Carbon Case Studies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Carbon Case Studies Deck (25):
1

Impact of increased gaseous carbon

Climate:
The Sahel will become drier (more droughts)
Antarctic ice sheets melt
Ecosystems:
Extinction rates increase 40% in polar regions.
Hydrological Cycle:
Heavy precipitation in northern hemisphere.

2

China Energy Mix

75% non renewable
coal/oil/gas
20% hydroelectric power

3

Factors affecting energy mix
UK

Physical availability: oil in North Sea.
Technology: Deepwater drilling for oil extraction.
Environmental considerations: Abandoned Green Deal.

4

Factors affecting energy mix
Norway

Physical availability: Mouitains with lots of rain (hydro power)
Cost: Higher household income.
Environmental Considerations: Carbon neutral by 2050.

5

Consumers Energy

Japan no longer have nuclearpower after Fukushima meltdown.
Choosing Asda over BP.
Sell back solar panel power to National Grid.

6

National Government Energy

Denmark
All political parties support it

7

Energy TNCs

Coal India Ltd now produces 80% of India’s coal.
Gazprom cause tension after cutting of gas supply to Ukraine.

8

Concerns about UK energy security

Brexit Wind
-German investment on hold
-due to uncertainty

G8 Oil Crisis
-increasing oil prices
-record one day jump in barrel price
-can not afford it but desperately need it

9

How much energy for the UK import?

Renewable provide 1/4 of electricity.
60% comes from abroad.
Norwegian Gas
Russian Coal
Kazakhstan Uranium

10

Lagoon Power in the UK

Capture water and the weight powers turbines.
6 lagoons will generate 8% of electricity.
1 billion Swansea could power 155,000 homes.
Needs approved, could be in operation by 2022.

11

Tidal Power in the UK

Has 8/20 possible sites.
Provides 20% of energy need.
It needs no fuel.
Tides are predictable.
No waste.

12

Strait of Hormuz
Energy Pathway

Conflicts

Middle East shipping routes for oil.
Rebel groups taking control of oil rich land.
Travel through dangerous water.
2008 Sirius Star hijacked by Somalian pirates.

13

Trans Siberian Pipeline
Energy Pathway

Conflict

Gas pipeline running through Europe.
3 pipeline runs through Ukraine. Russia cut off gas to them.
Impacting the rest of Europe.

14

Fracking in the UK

Conflict

It uses a lot of water.
Chemicals contaminating ground water.
Cause small earth tremors.
Reliance on fossil fuels.

15

Alberta Tar Sands

Consequences

Increase in rare cancers.
Loss of native land.
Can’t trust the land or water.
Biggest CO2 emitter.
Scars left on landscape.

16

Deep water oil
Gulf of Mexico

Consequences

Oil leaks due to cost cutting.
Technology untested and ineffective.
More oil spills.

17

Oil Shale
Colorado

Consequences

Expensive
Release greenhouse gases
Disturb land and vegetation
Waste polluted water sources.

18

Shake Gas
USA

Consequences

Many drill sites as gas is spread out.
Contaminated groundwater.
Methane gas leaks.
Minor earth tremors.

19

North Sea
Ecosystem impact

Rising sea temperatures.
Plankton cycles changing.
Affecting food chain.
Negative impact in abundance of fish.
Fishing industry.

20

Siberia
Ecosystem impact

Thawing permafrost.
Releasing methane.
Increase boreal forest fires.

21

Lima Glacier
Ecosystem impact

Shrinking glaciers.
Reducing water supply for Hydro power and drinking water.
Hindering development.

22

Florida Coral Reef
Ecosystem impact

Rising temp.
Coral bleaching and death.
Destroy unique habitat.
No longer snorkeler interest.

23

Environmental Degregation
Madagascar

50-85 they have lost 2/3 of forest.
Government encouraging clearance.
Increase agricultural productivity.

24

Environmental Degradation
China

Reached the TURNING POINT.
-Officials have realised the need to keep environment.
-Aim 30% construction to be green by 2020.

Continue to RISE
-Not all citizens can afford to be green.
-128 million below poverty line.

25

Mitigation
Climate Change

Carbon Taxation
Renewable Energy
Energy Efficient
Carbon capture and storage
Afforestation