Cardiology and Lymphatics Flashcards Preview

Medical Abbreviations > Cardiology and Lymphatics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiology and Lymphatics Deck (159):
1

ablation

therapeutic destruction of a body part, pathway, or function using surgery, chemicals, electrocautery, or radio frequency

2

angioplasty

endo-vascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels

3

apical pulse

pulse felt or heard over the apex of the heart

4

artifact

signal interference on an ECG caused by patient movement, faulty equipment, or other factors

5

blood pressure

tension exerted by blood against the arterial walls during ventricular contraction and relaxation

6

cardiac cycle

one complete contraction and relaxation cycle of the heart

7

cardioversion

restoration of normal sinus rhythm by chemical or electrical means

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depolarization

electrical change in cells in which the inside becomes positive in relation to the outside

9

diastole

pariod of cardiac muscle relaxation when blood is filling the chambers of the heart and blood pressure is lowest

10

electrocardiogram

record or tracing of electrical activity of the heart

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electrocardiograph

instrument used to record an electrocardiogram

12

electrocardiography

process of recording the electrical activity of the heart

13

ligation

application of a band, thread, or wire to tie a blood vessel or other structure in order to constrict or fasten it

14

lumen

space within a vessel or other tubelike structure

15

lymph

clear, colorless, alkaline fluid found within lymph vessels made up of water, protein, salts, urea, fats, and white blood cells

16

palpitation

sensation of rapid or irregular beating of the heart sometimes described as a thudding or fluttering sensation

17

perfusion

circulation of blood, nutrients, and oxygen through tissues and organs

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phagocytosis

process in which specialized white blood cells engulf and destroy microorganisms, foreign antigens, and cellular debris

19

pressure point

point at which an artery may be compressed to decrease blood flow in the event of hemorrhage

20

systemic circulation

circulation throughout the entire body

21

systole

period during contraction of chambers of the heart when blood pressure is the highest

22

systolic pressure

tension exerted against arterial walls during ventricular contraction and represented by the top number in a blood pressure reading

23

troponin

protein that is released into the blood by damaged heart muscle and, therefore, a highly sensitive and specific indicator of recent myocardial infarction

24

aden/o

gland

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adenoma

tumor of a gland

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angi/o
vas/o

Vessel

27

angioedema

swelling of a vessel

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vasorhaphy

suture of a vessel

29

aort/o

aorta

30

aortostenosis

narrowing or stricture of the aorta

31

arteri/o

artery

32

arteriosclerosis

hardening of the artery

33

ather/o

thick, fatty

34

atheroma

thick, fatty tumor

35

atri/o

atria

36

atrioventricular

pertaining to the atria and ventricles

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cardi/o

heart

38

tachycardia

condition of a rapid heart

39

electr/o

electric

40

electrocardiogram

electrical recording of the heart

41

hem/o
hemat/o

blood

42

hemolytic

pertaining to destruction of the blood

43

hematemesis

vomiting of blood

44

lymph/o

lymph

45

lymphoma

lymph tumor

46

phleb/o
ven/o

vein

47

phleborrhexis

rupture of a vein

48

venostasis

stopping of a vein (slowed blood flow)

49

splen/o

spleen

50

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

51

thromb/o

thrombus (clot)

52

thrombophlebitis

inflammation of a vein in the presence of a clot

53

ventricul/o

ventricle

54

ventriculostomy

mouthlike opening of the ventricle

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brady-

slow

56

bradycardia

condition of a slow heart

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micro-

small

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microcardia

condition of a small heart

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supra-

above

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supraventricular

pertaining to above the ventricles

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tachy-

rapid

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tachycardia

condition of a rapid heart

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-cyte

cell

64

thrombocyte

clotting cell ( in regards to platelets)

65

-centesis

surgical puncture

66

phlebocentesis

surgical puncture of a vein (phlebotomy)

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-edema

swelling

68

lymphedema

swelling caused by lymph fluid

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-emia

condition of the blood

70

leukemia

a condition of white blood cells (malignancy of the blood)

71

-genesis

creating, producing

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hemogenesis

creating or producing blood

73

-gram

record

74

electrocardiogram

record of heart electricity

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-graphy

process of recording

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angiography

recording of a vessel

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-logist

specialist in the study of

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hematologist

specialist in the study of blood

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-lysis

destruction

80

hemolysis

destruction of blood

81

-megaly

enlargement

82

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

83

-ole
-ule

small

84

arteriole

small artery

85

venule

Small vein

86

-pathy

disease

87

adenopathy

diseased gland

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-penia

deficiency

89

erythrocytopenia

deficiency of red blood cells

90

-rrhage

bursting forth

91

hemorrhage

bursting forth of blood (severe bleeding)

