Carbon,carbs,lipids, And Protein Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Carbon,carbs,lipids, And Protein Deck (14)
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1

Why is carbon such a versatile atom?

Carbon is versatile because it can form single, double, and triple bonds. It can also form chains, branched chains, and rings when connected to other carbon atoms.

2

What are three characteristics of a carbon skeleton?

Varied in length
Branched or unbranched
Double bonds or arranged in rings

3

What are isomers

Compounds with the same formula but different structural arrangements

4

What are functional groups and what affect do they have on macromolecules?

A group of atoms that give properties and characterize macromolecules

5

Carbonyl

CO

6

Amino

Nh2

7

Hydroxyl

OH

8

Carboxyl

COOH

9

Methyl

CH3

10

Phosphate

Po4

11

What are the four categories of molecules important to life

Carbohydrates, lipids, protein, nucleic acids

12

What are polymers and monomers?

Polymers- large size made from identical building blocks strung together
Monomers- building blocks of polymers

13

How are polymers made and destroyed?

Polymers are formed with dehydration or the removal of water and destroyed with hydrolysis or the addition of water

14

Organic

Living matter