Cancer Treatments Flashcards Preview

Bio155 Exam 2 > Cancer Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer Treatments Deck (16):
1

7 cancer treatments

Surgery
Radiation
Chemotherapy
Immunotherapy
Hormone therapy
Growth receptors/ cell metabolism inhibitors
Angiogenesis inhibitors

2

Removal of the primary site of cancer

Surgery

3

Higher dividing cells are very vulnerable to x-rays given by this cancer treatment

Radiation

4

Chemicals are infused in the body and they interfere with cancer cell divisions

Chemotherapy (affects other rapidly dividing cells)

5

3 examples of chemotherapy

5 flurouracil
Cisplatin
Methotrexate

6

Adoptive T Cells: cells from bone marrow are taken from the body, incubated with cancer and the two fused into the body to attack cancer

Immunotherapy

7

Two types of immunotherapy

Interferons, immune cell activations

8

Block hormones that a cancer may be dependent on

Hormone therapy

9

3 hormone blocking drugs

Prednisone
Tamoxifen: estrogen blocking
Flutamide: testosterone blocking
Leuprolide

10

Block growth receptors

Growth receptors/ cell metabolism inhibitors

11

Examples of drugs that block growth receptors

Herceptin
Taxol
Tarceva
Iressa
Urbitux

12

Herceptin can treat what

Some forms of breast cancer

13

Taxol can treat

some forms of Breast cancer

14

These inhibit the growth of blood vessels that cancers need to grow in order to grow

Angiogenesis

15

Example of angiogenesis drug

Avastin

16

6 ways to reduce risk of cancer

Stop smoking (don’t start)
Eat a healthy diet
Avoid obesity
Exercise regularly
Avoid chemicals
Avoid radiation