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Flashcards in Cardiovascular diseases Deck (10):
1

• Blood pressure should be measured in all adults
from age _______ at least every 2 years

18 years

2

• Adults should have their fasting blood lipids
assessed starting at age _______, every 5 years
(ATSIP: 35 years).

45 years

3

• Adults should be screened for diabetes (fasting
plasma glucose) every 3 years from age ______
(ATSIP: from 18 years

40 years

4

Adults at high risk should be screened for kidney
disease every ______ (ACR ratio and eGFR

1–2 years

5

BP and cholesterol goals for pts with CHD

Blood pressure: <130/80 mmHg
Lipids : total C 4 mmol/L;
LDL-C <1.8 mmol/L;
HDL-C ≥ 1.0 mmol/L;
NHDL-C <2.5 mmol/L;
TG <2.0 mmol/L

6

Sugar goals for Secondary prevention of CHD

Diabetes : maintain optimal blood sugar level
4.0–6.0 mmol/L (ideal), NHMRC 6.1–8.0
mmol/L; HbA1c ≤ 7%

7

Secondary prevention of CHD
for established risk

Antiplatelet agent: all patients should take aspirin
75–150 mg/day unless contraindicated

8

Alcohol consumption for pts with CHD

Alcohol: patients consume a low-risk
quantity—maximum 2 standard drinks
per day; 1 standard drink for women with
hypertension

9

Nutrition: maintain healthy eating including
limiting saturated fatty acid and trans fat
intake and salt intake to_________

≤ 4 g/day

10

Weight target for pts with CHD

• Healthy weight: waist measurement men
<94 cm, women <80 cm; BMI range 18.5–25