Flashcards in Carbon Case Studies Deck (25):
Impact of increased gaseous carbon
The Sahel will become drier (more droughts)
Antarctic ice sheets melt
Extinction rates increase 40% in polar regions.
Heavy precipitation in northern hemisphere.
China Energy Mix
75% non renewable
20% hydroelectric power
Factors affecting energy mix
Physical availability: oil in North Sea.
Technology: Deepwater drilling for oil extraction.
Environmental considerations: Abandoned Green Deal.
Factors affecting energy mix
Physical availability: Mouitains with lots of rain (hydro power)
Cost: Higher household income.
Environmental Considerations: Carbon neutral by 2050.
Japan no longer have nuclearpower after Fukushima meltdown.
Choosing Asda over BP.
Sell back solar panel power to National Grid.
National Government Energy
All political parties support it
Coal India Ltd now produces 80% of India’s coal.
Gazprom cause tension after cutting of gas supply to Ukraine.
Concerns about UK energy security
-German investment on hold
-due to uncertainty
G8 Oil Crisis
-increasing oil prices
-record one day jump in barrel price
-can not afford it but desperately need it
How much energy for the UK import?
Renewable provide 1/4 of electricity.
60% comes from abroad.
Lagoon Power in the UK
Capture water and the weight powers turbines.
6 lagoons will generate 8% of electricity.
1 billion Swansea could power 155,000 homes.
Needs approved, could be in operation by 2022.
Tidal Power in the UK
Has 8/20 possible sites.
Provides 20% of energy need.
It needs no fuel.
Tides are predictable.
Strait of Hormuz
Middle East shipping routes for oil.
Rebel groups taking control of oil rich land.
Travel through dangerous water.
2008 Sirius Star hijacked by Somalian pirates.
Trans Siberian Pipeline
Gas pipeline running through Europe.
3 pipeline runs through Ukraine. Russia cut off gas to them.
Impacting the rest of Europe.
Fracking in the UK
It uses a lot of water.
Chemicals contaminating ground water.
Cause small earth tremors.
Reliance on fossil fuels.
Alberta Tar Sands
Increase in rare cancers.
Loss of native land.
Can’t trust the land or water.
Biggest CO2 emitter.
Scars left on landscape.
Deep water oil
Gulf of Mexico
Oil leaks due to cost cutting.
Technology untested and ineffective.
More oil spills.
Release greenhouse gases
Disturb land and vegetation
Waste polluted water sources.
Many drill sites as gas is spread out.
Methane gas leaks.
Minor earth tremors.
Rising sea temperatures.
Plankton cycles changing.
Affecting food chain.
Negative impact in abundance of fish.
Increase boreal forest fires.
Reducing water supply for Hydro power and drinking water.
Florida Coral Reef
Coral bleaching and death.
Destroy unique habitat.
No longer snorkeler interest.
50-85 they have lost 2/3 of forest.
Government encouraging clearance.
Increase agricultural productivity.
Reached the TURNING POINT.
-Officials have realised the need to keep environment.
-Aim 30% construction to be green by 2020.
Continue to RISE
-Not all citizens can afford to be green.
-128 million below poverty line.