Cardiovascular Findings Flashcards Preview

Chiro Essentials- Boards 2 and 3 > Cardiovascular Findings > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cardiovascular Findings Deck (43)
Loading flashcards...
1

Beau's lines (transverse grooves in nails)

Recent serious disease

2

Carotid bruit(whooshing sound)

Significantly narrowed artery

3

Clubbing of fingers

Bacterial endocarditis and Fallot's tetralogy

4

Cyanosis-central (blue lips, fingers and toes)

Severe respiratory distress, Fallot's tetralogy

5

Cyanosis- peripheral (blue fingers and toes)

Cold temp, Raynaud's disease

6

Diagonal earlobe creases

Increase risk of a heart attack

7

Dilated chest and arm veins

Superior vena cava obstruction

8

Diastolic murmur in 2nd RICS

Aortic regurgitation

9

Elevated jugular venous pressure

CHF, cardiac tamponade

10

Diastolic murmur in 5th LICS

Mitral stenosis

11

Displaced apex beat outside of 5th LICS

left ventricular hypertrophy

12

Distended jugular veins

Congestive heart failure

13

Erythema marginatum, cardiac murmur, joint pain

Rheumatic fever

14

Hepatojugular reflex (increased JVP with RUQ pressure)

Congestive heart failure

15

Koilonychia (spoon shaped nails)

Severe iron deficiency anemia

16

Left parasternal heave

Right ventricular hypertrophy

17

Loss of hair on the dorsum of the foot and toes

Peripheral vascular disease

18

Malar flush

Mitral stenosis, carcinoid tumors

19

Midsystolic click in 5th LICS

Mitral valve prolapse

20

Pale nail beds, mucosa or tongue

Anemia

21

Pansystolic murmur in 5th LICS

Mitral regurgitation

22

Peripheral edema bilateral

CHF, chronic bronchitis, cirrhosis, renal failure

23

Peripheral edema unilateral

Deep vein thrombosis, cellulitis

24

Precordial thrill (palpable murmur)

Pathological murmur

25

Pulsus alternans (strong beat followed by weak)

Left ventricular failure

26

Pulsus bigeminus (double beats)

Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy

27

Pulsus magnus (bounding pulse)

fever, anemia, hyperthyroidism

28

Pulsus paradoxus (pulse decreases on inspiration)

>10mm Hg: asthma, cardiac tamponade

29

Pulsus parvus(low volume pulse)

shock, aortic stenosis

30

Radio-femoral delay

Coarctation of the aorta