Carbohydrates Flashcards Preview

Digestion Unit Exam > Carbohydrates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (12):
1

Chemical Elements of Carbohydrates

Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen

2

Ratio of Hydrogen to Oxygen

2 hydrogen atoms per 1 oxygen atom

3

Function of Carbohydrates

Energy Storage

4

Two main types of carbohydrates

1. Simple sugars
2. Polysaccharides

5

Simple sugars are ...

Monosaccharides

6

Mono = ?
Saccaride = ?

Mono = one
Saccharide = sugar

7

What is a disaccharide

Made up of 2 simple sugars

8

What is a polysaccharide?

Complex carbohydrate made up of many linked simple sugars

9

Poly = ?
Saccharide = ?

Poly = many
Saccharide = sugar

10

Components of a polysaccharide?

Starch, glycogen & cellulose

11

What does starch do in plants?

Energy storage

12

What does glycogen do in animals?

Energy storage