Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (18)
2 sugars that differ in the configuration of 1 carbon (type of diasteriomer). Require 2+ chiral centers.
Epimer at the hemiacetal/acetal carbon. Also known as reducing end.
Conversion between alpha and beta anomers.
5 membered O containing ring
6 membered O containing ring
Formed by condensation reaction between alcohol groups of two monosaccharides.
Aldehyde + alcohol =`
Ketone + alcohol =
Linkage between two monosaccharides
Functions of homopolysaccharides
Energy storage and structural function.
Functions of heteropolysaccharides
Structural function and cellular function.
What is the main storage polysaccharide in plants?
Starch, a mixture of two homopolysaccharides of glucose
Main carbohydrate storage system in animal cells, mainly stored in the liver.
Branched homopolysaccharide, glucose is the monomer.
Fibrous, water insoluble polymer of unbranched homopolysaccharide of glucose found in the cell wall of plants.
Mono and oligosaccharides added onto proteins.
Added onto proteins in preassembled oligosaccharide units, added to proteins destined to the extracellular side.