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Flashcards in Cardiac Emergencies Deck (21):
1

Sudden onset of CP with CAD kill what % of patients.

50%

2

Hypertension at rest

>135/85 to 160/90

3

Toxemia of Pregnancy

-Between 20th and 40th week (full term)
-5% of all pregnancies
-Hypertension is symptom, not cause
-Seizures

4

Most MI's occur

at 10AM on Mondays

5

Cor Pulmonale

Heart failure due to pulmonary disease
Results in increased pressure in pulmonary arteries
Leads to right ventricular enlargement
Which leads to right sided failure (CHF)

6

ascites

Fluid leaking flows into and fills abdominal cavity

7

atelectasis

a complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung

8

% of death from cardiogenic shock

75%

9

Cardiac Tamponade

Chest Pain
*Narrowing PP
History of chest trauma
Tachycardia--compensatory
*Cardiac rhythm ectopy – Conduction system complication
*Becks triad
-JVD
-Hypotension
-Muffled heart sounds

10

Varicose Veins

Abnormal blood flow
The veins become distended and visible through the skin
Phlebitis (veins inflamed)
Thrombosis (blood clot in the vein)

11

Vascular Occlusive Disorder

Sudden occlusion of blood vessel

12

DVT greatest chance of occurrence

Popliteal artery

13

HTN emergencies

Diastolyc BP >130

14

HTN emergency that mimics stroke

Encephalopathy

15

In SD county do we use fluid to treat CHF?

No

16

Complications of vascular occlusive disorders

?

17

HTN resting blood pressures

135/85 - 160/90

18

How many americans suffer from HTN

50million or 2/3's of the world

19

Underlying problem in HTN

Increased preload

20

common associated symptoms of chronic HTN

Cerebral Hemorrhage
CVA
MI
Renal Failure
Abdominal or Thoracic Aneurysm
Pulmonary Edema
Toxemia Of Pregnancy

21

S/S of Hypertensive Encephalopathy

HA, possible epistaxis
BP 210/130
Visual disturbances (transient blindness)
SOB
Nausea, Vomiting
Initial physical depending on area affected
Posturing is the beginning of herniation.
Seizure
Altered to no LOC