Carbohydrates Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (44):
1

A projection that shows the configuration of monosaccharides showing two dimensional representation

Fischer projection

2

The hemiacetal carbon of the cyclic form of monosaccharide

Anomeric carbon

3

Five membered cyclic hemiacetal form of mojosaccharide

Furanose

4

Six membered cyclic hemiacetal form of monosaccharide

Pyranose

5

A projection showing a ring

Haworth projection

6

Product of reducing agent and weak oxidizing agent

Aldaric acid

7

Product of reducing sugar and strong oxidizing agent

Aldonic acid

8

Reducing agent and enzyme

Alduronic acid

9

Contains 2 or more monomeric units

Heteropolysaccharides

10

Contains only 1 monomeric unit

Homopolysaccharide

11

Rxn yields alcohol from aldehyde and ketone group of the sugar

Reduction

12

Rxn yield carboxylic acid

Oxidation

13

Rxn caused by the action of strong acid

Dehydration

14

General test of carbohydrates

Molisch test

15

Test to detect pentose

Bial's test

16

Detect ketoses

Seliwanoff's test

17

Specific test for galactose

Mucic acid test

18

Positive result of mahogany red ppt

Picric acid test

19

Result of black ppt

Nylander's test

20

Test differentiate mono and disaccharides

Barfoed's test

21

Carbohydrate component of glycoprotein, such as those of the ABO blood group determinates in RBC

Fructose

22

Sugar found in animal tissue and live

Glycogen

23

Storage sugar in yiest and bacteria and important component of dental plaque

Dextran

24

Used as component of microbial growth media

Agar

25

Storage polysaccharides in plants

Starch

26

Component of extracellular matrix of skin

Dermatan sulfate

27

Polysaccharide cannot be digested by human but can be digested by microorganism and ruminant animal

Cellulose

28

Imp compound in muscle metabolism

Triose

29

Used as cryoprotectant in a variety of all freezing media

Mycose

30

Ketose monosaccharide that has 4 carbon atom

Erythrulose

31

A sugar exhibits remarkable jelly-forming capacity

Pectin

32

Used stabilizer to prevent precipitation of protein thru ionic interaction

Alginate

33

Found in cornea,cartilage, tendons and intervertebral disc

Keratan sulfate

34

Natural anticoagulant

Heparin

35

Its degradation product is used in the treatment of peptic ulcer

Carragheenan

36

Sugar normally found in the blood and is utilized to form atp

Glucose

37

Ketose monosaccharide that has 3 carbon atoms

Dihydroxyacetone

38

Most abundant GAG found in the vitreous of the eye and synovial fluid

Hyaluronate

39

Found in the cell wall of bacteria

Murein

40

Sugar obtained from gum arabic and gum cherry tree

Arabinose

41

Chemically known as 2-O-a-D-glucopyranosyl-B-glucopyranoside

Cellubiose

42

Known as 4-O-B-glucopyranosyl-B-glucopyranoside

Sucrose

43

Obtained by the hydroysis of wood, corn cob or straw

Xylose

44

A sugar present in the cell wall of fungi and exoskeleton of crustaceans

Chitin