Cardio Drugs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardio Drugs Deck (19):
1

Antidote for cyanide toxicity?

inhaled amyl nitrite + IV sodium nitrite + IV sodium thiosulfate

2

MOA of nitroglycerin?

Release NO, increase cGMP, relax smooth muscle

3

Cause of nitrite induced headache?

meningeal blood vessel vasodilation

4

DOC for Prinzmetal Angina?

Diltiazem

5

Metabolism modifiers?

Trimetazidine, Ranolamine, Ivabradine

6

MOA of Digoxin?

Inhibits Na/K ATPase, increase intracellular Ca, increase cardiac contractility

7

Antidote for Digitalis Toxicity?

Lidocaine

8

Which CHF drug is cardioprotective?

Angiotensin Antagonist

9

Which class of CHF is not used for acute cardiac failure and may be detrimental if systolic dysfunction is marked?

Beta Blockers

10

Which antiarrhythmic drug can cause cinchonism?

Quinidine

11

What are the components of Cinchonism?

Headache, Vertigo, Tinnitus

12

Treatment for Class 1A overdose?

Sodium Lactate

13

Which Class 1B drug can cause agranulocytosis?

Lidocaine

14

Which anti arrhythmic drug is used only for refractory cases?

Class 1C

15

Drugs for WPW?

Procainamide and Amiodarone

16

What is the hallmark MOA of class III?

Prolongation of AP duration

17

What anti arrhythmic drug is the most efficacious of all?

Amiodarone

18

Antiarrhythmic with fastest half life, DOC for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia

Adenosine

19

What diuretic drug is used for mountain sickness?

Acetazolamide