drug used to treat neutropenia; Monitors WBC's

20

When is the best time to do a breast self-exam?

One week after menstruation

21

When is the best time to do a self-testicular exam?

The same day each month

22

If a client has had mastectomy, can you take a blood pressure on the affected side?

No IV or BP

23

List some other post-mastectomy patient education tips.

Elevate affected extremity, no initial exercise after surgery, encourage discussion for positive self-image

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