92

-rrhexis

rupture

93

pleborrhexis

rupture of a vein

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-rrhaphy

suture, suturing

95

vasorrhaphy

suturing of a vessel

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-stenosis

narrowing, stricture

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aortostenosis

narrowing or stricture of the aorta

98

anemia

reduction in the mass of circulating red blood cells

99

aneurysm

dilation in the wall of a blood vessel due to weakness or a congenital defect

100

angina

chest pain or pressure caused by insufficient oxygen supply to the heart muscle

101

arrhythmia

irregular heart rhythm

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arterial occlusion

blockage of blood flow through an artery

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arteriosclerosis

thickening and loss of elasticity and contractility in artery walls

104

artherosclerosis

condition in which fatty plaque deposits accumulate on the inner walls of arteries

105

bruit

abnormal arterial or venous swishing sound heard on auscultation

106

cordiomyopathy

any of several diseases that affects the heart muscle

107

crackles

abnormal lung sound heard on auscultation that is produced by air passing over retained airway secretions or the sudden opening of collapsed alveoli

108

deep vein thrombosis

blood clot within a vein deep in the legs

109

embolus

mass of undissolved solid, liquid, or gaseous matter floating in the blood

110

endocarditis

infection or inflammation of the valves and inner lining of the heart

111

heart failure

inability of the heart to circulate blood effectively enough to meet the body's needs

112

hypertension

condition in which blood pressure is higher than 140/90 on three separate readings that are several weeks apart

113

eschemia

temporary reduction in blood supply to a localized area of tissue

114

leukemia

malignancy of the blood in which immature blood cells multiply at the expense of other cells

115

murmur

blowing or swishing sound in the heart due to turbulent blood flow or back-flow through a leaky valve

116

myocardial infarction

loss of living heart muscle as a result of coronary artery occlusion; also called a heart attack

117

orthopnea

labored breathing that occurs when lying flat and is relieved by sitting upright

118

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

episodic dyspnea a night that occurs repeatedly and without warning

119

petechiae

small, purplish, hemorrhagic spots on the skin that appear in patients with platelet deficiencies and in many febrile illnesses

120

postphlebitic syndrome

condition sometimes following deep vein thrombosis in which the individual experiences chronic edema and aching

121

prehypertension

condition in which systolic blood pressure measures between 120 and 140, diastolic blood pressure measures between 80 and 90 or both

122

premature atrial contraction

heartbeat stimulation by a group of irritable cells in the atria other than the SA node

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premature ventricular contraction

heartbeat stimulated by a group of irritable cells in the ventricles

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primary hypertension

hypertension that has no identifiable cause; also called essential hypertension

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pulmonary edema

accumulation of fluid in the interstitium and alveoli of the lungs

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pulmonary embolism

obstruction of a pulmonary artery from an embolus

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rhonchi

low-pitched snoring, squeaking, or gurgling sound heard during auscultation of the lungs and caused by partial airway obstruction from mucus

128

secondary hypertension

hypertension caused by an identifiable factor

129

shock

syndrome marked by inadequate perfusion and oxygenation of cells, tissues, and organs due to low blood pressure

130

venous stasis

sluggish blood flow caused by venous congestion

131

varicose vein

enlarged, dilated vein

132

acquired immunedeficiency syndrome

late-stage infection with the human immunodeficiency virus

133

Hodgkin disease

malignant lymphoma characterized by giant Reed-Sternberg cells

134

lymphadenopathy

enlargement and tenderness of lymph nodes due to local or regional infection or tumor growth

135

lymphosarcoma

cancer of the lymphatic tissue not related to Hodgkin disease

136

mononucleosis

acute infection with the Epstein-barr virus, which causes sore throat, fever, fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes

137

non-Hoodgkin lymphoma

group of malignant tumors of B or T lymphocytes

138

AIDS

ACQUIRED IMMUNE DECENCY SYNDROME

139

ASHD

arteriosclerotic heart disease

140

BP

blood pressure

141

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

142

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

143

HTN

hypertension

144

INR

international normalized ratio

145

LA

left atrium

146

LV

left ventricle

147

MI

myocardial infarction

148

PAC

premature atrial contraction

149

PND

paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea

150

PTCA

percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty

151

PT

prothrombin time

152

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

153

RBC

red blood cell

154

PTT

partial thromboplastin time

155

RA

right atrium

156

RV

right ventricle

157

WBC

white blood cell

158

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

159

PCP

pneumocystis pneumonia