cardiorespiratory system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in cardiorespiratory system Deck (47):
1

does the left and right side of the heart have the same function

no

2

what is the electrical impulse path

SA, AV, bundle of his, purkinje fibers

3

what is the difference between the left and right lung

the right lung has an accessery lobe

4

what controls heart and respiratory rate

oxygen need and CO2 removal

5

is heart and lung disease in animals commonly due to a heart attack or MI

no

6

how is heart disease or failure classified

left or right side and generalized

7

what are cough, exercise intolerance, dyspnea, weakness, and syncope symptoms of

cardiac disease

8

most common genetic and congenital cardiac disease

malformations, HCM, DCM

9

DCM

dilated cardio myopathy

10

HCM

hypertrophic cardio myopathy

11

what can cause DCM in cats

taurine deficiency

12

what is hypertension caused by

renal disease

13

neoplasmic cardiac disease

hemangiosarcoma

14

infectious cardiac disease

endocarditis

15

what is secondary to dental disease

endocarditis

16

what does endocarditis usually affect

mitral valve

17

what side of heart failure is most common

left sided

18

what do left sided heart failure symptoms relate to

fluid buildup in respiratory system

19

clinical signs of left sided heart failure

pulmonary edema, cough, crackles

20

what do right sided heart failure symptoms relate to

fluid buildup in the body (plural effusion)

21

what do most types of heart disease eventually involve

both sides

22

what hosts heartworm

dogs, cats, ferrets, sealion

23

where do adult heartworms reside

right ventricle and pulmonary artery

24

how long is the heartworm life cycle

6 months

25

what can heartworm disease result in

right sided heart failure

26

what can dead worms cause

pulmonary thrombosis and hypertension

27

what is the end stage disease with heartworm called

caval syndrome

28

HARD in cats

heartworm assosiated respiratory disease

29

what may cause sudden death in cats but is often asymptomatic

hw

30

clinical signs of heartworm in cats

asthma-like symptomes, vomiting

31

dog test for adult hw

antigen

32

dog test for microfilaria

blood smear, knotts, and filters

33

cat test for adult hw

antigen and antibody

34

cat test for microfilaria

blood smear, knotts, filters

35

describe microfilaria

straight with tapared head

36

describe acanthocheilonema reconditum

curved tail with blunt head

37

how do you kill adult hw in dogs

immiticide

38

how do you kill adult hw in cats

you dont

39

how do you kill microfilaria in dogs

ivermectin

40

how do you kill microfilaria in cats

microfilaricide

41

when should heartworm prevention be started

6-8 weeks

42

when should a dog be tested for hw

6 months old, missed dose, seasonally

43

what is common in aortic and pulmonic valves

valve stenosis

44

what is valve stenosis

murmur due to velocity of blood through stenotic valve

45

does mitral insufficiency or prolapse show symptoms

no

46

valve stenosis carriers

large breeds

47

who commonly has DCM

old age dogs (doberman)