What is the most common primary cardiac tumor in adults?
What is myxoma?
Benign mesenchymal tumor with a gelatinous appearance and abundant ground substance on histology
What is physical changes usually arise from myxoma?
Pedunculated mass in the left atrium
Causes syncope due to obstruction of hte mitral valve
What is the most common primary cardiac tumor in children?
What is rhabdyoma?
Benign hamartoma of cadiac muscle
What condition is rhabdyoma associated with?
Where do rhabdyomas usually arise?
What is hte most common kind of tumor in the heart?
What kind of cancers usually metastatize to the heart?
Metastatic tumors usually involve which part of the heart?
Pericardium resulting in pericardial effuction
What is hemangioma?
Benign tumor comprised of bloo vessels
When does hemangioma usually arise?
Present at birth and usually regresses during childhood
Hemangioma usually involve which organs?
What is angiosarcoma?
Highly agressive malignant proliferation of endothelial cells
What are the common sites of angiosarcoma?
What carcinogens are associated with angiosarcoma?
What is Kaposi's sarcoma?
Low grade malignant proliferation of endothelial cells
What pathogen is associated with Kaposi's sarcoma?
What are the clinical features of Kaposi's sarcoma?
Purple patches, plaques and nodules on the skin
May also involved visceral organs
What populations are often seen with Kaposi's sarcoma?
Older European males
tumor remains localized to skin
Tx involves surgical removal
tumor spread early
Tx = antiretroviral drugs
tumor spreads early
Tx involves decreasing immunosuppression
- tumor remains localized to skin
- Tx involves surgical removal
- tumor spread early
- Tx = antiretroviral drugs
- tumor spreads early
- Tx involves decreasing immunosuppression